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Eating & Weight Disorders

EATING & WEIGHT DISORDERS 280 20 260 What is an Eating or Weight Disorder? Eating disorders such as anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating disorder involve extreme emotions, attitudes, and behaviors surrounding weight and food issues. 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 678910 11 3 Major Types of Eating Disorders: 1. Anorexia Nervosa A condition in which an individual believes they're overweight when they're actually thin, which can lead to refusal to eat and compulsive exercise, possibly causing extreme weight loss and starvation. Dieting 2. Bulimia Nervosa A condition marked by a cycle of intensive dieting, uncontrolled episodes of overeating, and extreme measures to prevent weight gain (e.g., fasting or purging). Individuals with bulimia nervosa tend to maintain a normal weight. Overeating 3. Binge Eating Disorder Recurrent episodes of uncontrolled over-eating (without purging), often causing weight gain. Did You Know? 1. Anorexia Nervosa: Typically begins in adolescence (ages 14-18). Diagnoses are 9 to 10 times more common in females than in males. 10 х VS. Anorexia nervosa has a mortality rate of about 10 percent. Symptoms Include: Medical Complications • A state of starvation Include: • Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat o Growth retardation (among children) • Extreme restriction of food intake • Cardiac and kidney dysfunction Compulsive calorie counting • Gastrointestinal difficulties • Distortions in self-image of weight and shape Loss of menstrual periods & infertility • Excessive exercise Osteoporosis Dry skin and hair loss Anxiety Depression Dehydration and electrolyte imbalances Constipation and abdominal pain Did You Know? 2. Bulimia Nervosa: Typically begins in late adolescence or early adulthood. Approximately 1 to 3 percent of adolescents and young adults develop bulimia nervosa, of which 85 percent are female. 85% 15 VS. TITI Symptoms Include: Medical Consuming large amounts of food Complications Include: while experiencing a loss of control over eating • Dehydration and electrolyte imbalances o Self-induced vomiting • Swollen salivary gland • Gastrointestinal disturbances o Laxative and diuretic misuse • Dental deterioration o Intermittent fasting • Menstrual irregularities o Excessive exercise • Dehydration • Cardiac irregularities o Anxiety o Depression Did You Know? 3. Binge Eating Disorder: Affects aboutor 1-4% of the population Medical Complications Include: Behaviors Include: Obesity Eating rapidly •Heart problems • Eating large amounts of food when not hungry •Diabetes Eating beyond comfort Eating alone due to shame and embarrassment Behaviors & Risk Factors Those suffering from eating disorders may withdraw from people, cover up their abnormal eating habits, and deny they have a problem. Personality traits linked to various eating disorders include: • Feelings of helplessness Events that could trigger eating disorders in at-risk individuals are: • Low self-esteem • Getting teased about appearance Participation in sports that focus on maintaining a certain weight, • Dissatisfaction with personal appearance • Trauma • Perfectionism • Impulsivity Genetics could increase the risk for eating disorders. Of the approximately eight million Americans with an eating disorder, seven million are women and one million are men. VS. 7 million 1 million Your Treatments for thoughts Eating Disorders CBT Your behaviors Your emotions Most eating disorder cases can be treated by trained professionals, including psychiatrists and psychologists, physicians, and nutritionists. Treatments for eating disorders include forms of therapy and other approaches, such as: • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) Family-based therapy Diary • Group therapy • Medication Maintaining a food diary Mount Sinai 02012 The Mount Sinai Medical Certer, New York You are tree to copy, distribute and transmit this content, but you must atribute the work to Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York

Eating & Weight Disorders

shared by MountSinaiNYC on Nov 21
Learn about the behaviors and risks associated with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorders and the treatment options for them.


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