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A Timeline of Biotech (Including Future Predictions)

TIMELINE OF BIOTECHNOLOGY (Including future predictions) Most of developments in biotechnology have taken place in a very short period of time, beginning with the discovery of molecular structure of DNA. To see how rapidly new technologies were discovered, have a look at biotech timeline. BIOTECHNOLOGY Biotech is a technology based on biology. It harnesses cellular and biomolecular processes to develop technologies and products that help improve lives and the health of planet Earth. People have used the biological processes of micro-organisms for more than 6,000 years to make useful food products, such as bread and cheese, and to preserve dairy products. 8000 BC Start of biotechnology. Humans begin choosing or altering plants and livestock so they can be domesticated. 4000 BC Egyptians master the art of wine making. 2000 BC Egyptians and Sumerians learn brewing and cheese making. 1663 300 BC Cells are first described by English physicist Greeks develop grafting techniques for plant breeding. Robert Hooke. 1802 The word "BIOLOGY" 1675 first appears. Dutch student of natural history and microscope Leeuwenhoek discovers maker Antonij van protozoa and bacteria. 1855 The Escherichia coli bacterium is discovered. It later becomes a major research, development, and production tool for biotechnology. 1861 French chemist Louis Pasteur develops pasteurization. 1883 First enzyme discovered and isolated. 1888 The chromosome is discovered by Heinrich Wilhelm Gottfried Waldeyer. 1819 The word BIOTECHNOLOGY is used in print for the first time. 1922 Dr. Frederick Banting and his assistant Charles Best discover insulin as a treatment for diabetes. 1941 1928 Scottish bacteriologist Fleming discovers penicillin as an antibiotic. The term Sir Alexander "GENETIC ENGINEERING' is first used by a Danish microbiologist A. Justin 1943 Canadian scientist Oswald Theodore Avery isolates pure DNA. 1867 The first automatic protein sequencer is perfected. 1953 James Watson and Francis Crick are the first to describe the double helix structure of DNA. Cohen and Boyer perform the first successful recombinant DNA experiment, using bacterial genes. 1855 1969 An enzyme is synthesized in vitro for the first time. The Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technique is conceived. PCR, which uses heat and enzymes to make unlimited copies of genes and gene fragments, later becomes a major tool in biotech research and product development worldwide. The first artificial chromosome is synthesized. 1855 1981 The first gene-synthesizing machines are 1990 developed. The first genetically engineered plant is reported. The first federally approved gene therapy treatment is performed successfully on a 4-year old girl suffering from an immune Mice are successfully cloned. disorder. CD 1997 The world meets Dolly the sheep, the first 1998 cloned mammal. A rough draft of the human genome map is produced, showing the locations of more than 30,000 genes. 2010 2005 Researchers at the J. Craig Venter Institute create the first synthetic The billionth biotech acre is planted by one of 8.5 million farmers in one of 21 cell. countries. 2013 2012 The first bionic eye has seen the light of day in the United States, giving hope to the blind around the world. Draft Genome for Wheat An international team announces a draft of the wheat genome. NEAR FUTURE Ultra high-throughput sequencing chip arrays for routine diagnostic testing. (Without concrete data) Number of biotech products approved exceeds 500. General immunosuppressive approved for transplantation. Implantable biosensors for monitoring health status or delivering medication. Transplantation of organs and tissues from cloned animals. Stem-cell technology used for whole organ/tissue transplantation. TRANSHUMANISM International cultural and intellectual movement with an eventual goal of fundamentally transforming the human condition by developing and making widely available technologies to greatly enhance intellectual, psychological capacities. Transhumanists tend to take a longer-than-average view of technological progress, looking not just five or ten years into the future but twenty years, thirty years, and beyond. human physical, and A TIMELINE OF BIOTECHNOLOGY CONOSCO IT-PARTNERS www.conoSCO.com (Including future predictions)

A Timeline of Biotech (Including Future Predictions)

shared by joe.shervell on Jun 27
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In the new generations, it is undeniably true that we are already working with technology. But, this does not only happen to the mechanical and automated forms. For sure, you would also want to check...

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Conosco

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datadial

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Science
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