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Western Civilization's Historical Guide to The Job Search

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Send CV email at: 141714282) THE TAXATION COURSE on WITHHOLDING TAXES by trainers with vast operience as FBR oficers and tux lawyers. dute July 30, 1, Fee: 5000/-, 021-35871302, JOB SEARCH Interior Design PHOT DEVE 2011, 35468237 or Emait inoeristtarzatarcom (10061713227) Following Non-Teaching Statt is also requireds 1- Adnissions staf utve in a well ering company INHERITED PROFESSION Stone Age Early Civilization ...... Hunter or Gatherer? In prehistoric times, a community's survival was based on its ability to find food, and offered no real job choices for its members. Instead, jobs were assigned according to gender; men hunted while women gathered. As people began forming cities, they began taking on new specialized roles and responsibilities, such as accountant, scribe, lawyer, and physician, to meet the needs and demands of a concentrated population. These were the first entrepreneurs-they recognized a need and filled it. The Middle Ages During the Middle Ages, the job search was nearly meaningless because a man's occupation was often dictated by his social standing or what his father did. Serf Apprenticeship A boy who wished to learn a specific trade would become an apprentice of a master craftsman, The master craftsman would impart his wisdom to the boy until the boy was skilled enough to start his own trade. A serf was essentially an indentured servant who slaved away to appease the landowning nobles. e of: Mlddle Class A man's surname were determined by his family's trade. Names like Smith, Cook, and Carpenter were representative of a profession and dictated a career. Usually the apprentice learned from a close relative or a friend in the village. Noble Nobles ruled over the lower class and mostly just ate food and partied a lot. INCREASE IN PRODUCTION MORE SELECTIVE EMPLOYERS The Second Industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution During this era men, women, and children had more jobs to choose from than ever before as Industrial Revolution increased the production of goods. Factories employed almost anyone who responded to "help wanted" signs-although working conditions were less than ideal. As productivity and technology increased and large companies produced many goods, owners found a large company also required executives, senior managers, managers, assistant managers, etc. A corporate hierarchy was created to maintain structure within a company. Employers Become Selective As companies grew, employers began looking for workers who had previous management experience or had undergone formal training in a specialized field. These jobs were no longer based on family relationships. The Newspaper Age (1851-1999) 20th Century (Mid 1900s-1999) The Newspaper Reigns Supreme From the New York Times'inception in 1851 to the Internet age, the newspaper was the primary vehicle for connecting companies with employees via advertising. As newspapers increased in volume, they became the perfect place for businesses to reach as Recruiters Are King As time went on, the recruiting process became more and more sophisticated. In fact, an entire industry was built around searching for employees. Potential employees would reply to a classified ad with their résumés, but instead of executives reading them, companies hired a recruiter to do all the work. many local eyes as possible. 1¢ The Path Is Narrow It took time and money to job search during the mid 20th century. Applicants had to type out a cover letter and mail hard copies to each company. The time consuming nature of job searching forced applicants to keep the search local and within their specialized field. The Classified Ad The classified ad was perhaps the cheapest and most effective place for firms to advertise jobs, though it was also the most expensive ad space. People looking for jobs picked up a paper to learn what positions were available their town. A Lifetime Career Because the process of getting a job was so time intensive, most people stayed at one job for their whole career. This was also due to many employers offering a no-layoff policy for their managerial workers, inspiring strong company loyalty. The Modern Job Search: Jan 31, 1999-Present The Internet Age The Internet changed how we do many activities, National Searchers Now that people in Phoenix could view jobs available in Philadelphia, both employees and including job searching. Job hunters could now search locally and nationally via websites like, a classified ad websites where many companies posted recruitment ads. In just the past 15 years, the Internet employers became more selective in their search. And now that job seekers could send résumés electroni- cally, applying was much quicker, too. has grown from accounting for around 1 percent of all employee hires to nearly 100 percent. Applicant Explosion Because it's now free to send out résumés, the number aired its first Super Bowl commercial on Jan 31, 1999. The significance of this event was the fact that its national database of jobs was large enough compete against the local newspaper. The ad is considered one of the top 10 most important Super Bowl commercials of all time. of applicants for any given job has grown 10 to 100 times more than in the 20th century. People often apply for jobs they aren't really qualified for, making the application avalanche difficult for companies to navigate. Present Day It's a Matter of Marketing In order to effectively secure a job, applicants need to learn how to market themselves. Conversely, companies need to learn how to direct their marketing to applicants who will fit the job description. Today many applicants market themselves on social media sites and blogs. And come up with creative ways to get their name out there. Super-Specialization The massive volume of applicants has caused companies to weed out the underqualified by posting highly specialized job descriptions. A company that once was searching for someone experienced in marketing is now looking for an employee who has experience in Internet advertising, direct response TV, or social content marketing, etc. HIRE ME f in Although the methods of finding a job have changed over the years, many things remain the same-the job description is still just a list of activities and skills required by the employer. SOURCES: CENEDELLA.COM, ALFRED D. CHANDLER "THE VISIBLE HAND"

Western Civilization's Historical Guide to The Job Search

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The search for a job has evolved dramatically over the millenia. Today, with the use of the Internet, we have the advantage of being able to search all over the world for that perfect position. Of cou...



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