The History of Android

The History of Android

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October 2003

Android Inc founded

by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears and Chris White

Android was Andy Rubin's nickname because of his fascination with robots

"We thought it would be good if we could build a camera platform with third-party apps," - Andy Rubin

Originally intended for digital cameras

Focus shifted to smartphones after deciding that digital cameras were not a big enough market

Rubin ran out of money in 2003, but Steve Perlman, Silicon Valley inventor and entrepreneur, gave him $10,000 cash to continue his work

Google 2005

Android Inc bought by Google

Part of Google's effort to gain more mobile traffic

"We acquired Android because of the talented engineers and great technology. We're thrilled to have them here."-Google Spokesman

November 5, 2007

Google officially announces development of the android OS

becomes known as Android's official birthday.

Android Inc's operations largely remained a secret until this point

Android would be 100% free and open source, as opposed to the strictly regulated Apple iOS

September, 2008

1.0 OS

The T-Mobile G1 Launches

The first Android smartphone, sold as HTC Dream outside the USA and parts of Europe.


Motorola Droid released

exclusive to Verizon, this was marketed as an iPhone alternative.

Slide-out keyboard touted as a key advantage over the iPhone.

Sold 525,000 units in the first month

April, 2009

Android 1.5 Cupcake

First major update to the Android OS Supported widgets and folders on the homescreen

September, 2009

Android 1.6 Donut

Improved Android market and universal search, with Native support for Sprint and Verizon

Supported higher resolution touch screens, with an improved camera interface

October, 2009

Android 2.0 Eclair

Improved the browser and added updates to Google Maps and UI

Debuted Google Maps Navigation to compete with GPS units like Tom-Tom and Garmin


Google Nexus One Launches

Very few units sold-only 80,000 in first month

Sold exclusively online

Poor connectivity

Poor customer support

Only available with 3G Connectivity through T-Mobile

June, 2010

Android 2.2 Froyo

Significantly faster due to the just-in-time compiler

supported adobe flash and data tethering

Q3 2010

Android surpassed apple ios for market share in the USA

Largely due to the success of the Samsung Galaxy S and HTC EVO 4G

December, 2010

Android 2.3 Gingerbread

Improved UI, Supported NFC

Near Field Communication enables devices to share data without making contact, similar to RFID.

It can be implemented to create digital credit cards or digital keys

Google Nexus S

more successful than Nexus One

sold over 401,000 units in its first quarter after release

February, 2011

Android 3.0 Honeycomb

developed specifically for tablets, but had little success

Greatly improved 3D rendering and hardware acceleration

May, 2011

Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich

Refined version of Honeycomb

optimized its features for mobile devices.

Android overtook Blackberry in US market share in 2011


Galaxy S III launched

top selling smartphone behind iPhone

July, 2012

Android 4.1 Jelly Bean

Multiple user accounts


Actionable notifications

Google Now

Quick-settings in the notification bar

Lock Screen Widgets

March, 2013

Sundar Pichai takes over leadership of Android at Google

Andy Rubin moves on to new projects at Google

Pichai also heads up Google Chrome and the Chrome OS

Today Android phones hold 75% of the market with 162 million units sold in the first quarter of 2013

What's next for Android?

October, 2013

Android 4.4 Kit Kat expected to release

Google stated their goal for Kit Kat is to make Android more enjoyable for everyone

Rumored to include updates for older devices including screen resizing, color changes and new notification widgets

Some have speculated about a desktop version of Android.

The History of Android

shared by NowSourcing on Oct 21, 2013 in Technology


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This infographic provides a deeper look into the history of Android, one of the leaders in the mobile market.
Category: Technology




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