A Brief History of Android


Google's Android is a Linux-based operating system designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices like smartphones and tablet computers. It is open source in nature and the code is released under the Apache License which allows the software to be freely modified and distributed by device manufacturers, wireless carriers, as well as individual users.


October 2003
Android Inc founded by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner Nick Sears, & Chris White

August 2005
Google acquires Android Inc

5 November 2007
Open Handset Alliance (OHA) Formed. Android Unveiled

12 November 2007
Android Beta SDK Released

23 September 2008
Android 1.0 Released.Featured on HTC Dream (G1)

9 February 2009
Android 1.1 update released for T-Mobile G1

30 APRIL 2009 ANDROID 1.5: cupcake Released
Camcorder support to record and watch videos

Ability to easily upload images and videos to Picasa and Youtube

A number of Bluetooth improvements

Widgets and folders can now be placed on the home screen

Animation on various screen transitions

On-screen keyboard with text-prediction

15 SEPTEMBER 2009 ANDROID 1.6: Donut Released
New camera, camcorder and photo gallery interfaces

Improved voice search and search experience

Support for higher screen resolutions

Google turn-by-turn navigation

Text to speech engine

Multi-touch gesture support

VPN (Virtual Private Network) support

26 OCTOBER 2009 ANDROID 2.0:Eclair Released

Improve UI

Contact and Account improvements and sychronization

Email support for exchange, supports multiple account aggregation

More camera improvements including flash, digital zoom, white balance, scene modes and macro focus

Improved virtual keyboard

Browser improvements including key functions of HTML5

Improved speed

Improvements to Calender and Google Maps

Bluetooth 2.1 support and related Bluetooth features

Live wallpapers

3 DECEMBER 2009 ANDROID 2.0.1: SDK Released.
12 JANUARY 2010 ANDROID 2.1: SDK Released.
20 MAY 210 ANDROID 2.2: Froyo Released.


Camera control improvements with more on-screen buttons

Tethering with up to 8 WiFi hotspots or via USB connection

Multi-lingual keyboard support allows quick language switching

More performance improvements for faster app access and browser speedups

Bluetooth improvements including voice dialing, contract sharing, support for bluetooth car and desk docks

Numerous enhancements for Microsoft's Exchange, such as remote wipe, calender support, global address lists and improved security

New home screen tips widget

6 DECEMBER 2010 ANDROID 2.3: Gingerbread Released

UI refinements for simplicity and speed

Faster, more intuitive text input on the virtual keyboard

One-touch word selection and copy/paste

Improved power management and power usage status

Application status and ability to manually stop applications

Internet phone calling

Near-Field Communication (NFC) support to read NFC tags

New download manager

Multiple camera support (i.e front and rear cameras)

Support for barometer, gravity, gyroscope, linear acceleration and rotation

22 FEBRUARY 2011 ANDROID 2.3.3: SDK Released
22 FEBRUARY 2011 ANDROID 3.0: Honeycomb Released


New UI for tablets includes a new system bar, action bar, customizable home screens and recent apps list

Redesigned keyboard for faster more accurate entry

Improved text selection, copy and paste

Synchronize media files via USB without mounting a USB mass-storage device

Support for physical keyboards via Bluetooth or USB

Bluetooth tethering allows more devices to share the network connetion

Updated applications for larger screens including browser, camera, gallery, contact and email

Multi-core processor support

High-performance 2D and 3D graphic support

10 MAY 2011 ANDROID 3.1: SDK Released

UI refinements to navigation and animations

USB devices and accessories supported, including mice, keyboards, digital cameras and more.

Expanded recent apps list

Resizeable Home screen widgets

Support for joysticks and gamepads

Improved Wi-Fi networking stability,including connection while the screen is off

Updated set of standard apps, including browser, gallery calender, contacts and email.

Enterprise support features

18 JULY 2011 ANDROID 3.2: SDK Released

Further enhancements for Tablets

Compatibility zoom for fixed-sized applications

Direct application access to SD card file system

Extended screen API for managing different screen sizes

19 OCTOBER 2011 ANDROID 4.0: Ice Cream Sandwich Released

Refined UI

Recent Apps selection

Home folders and favorites tray

Resizable Widgets

Lock Screen actions

Quick Response for calls

Network data control

NFC based sharing

Face Unlock

WiFi-Direct support

9 JULY 2012 ANDROID 4.1: Jelly bean Released.

Improved touch response and transitions

Expandable, actionable notifications

Instant review of taken photos

External braille input and output via USB

Improved Voice search

USB audio

Google Wallet

29 OCTOBER 2012 ANDROID 4.2: Jelly Bean 4.2 Released.


Multiple users for tablets

Photo Sphere to take 360 degree images

Built-in keyboard gesture typing (like Swype)

Daydream to display info while idle or docked

Beam photos and videos

Distribution of Android Versions Across Devices

Android Version Share of Devices

Donut 0.20%
Eclair 2.40%
Froyo 9.00%
Gingerbread 47.60%
Honeycomb 1.50%
Ice Cream Sandwich 29.10%
Jelly Bean 10.20%

Based on the number of Android devices that have accessed Google Play within a 14-day period ending on 3rd Jan 2013

A Brief History of Android

shared by spicemobiles on Jan 09, 2013 in Technology


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Google’s Linux-based open source mobile platform – Android powers hundreds of millions of mobile devices across the world. Android claims the largest installed base of any mobile platform and is g...
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