A Brief History of Android

Google’s Linux-based open source mobile platform – Android powers hundreds of millions of mobile devices across the world. Android claims the largest installed base of any mobile platform and is growing rapidly thanks to it’s open source nature. Here’s a brief history of Android – the world’s most popular mobile platform.




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A BRIEF HISTORY OF ANDROID Google's Android is a Linux-based operating system designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices like smartphones and tablet computers. It is open source in nature and the code is released under the Apache License which allows the software to be freely modified and distributed by device manufacturers, wireless carriers, as well as individual users. MILESTONES October 2003 Android Inc founded by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner Nick Sears, & Chris White August 2005 Google acquires Android Inc 5 November 2007 Open Handset Alliance (OHA) Formed. Android Unveiled 12 November 2007 Android Beta SDK Released 23 September 2008 Android 1.0 Released.Featured on HTC Dream (G1) 9 February 2009 Android 1.1 update released for T-Mobile G1 30 APRIL 2009 ANDROID 1.5: cupcake Released ENHANCEMENTS Camcorder support to record and watch videos Ability to easily upload images and videos to Picasa and Youtube A number of Bluetooth improvements Widgets and folders can now be placed on the home screen Animation on various screen transitions On-screen keyboard with text-prediction 15 SEPTEMBER 2009 ANDROID 1.6: Donut Released ENHANCEMENTS New camera, camcorder and photo gallery interfaces Improved voice search and search experience Support for higher screen resolutions Google turn-by-turn navigation Text to speech engine Multi-touch gesture support VPN (Virtual Private Network) support 26 OCTOBER 2009 ANDROID 2.0:Eclair Released ENHANCEMENTS Improve UI Contact and Account improvements and sychronization Email support for exchange, supports multiple account aggregation More camera improvements including flash, digital zoom, white balance, scene modes and macro focus Improved virtual keyboard Browser improvements including key functions of HTML5 Improved speed Improvements to Calender and Google Maps Bluetooth 2.1 support and related Bluetooth features Live wallpapers 3 DECEMBER 2009 ANDROID 2.0.1: SDK Released. 12 JANUARY 2010 ANDROID 2.1: SDK Released. 20 MAY 210 ANDROID 2.2: Froyo Released. ENHANCEMENTS Camera control improvements with more on-screen buttons Tethering with up to 8 WiFi hotspots or via USB connection Multi-lingual keyboard support allows quick language switching More performance improvements for faster app access and browser speedups Bluetooth improvements including voice dialing, contract sharing, support for bluetooth car and desk docks Numerous enhancements for Microsoft's Exchange, such as remote wipe, calender support, global address lists and improved security New home screen tips widget 6 DECEMBER 2010 ANDROID 2.3: Gingerbread Released ENHANCEMENTS UI refinements for simplicity and speed Faster, more intuitive text input on the virtual keyboard One-touch word selection and copy/paste Improved power management and power usage status Application status and ability to manually stop applications Internet phone calling Near-Field Communication (NFC) support to read NFC tags New download manager Multiple camera support (i.e front and rear cameras) Support for barometer, gravity, gyroscope, linear acceleration and rotation 22 FEBRUARY 2011 ANDROID 2.3.3: SDK Released 22 FEBRUARY 2011 ANDROID 3.0: Honeycomb Released ENHANCEMENTS New UI for tablets includes a new system bar, action bar, customizable home screens and recent apps list Redesigned keyboard for faster more accurate entry Improved text selection, copy and paste Synchronize media files via USB without mounting a USB mass-storage device Support for physical keyboards via Bluetooth or USB Bluetooth tethering allows more devices to share the network connetion Updated applications for larger screens including browser, camera, gallery, contact and email Multi-core processor support High-performance 2D and 3D graphic support 10 MAY 2011 ANDROID 3.1: SDK Released ENHANCEMENTS UI refinements to navigation and animations USB devices and accessories supported, including mice, keyboards, digital cameras and more. Expanded recent apps list Resizeable Home screen widgets Support for joysticks and gamepads Improved Wi-Fi networking stability,including connection while the screen is off Updated set of standard apps, including browser, gallery calender, contacts and email. Enterprise support features 18 JULY 2011 ANDROID 3.2: SDK Released ENHANCEMENTS Further enhancements for Tablets Compatibility zoom for fixed-sized applications Direct application access to SD card file system Extended screen API for managing different screen sizes 19 OCTOBER 2011 ANDROID 4.0: Ice Cream Sandwich Released ENHANCEMENTS Refined UI Recent Apps selection Home folders and favorites tray Resizable Widgets Lock Screen actions Quick Response for calls Network data control NFC based sharing Face Unlock WiFi-Direct support 9 JULY 2012 ANDROID 4.1: Jelly bean Released. ENHANCEMENTS Improved touch response and transitions Expandable, actionable notifications Instant review of taken photos External braille input and output via USB Improved Voice search USB audio Google Wallet 29 OCTOBER 2012 ANDROID 4.2: Jelly Bean 4.2 Released. ENHANCEMENTS INCLUDE Multiple users for tablets Photo Sphere to take 360 degree images Built-in keyboard gesture typing (like Swype) Daydream to display info while idle or docked Beam photos and videos Distribution of Android Versions Across Devices Android Version Share of Devices Donut 0.20% Eclair 2.40% Froyo 9.00% Gingerbread 47.60% Honeycomb 1.50% Ice Cream Sandwich 29.10% Jelly Bean 10.20% Based on the number of Android devices that have accessed Google Play within a 14-day period ending on 3rd Jan 2013