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How to deal with common roadside emergencies

ICOMMON ROADSIDE EMERGENCIES AND HOW TO DEAL WITH THEM Whether your car is old or new - a breakdown can happen at any time. When it does, it's important to know how to handle it. Be prepared and know what to do to get your car back on the road. BUILD YOURSELF AN EMERGENCY KIT You'll be ready for anything with the right gear: Heavy duty torch Socket wrench Cheap prepaid mobile phone and spare battery Breakdown warning and hazard light First aid kit Jump leads Antifreeze and coolant Notepad and pen Owner's manual Spare tyre MANUA Engine oil Bottle jack Snacks & water Tyre pressure gauge Hi-vis vest(s) Gloves Changing a flat tyre Tools requlred: Gloves Bottle jack Spare tyre Hi-vis vest Socket wrench 2 3 Switch the englne off, engage the handbrake, turn the hazards on and engage first gear. Remove the wheel trim (if fitted) and place the Jack in the recommended lifting spot. Loosen bolts holding wheel to the hub. Ralse the Jack so the wheel clears the ground. Remove the nuts and bolts, leaving the top one until last. 4 5 Fit the spare tyre from your boot by refitting the top bolt/nut first, Tighten all the nuts by hand first in stages and in a diagonal sequence. Release the Jack and lower the wheel to the ground before fully tightening the wheel nuts, again in diagonal sequence. If you have a flat tyre on the motorway or dual carriageway, then call for roadsIde assistance. Stuck vehicle Tools requlred: Foot Patience Car 2 mph Put the car in flrst gear and Not exceeding 15mph, allow the spinning wheels to rock Take your foot off the accelerator gently press the accelerator. and let the vehicle roll backwards. the vehicle forward. Immediately put your foot on the accelerator to move the car forwards again. Repeat this until you build enough momentum to rock If this doesn't work, call for roadside assistance – you'll need towing. the vehicle out of the rut. Overheating engine Tools requlred: Engine oil Antifreeze & coolant Gloves 2 Turn off the engine immediately and pop the car bonnet. Let the engine cool down before you take any further action. Check the engine oil levels using the dipstick on the cap - the oil should reach the notch marked "Full". Check the coolant levels in the reservoir by the radiator. Top up with antifreeze and coolant. If the coolant was low, it might indicate a leak. Check for any noticeable dripping. Should you find a leak, you'll need to take your vehicle to a mechanic for repairs. Dead battery Tools required: Jump leads Second vehicle 3 Turn off the Ignltlon and any Connect the posltlve cable clamp (marked “+") to the remote terminals on the good vehlcle. Repeat for the dead vehicle. Connect the negative cable clamp (marked “-“) to the remote negative terminal on the dead vehlcle. Repeat for the good vehicle. electronics in both cars. 4 ACC Start the good vehlcle and let it charge for at least 5 mlnutes. Try to start the dead vehlcle with the cables still attached. If it doesn't work, call for help. If you're not confident in your abilities, then call for asslstance. A mistake can cause serious damage or even an explosion. Don't smoke when jump-starting, and don't use jumper cables with cracked or mlssing Insulatlon. Car accident Tools requlred: Phone Notepad and pen first aid kit (1 3 Chapel road 999 Opposite the = post office Check yourself and passengers for injuries. If anyone is injured, call 999 Immedlately. Don't move any Injured passengers unless there's a risk of fire or you're told to by emergency operators. Find out your location by taking note of street slgns or landmarks nearby. 4 5 =Raining heavily Jule Smith John rom Approx. 1:30 16Eeton t 54Church Rad = Dri ver hasa cutto the forehead 1941200581 4871942012 Ask anyone who witnessed the accident for their names, addresses and vehlcle reglstratlons. Record as many detalls as posslble of what happened. Note the weather, time, state of drlvers exchange detalls with other driver. and take photos if possible. Call your insurance company to report the accldent. If necessary, If your car Is driveable and safe: take to a mechanic for any repairs or proof that the car is roadworthy. Mechanic If your car Is un-driveable: call roadside assistance for vehicle rescue and recovery. Familiarising yourself with your car and being prepared with an emergency kit can get you through most breakdowns and accidents. But safety comes before pride: if you breakdown at night, or in an unsafe location, then you should always call for help. Sources The AA. (2011). How to change a wheel safely. The AA. (2013). Top ten causes of breakdowns. The AA. (2015). If you break down: where to stop and what to do. British Red Cross. (2015). Car breakdown. Budget Direct. (2014). How to get your car unstuck from mud or sand. DriverSide (2011). What to do when your engine overheats. CarProof. (2015). What to include in an emergency roadside kit. ETA. (2014). Top 10 reasons for car breakdowns. Henry, A. (2011). How do I jump-start a car? Miller, T. (2014). How to handle the most common roadside emergencies. This graphic is for entertainment purposes only. accepts no liability for the content of this graphic, or for the consequences of any actions taken on the basis of the information provided. It is your obligation to independently verify the safety of any vehicle before driving. O O O This image is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License - 00

How to deal with common roadside emergencies

shared by Danielk89 on Aug 23
Whether your car is old or new - a breakdown can happen at any time. When it does, it's important to know how to handle it.


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