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History Of The Electric Car

Histery of the Electric Car Acollection of significant vehicles powered only by electricity 1832? Robert Anderson Scotland Price of gasoline per gallon 1861 - 2008 Displayed in 21st century dollars 1861: $3.50+ 1884 Thomas Parker England Throughout history. hobbyists, inventors, and corporations have replaced the Internal Combustion Engines of production automobiles with electric motors to create "electric" cars. 1891 Holtzer- Jamaica Plain, MA In this graphic, we're focusing on those automobiles which were designed, from the ground up, to be powered by electricity only. 1900 Riker Electric Rike Company. Vehicle Brooklyn, NY 1832~1930 Many claim to be the inventor of the electric car, but there are reports that sometime between 1832 and 1839, the first car powered by batteries hit the streets of Scotland. The unreliable Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) and the cost of gasoline gave electric vehicles the advantage. By 1900, 28% of the autos in the U.S. are electric. The interest waned, however, when improvements to the ICE were made, gasoline became less expensive, and Ford's Model Twas introduced, 1912 Standard Electric Tourer Standard Electric Company Jackson, MI 1922 Detroit Electric Detroit Electric Car Company Detroit, MI 1959 Henney Kilowatt Henney Motor Company, Canastota, NY 40 mph /max, 40 mile max, range 36 volt system 1949~1995 While many inventors and hobbyists continued to explore electric power, serious product development was nearly nonexistent until the late 5Os. Around the world, a few companies created small fleets of electric delivery vehicles with limited success. The Arab Oil Embargo, as well as Congressional bills aimed at curbing pollution levels and foreign oil dependency, sparked renewed interest in electric vehicles in the mid 1970s. However, battery technology lagged far behind the goals of electric vehicle manufacturers, seriously impeding their ability to create vehicles with mass appeal. Gasoline was expensive, but electric vehicles had limited range and took too long to recharge. 1974 CitiCar Sebring-Vanguard, Inc., Sebring, FL 50 mph/max, 40 mile max. range 36 volt system 1973: $1.90 1990 1974 Panda Eletta Elcar Fiat, Turin, Italy 40 mph /max, 40 mile max. range 14 kw system Zagato, Italy 25 mph/max, 50 mile max. range 24, 36, 48 volt system 1992 Ecostar Ford Motor Company, Detroit, MI 70 mph/max, 110 mile max. range 56 kw system 1997 EV1 Altra EV Plus General Motors Company, Detroit, MI 80 mph/max, 75S mile max. range 16.5 kWh@ 312 volts Nissan Motors, Japan 80 mph /max, 120 mile max, range 62 kw system Honda Corporation, Japan 80 mphmax.120 mile max. range 49 kw system 1999 Sparrow Corbin Motors, Holister, CA 70 mph/max, 40 mile max. range 20 kw system 2008 2008: $4.00+ Tesla Roadster Tesla Motors, Palo Alto, CA 125 mph/max, 244 mile max. range 53 kw system 1997-Present Due to Congressional mandates aimed at the major reduction of automobile pollution, manufacturers had to begin the development of zero-emission vehicles. Several models were introduced in 1997 by major automobile brands, and while they gained popularity and cult status, most were phased out due to high maintenance costs as well as continued gains were made to ICE vehicle's mileage. At the end of the 20th century, America's taste for large SUVS grew, even as the price of fuel crept higher. Advances in battery technology allowed for smaller automobile manufacturers to take the lead in electric car development, and vehicles with improved performance and ranges are starting to appear on the streets. While most domestic manufacturers are developing hybrid technologies, foreign auto makers are readying several all-electric models for mass production. 2011 Aptera 2e Aptera Motors, Vista, CA 90 mph/max, 100 mile max. range 20 kw system 2011 Rle (far right) Subaru Motors, Japan 62 mph/max, 50 mile max. range 20 kw system Leaf Nissan Motors, Japan 87 mph/max, 100 mile max, range 24 kw system i Miev Mitsubishi Motors, Japan 80 mph /max, 100 mile max. range 16 kw system Hybrid Technology EV Technology Batteries supply current to power electric motor. When the batteries lose energy, they must be recharged. While great strides have been made in the performance and charging time of electric vehicles, their higher cost to purchase and maintain limits their consumer base. Thus, hybrid technology vehicles are currently being prepared for delivery to the public by most auto manufacturers. Typically, hybrid vehicles are power by electrical motors that initially run from current stored in on- batteries. When the charge in the batteries is depleted, a small ICE is activated (fueled by gasoline, ethanol, hydrogen, etc.) which supplies current to drive the electric motor as well as recharge the batteries. Hybrid technology provides unlimited driving range, better performance then most of today's electric vehicles, greatly improved emissions, as well as effective mileages well over 100 mpg. Hybrid vehicles will allow the auto manufacturing industry - as well as the gasoline supply and delivery infrastructure - a bridge between old carbon-based fuels and newer, alternative fuel technologies. Electric Motor Batteries -board drogen Hybrid Technology Batteries initially supply current to power electric Small ICE motor. When the batteries Electric Batteries lose energy, a small ICE is activated and powers a Motor Generator generator to drive the electric motor and recharge the spent batteries.

History Of The Electric Car

shared by infographicworld on Aug 17
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A look at electric cars from their early beginnings to present day. Note how the most innovative and expansive periods of EV growth have come during periods of heightened gas prices.


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