Transcript

Who Runs the Internet?

WHO RUNS THE INTERNET? NO ONE PERSON, COMPANY, ORGANIZATION OR GOVERNMENT RUNS THE INTERNET. The Internet itself is a globally distributed computer network comprised of many voluntarily interconnected autonomous networks. Similarly, its governance is conducted by a decentralized and international multistakeholder network of interconnected autonomous groups drawing from civil society, the private sector, governments, the academic and research communities, and national and international organizations. They work cooperatively from their respective roles to create shared policies and standards that maintain the Internet's global interoperability for the public good. WHO IS INVOLVED: HERE IS HOW IT WORKS: WHO IS INVOLVED: Internet Operations span all aspects of hardware, software, and infrastructure required to make the Internet work. Services include ISO S INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION IAB ACPSR INTERNET ARCHITECTURE BOARD Oversees the technical and engineering development of the IETF and IRTE. www.iab.org FOR STANDARDIZATION Develops international standards. The ISO 3166 standard establishes internationally recognized codes for the representation of names of countries, territories or areas of geopolitical interest and their subdivisions. ISO 3166 does not establish the names of countries, only the codes that represent them. www.iso.org/iso/country_codes.htm OPERATIONS &SERVICES education, access, web browsing, online commerce, social networking, etc. ICANN COPV INTERNET CORPORATION FOR ASSIGNED THE INTERNET NAMES AND NUMBERS Coordinates the Internet's systems of unique identifiers: IP addresses, protocol parameter registries, top-level domain space (DNS root zone). www.icann.org Internet Policies are the shared POLICIES & STANDARDS principles, norms, rules, ISOC CEP V decision-making procedures, and programmes that shape the evolution and use of the INTERNET SOCIETY 3. Assure the open development, evolution and use of the Internet for the benefit of IETF CPS Internet. Internet Standards all people throughout the world. Currently ISOC has over 90 chapters in around 80 countries. www.internetsociety.org INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE Develops and promotes a wide range of Internet standards dealing in particular with standards of the Internet protocol suite. Their technical documents influence the way enable interoperability of systems on the Internet by defining protocols, messages formats, schemas, and languages. RIRS OPV Policies & Standards guide debate and decision making. people design, use, and manage the Internet. www.ietf.org OPEN DEBATE 5 REGIONAL INTERNET REGISTRIES Manage the allocation and registration of Internet number resources, such as IP addresses, within geographic regions of the world. www.afrinic.net IGF ACP INTERNET GOVERNANCE FORUM The formal and informal Africa www.apnic.net Asia Pacific A multistakeholder open forum for debate on issues related to Internet governance. process of debating policy and standard propositions in a www.arin.net Canada & United States www.lacnic.net Latin America & Caribbean www.intgovforum.org www.ripe.net Europe, the Middle East & parts of Central Asia multistakeholder model IRTF R using any variety of methods: in-person, Internet Drafts, public forums, publishing, and INTERNET RESEARCH TASK FORCE W3C S Promotes research of the evolution of the WORLD WIDE WEB CONSORTIUM Internet by creating focused, long-term research groups working on topics related to Internet protocols, applications, architecture and technology. www.irtf.org MULTISTAKEHOLDERS Create standards for the world wide web Civil Society & Internet Users, the Private Sector, Governments, National & International Organizations, Research, Academic and Technical Communities all that enable an Open Web Platform, for example, by focusing on issues of accessibility, internationalization, and mobile web solutions. many more. Operations & Services support the Internet's global interoperability. www.w3.org GOVERNMENTS AND INTER-GOVERNMENTAL INTERNET NETWORK OPERATORS' GROUPS AOV have a say in how the Internet is run. ORGANIZATIONS CP Develop laws, regulations and policies applicable to the Internet within their jurisdictions; participants in multilateral and multistakeholder regional and international fora on Internet governance. Discuss and influence matters related to Internet operations and regulation within informal fora made up of Internet Service Providers (ISPS), Internet Exchange Points (IXPS), and others. LEGEND: A Advice Community Engagement E Education O Operations P Policy R Research S Standards V Services Version 1.08| March 21, 2013 This graphic is a living document, designed to provide a high level view of how the Internet is run. It is not intended to be a definitive guide. Please provide feedback at www.xplanations.com/whorunstheinternet c00 2013 | Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0

Who Runs the Internet?

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The Internet is governed by a decentralized and international multistakeholder network of interconnected autonomous groups drawing from civil society, the private sector, governments, the academic and...

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ICANN

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XPlane

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Technology
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