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History of Smoking

History of Smoking



From first discovery to mass cultivation, tobacco smoking quickly grew into a global trend. But how did smoking become so popular? Track the origins of tobacco use and see how the leafy plant spread across the globe.



Smoking by the numbers

1 billion

Global Number of cigarette smokers

80,000 to 100,000 kids take up smoking each day!



15 billion cigarettes are sold each day

That's 10 million every minute!



Half of cigarette users will die due to smoking-related illnesses

Tobacco use killed 100 million people in the 20th century



This is expected to increase to 1 billion people in the 21st century



Global Cigarette Consumption (billions of cigarettes)

1880 1

1890 10

1900 10

1910 250

1920 400

1930 700

1940 1,000

1950 1,600

1960 2,100

1970 3,100

1980 4,400

1990 5,400

2000 5,800

2010 6,250



Timeline Of Tobacco



c. 16,000 BCE

Early humans first come into contact with tobacco plants

c. 5,000 BCE

Tobacco is first cultivated

c. 1 CE

Tobacco plants spread across all of the Americas

470-630

The Mayans scatter across the continent, spreading smoking with them

1492

Christopher Columbus discovers tobacco

The explorer is presented with dried tobacco leaves as gifts

He throws them away

1492

Explorer Rodrigo de Jerez, while in Cuba, becomes the first European smoker

1518

Fernando Cortez brings tobacco back to Spain

1530

The lower classes in Spain begin smoking an early version of the cigar

1531

Tobacco is first cultivated in Europe

16th Century

Tobacco use spreads across Europe and England

Often used as a currency

1571

Monardes, a Spanish doctor, claimed tobacco could cure 36 different illnesses

Examples: toothache, bad breath, worms, and falling fingernails

1604

England's King James I imposes the first heavy tax on tobacco

1665

During the plague, boys at Eton Public School were forced to smoke a pipe every morning for strength

17th Century

Tobacco becomes a regularly imported good in the UK

1795

A German doctor lins lip cancer with pipe smoking

1798

A US doctor writes extensively on the dangers of smoking

1815

The cigar first reaches the UK

House of Parliament establishes a smoking room

1828

Nicotine is discovered by scientists who claim it is a dangerous poison

1832

The paper-rolled cigarette is invented in Turkey

1864

First US cigarette factory opens

Late 19th Century

Cigarette manufacturing machines first developed

These could produce 200 cigarettes per minute

1908

Children's Act bans tobacco sales to youth under 16

1916

Cigarettes are included in the rations for soldiers in WWI

1925

Tobacco producers begin targeting women

Hollywood stars helped spread tobacco use by women

1939-1945

During WWII, President Roosevelt established tobacco as a protected crop

1947

Cigarette tax increased 43%

Cigarette consumption decreased 14% among British males

1950s

Doctors discover the link between smoking and lung cancer

1964

US Surgeon General confirms that smoking causes lung cancer

Advertising tobacco on television and radio is banned

Cigarette manufacturers are now required to place health warnings on cigarette packs

1971

The first bans on smoking in public transportation and cinemas are enacted

1984

National No Smoking Day is launched

1999

Smoking advertisements are banned in the UK

21st Century

A growing number of states and countries ban smoking in public places

More comprehensive awareness and quitting campaigns are launched HISTORY of SMOKING From first discovery to mass cultivation, tobacco smoking quickly grew into a global trend. But how did smoking become so popular? Track the origins of tobacco use and see how the leafy plant spread across the globe. SMOKING BY THE NUMBERS 80,000 to 100,000 ming ec dayl kids take up 1 billion Global number of cigarette smokers - 1.000 15 billion cigarettes are sold each day That's 10 million every minute! 1-1 million Half of cigarette users will die due to smoking-related illnesses Tobacco use killed 100 million people in the 20th century T-1 ilion This is expected to increase to 1 Oillion people in the 21st century GLOBAL CIGARETTE CONSUMPTION 6.500 6,000 5.500 5,000 4.500 4,000 3,500 3.000 2.500 2,000 1.500 1,000 500 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 TIMELINE OF TOBACCO C. 16,000 BCE C. 5,000 BCE C. 1 CE Early humans first come into contact with tobacco plants Tobacco is first cultivated Tobacco plants spread across all of the Americas 1492 1492 470 - 630 Explorer Rodrigo de Jerez, while in Cuba, becomes the first European smoker Christopher Columbus discovers tobacco The Mayans scatter across the continent, spreading smoking with them The explorer is presented with dried tobacco leaves as gifts He throws them away 1518 1530 1531 The lower classes in Spain begin smoking an early version of the cigar Tobacco is first cultivated in Europe Fernando Cortez brings tobacco back to Spain 16th 1604 1571 century England's King James I imposes the first heavy tax on tobacco Monardes, a Spanish doctor, claimed tobacco could cure 36 different illnesses Tobacco use spreads across Europe and England Often used as a currency Examples: toothache, bad breath, worms, and falling fingernails 17th 1665 1795 century During the plague. boys at Eton Public School were forced to smoke a pipe every morning for strength Tobacco becomes a regularly imported good in the UK A German doctor links lip cancer with pipe smoking 1828 1815 1798 Nicotine is discovered by scientists who claim it is a dangerous poison A US doctor writes extensively on the dangers of smoking The cigar first reaches the UK House of Parliament establishes a smoking room late 19th 1832 1864 century The paper-rolled cigarette is invented in Turkey First US cigarette factory opens Cigarette manufacturing machines first developed These could produce 200 cigarettes per min 1925 1916 1908 Cigarettes are included in the rations for soldiers in WWI Children's Act bans tobacco sales to youth under 16 Tobacco producers begin targeting women Hollywood stars helped spread tobacco use by women 1T 1947 1950s 1939 - 1945 During WWII, President Roosevelt established tobacco as a protected crop Cigarette tax increased 43% Doctors discover the link between smoking and lung cancer Cigarette consumption decreased 14% among British males 1984 1971 1964 The first bans on smoking in public transportation and cinemas are enacted National No Smoking Day is launched US Surgeon General confirms that smoking causes lung cancer Advertising tobacco on television and radio is banned Cigarette manufacturers are now required to place health warnings on cigarette packs 21st 1999 century Smoking advertisements are banned in the UK A growing number of states and countries ban smoking in public places More comprehensive awareness and quitting campaigns are launched SOURCES http://www.cancer .org/aboutus/globalhealth/globaltabaccocontrol/the-globel-tobacco-epidemic http://quitsmoking about corm/cs/antismoking/alstatistics.htm http://www.cancer org/aboutus/globalhealth/globaltobaccocontrol/the global-tobacco-epidemic http://www.gasporggg/history-of-srmokinghtm http://www.cancercouncil.com.au/31899/reduce-risks/smoking-reduce-risks/tobacco-facts/a-brief-history-of -smoking/?pp-31899 http://www.randomhistory.com/2009/01/31_tobaccohtml http//archive.tobecco.org/History/Tobacco_historyhtml billions of cigarettes

History of Smoking

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The History of Smoking from 16,000 BCE until today, where quit smoking programs were launched. Also learn about the statistics of smoking by the numbers

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