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The History of the Internet

0010101010001010010110 Historyofthelnternet001010 010110101100101011101101 '62 J.C. R. Licklider (1915-1990) introduced the idea of an 'lIntergalactic Network.' His idea involved a global computer network that allowed everyone to access information from anywhere in the world. He became head of Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA), convincing his successors of the importance of the network. '74 "Internet" Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn used the term in a Transmission Control Protocol paper. '76 Dr. Robert Metcalfe invented Ethernet, coaxial cables that quickly transport data. Ethernet was an important aspect in developing Local Area Networks (LAN), which is a computer network that covers a small area, like a home, office, or school. '78 SPAM Gary Thuerk sent the first spam email to 400 users of ARPANET advertising his DEC's new range of minicomputers. '83 On January 1, 1983, every machine connected to ARPANET was required to use TCP/P (Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol). This became the core of the Internet. '84 .com Dr. Jon Postel described his idea for .com, .org, .gov, .edu, and .mil in a series of papers published by the Internet Engineering Task Force. Dennis Jennings joined the National Science Foundation and determines that TCPAP should be mandatory for the entire NSFNET program. When Steve Wolff took over a year later, he determined that the academic/research community needed a something outside of government funding. They would need a Wide Area Network (WAN), which connects LAN. '87 CompuServe accidentally released the Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) image, CompuServe not knowing there was a patent pending on the technology. The World, an Internet Service Provider (ISP), offered the first commercial dial-up internet. Netom, which 68. was established in 1988, did not serve the public until after The World. Also founded in 1989, Panix was the third ISP. '92 Corporation for Research and Educational Networking (CREN) released the World Wide Web. NSFNET is upgraded to 44.739 Mbps. '93 Marc Andreessen, NCSA, and the University of Illinois developed "Mosaic for X," a graphical interface for the World Wide Web. Mosaic was the MOSAIC first widely used internet browser. Marc Andreessen later founded Netscape in 1994. His company also developed Secure Socket Layer (SSL), which encrypts and secures sensitive data. It's still today. '94 Pizza Hut offered Pizza Hut. online ordering through their website. '95 ebY Pierre Omidyar released AuctionWeb, which later became eBay. The NSA, overwhelmed with new hosts, determined that as of April 30, 1995, they would no longer allow access to the NSF backbone. Instead, four providers could lease access. An annual fee was imposed for all domains, except those used by the government (.gov) or educational institutions (.edu). INTERNET. Internet2 is released. Internet2 is a network of research 96. and education institutions. Hotmail is launched. Microsoft bought hotmail for $400 million the following year. hotmail. '98 Google receives funding Google! from Andy Bechtolsheim (Sun Microsystems) becoming Google Technology Incorporated. '99 Wi-fi, wireless internet technology, is standardized. Sean Fanning created What's Next For and released his infamous Napster. He was 18. Napster '00 The Dot-com bubble burst, falling drastically after peaking at 5,048.62 on the NASDAQ. '01 Wikipedia is launched, eventually changing domains from .com to .org. '03 Apple launched the iTunes Store with only 200,000 songs. Within 24 hours, they'd sold a quarter of a million songs. '04 GMail On April 1, 2004, Google announced the launch of Gmail, which would offer 1GB of storage. Because Hotmail and Yahoo were by Google only offering 2MB and 4MB respectively, some people thought it was an April Fool's joke. '05 YouTube is launched, revolutionizing web-based videos. Google bought YouTube for $1.6 billion the following year. You Tube Ewitter Dom Sagolla released Twitter. 90. Facebook, once exclusive to college students, is made available to everyone. facebook. Mobile data traffic exceeded voice traffic every single month. 60. Globally, mobile data exceeded an exabyte (a billion gigabytes) for the first time. 10100101101011001100 Sources: · Licklider • • • history-339292301.htm? mobile%2Binternet%2Bhistory%26aq%3Df%26aqi%3Dg1%26aq%3D%26oq%3D%26gs_rfai%3D Design by Jason Powers

The History of the Internet

shared by kevin on Mar 23
Traces the extremely interesting and elaborate history of the internet from 1962-2009.


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