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History of the Electric Car

History of the Electric Acollection of significantvehicles powered only by electricity 1832? bert Andeon Escoriond Price of gasoline per gallon 1861 - 2008 Displayed in 2tcentury doltars 1861:$3.50+ 1884 Thomas Park Coyland Throughout history. hobbyists, inventors, and corporations have replaced the Internal Combustion Engines of production automobiles with electric motors to create "electric" cars. In this graphic, we're focusing on those automobiles which were designed, from the ground up, to be powered by electricity only. 1891 Holer Cabot Amaico Plo MA 1900 tlece Compony 1832-1930 Many claim to be the inventor of the electric car, but there are reports that sometime between 1832 and l1839, the first car powered by batteries hit the streets of Scotland. The unreliable Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) and the cost of gasoline gave electric vehicles the advantage. By 1900, 28% of the autos in the U.S. are electric. The interest 1912 Standard lectrie tourer andad ctric Compan Jackson M waned, however, when improvements to the ICE were made, gasoline became less expensive, and Ford's Model Twas introduced. Detroit Eleci Dmot Elect Car Compony 1922 1959 Henney Kilowam Hiney Monr Compory Con N hma, 4milemange Evor om 1949-1995 While many inventors and hobbyists continued to explore electric power, serious product development was nearly nonexistent until the late 50s Around the world, a few companies created small fleets of electric delivery vehicles with limited success. The Arab Oil Embargo, as well as Congressional bills aimed at curbing pollution levels and foreign oil dependency, sparked renewed interest in electric vehicles in the mid 1970s. However, battery technology lagged far behind the goals of electric vehicle manufacturers, seriously impeding their ability to create vehicles with mass appeal. Gasoline was expensive, but electric vehicles had limited range and toolt too long to recharge. 1974 CisCar SPRw ntc. Sebring Vng e, Sebring Sdmph alema ng 1973: 51.90 1990 1974 Panda Elea Ekar Fiet Turin a Zagats aly 25mph/mar, Smlemacone MM tyten mah/ma, 40milemaxange Hkw ystem 1992 Ecostar Ford Motor Compory Detroit M 0mph/max, 110milemax ang 1997 EVI Ara Nsan Monors Aean 0mphmar, 120miemaange EV Plus General Monors Company. Denoit 0mph/max, 7S milemange MSWhe1oh KOmlemaxange 62kntem 1999 Spaow Corbin Mators Hal, CA 70mph/ma, 40mile ma ang 20ytem 2008 Tuds Tesla Roaduter Trala Motors Palo Aha CA 125mph/max, 24milemang Ssystem 2008: $4.00+ 1997 Present Due to Congressional mandates aimed at the major reduction of automobile pollution, manufacturers had to begin the development of zero-emission vehicles. Several models were introduced in 1997 by major automobile brands, and while they gained popularity and cult status, most were phased out due to high maintenance costs as well as continued gains were made to lCE vehicle's mileage. At the end of the 20th century, America's taste for large SUVS grew, even as the price of fuel crept higher. Advances in battery technology allowed for smaller automobile manufacturers to take the lead in electric car development, and vehicles with improved performance and ranges are starting to appear on the streets. While most domestic manufacturers are developing hybrid technologies, foreign auto makers are readying several all-electric models for mass production. 2011 Aptera e Apte Motors V CA 20 mph/max. 100mile ma 20k syte 2011 Rte darrighe Subanu Motors apon Leal Nsan Moor Apen ph/max, 100mlemaange 20kym mph/max S0mlemax ange kw ystem IMiev Miubis Monors. Apen 0mph/max, 100mile maxrange J6kw ntem Hybrid Technology EVTechnology Aomeries pplyoumenro While great strides have been made in the performance and charging time of electric vehicles, their higher cost to purchase and maintain limits their consumer base. Thus, hybrid technology vehicles are currently being prepared for delivery to the public by most auto manufacturers. Typicaly, hybrid vehicles are powered by electrical motors that initially run from current stored in on-board batteries. When the charge in the batteries is depleted, a small ICE is activated (fueled by gasoline, ethanol, hydrogen, etc.) which supplies current to drive the electric motor as well as recharge the batteries. Hybrid technology provides unlimited driving range, better performance then most of today's electric vehicles, greatly improved emissions, as well as effective mileages well over 100 mpg. Hybrid vehicles will allow the auto manufacturing industry - as well as the gasoline supply and delivery infrastructure - a bridge between old carbon-based fuels and newer, altermative fuel technologies. power elecmotor. When the bateies oeegy they mustbe edaront Electric Motor Batteries Hybrid Technology uwis intially spply INFO GRAPHIC WORLD Small IKE cument to power ele mo. When the bemees Aseenengyamal KE Electric Motor Batteries activotedand powea Generator generotor to de the electic motorand ncharge the sperebomeries

History of the Electric Car

shared by youcom on Nov 27
This infographic provides a thorough history of the electric cars and the first notable electric cars invented. It shows how the technology developed to the point of building the first hybrid car.


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