Transcript

Geek Cities

H GEEK CITIES T. AROUND THE WORLD, CITIES INCREASINGLY ARE USING DATA AND EVIDENCE TO BETTER SERVE THEIR CITIZENS. BUT TAKING AN EVIDENCE-FIRST APPROACH DOESN'T ALWAYS COME EASY FOR CITY GOVERNMENTS, AND IT IS UP TO MUNICIPAL LEADERS--AND CITIZENS--TO RAISE THE CALL TO HEED THE DATA Key elements: Results to date: MEASURE MIAMI #1 Over last several Strategic plans link to scorecards for each administrator, district leader, and principal. These scorecards help administrators, principals, teachers, and students set goals and map strategies to achieve them. WHAT years, Miami-Dade ranked among MATTERS the top districts in Florida in improving test scores among Hispanic and black students. ACTIONS FOR ACTIONS FOR FEDERAL, STATE, CITY LEADERS AND PHILANTHROPIC Over the past decade, Miami-Dade Public Schools developed a single coherent system for tracking progress and investing in continuous improvement. Graduation rates for Hispanic PARTNERS TO and black students increased SUPPORT CITIES faster in Miami-Dade than in Miami-Dade Public other urban districts nationally, increasing 14% from 2006 to 2009. Schools (MDCPS) uses data to improve academic performance and graduation rates Teachers and administrators receive training on how to use the district's comprehensive data warehouse; parents and students can access relevant portions of the data through a web portal. City leaders should prioritize outcomes instead of just outputs. The leaders we profiled often started by focusing on results for Fund local data infrastructure and know-how. To make wiser decisions, cities need reliable access to one or a handful of issues, such as infant health, kindergarten readiness, or school data at a level granular enough that they can identify and prioritize needs and measure Key elements: Results to date: attendance. CEO has facilitated more than Launched in 2006, the Center for Economic Opportunity (CEO) is a special unit within the Mayor's Office focused on fighting the cycle of poverty and improving results across city agencies. BUILD THE 30,000 job placements and 10,000 paid internships, and supported the enrollment of over 10,000 people in college or ocupational training. NY CITY program effectiveness. #2 EVIDENCE BASE CEO has helped individuals CEO designs, pilots, and oversees rigorous evaluations of each program to determine their effectiveness in reducing poverty, encouraging savings, and empowering low-income workers to advance their careers. access over $100 million in additional tax credits. Through the federal government's Social Innovation Fund, CEO has also raised $85 million from public and private sources to replicate five of its most successful programs around the Build the capacity and culture to sustain a New York City's Center for Economic focus on data and Continue to build the Opportunity identifies 5% CEO has dedicated more than five percent of its $100 million budget to understand and act on evidence of what works. evidence. To get beyond business as usual, consistent pressure pipeline and support the replication of promising solutions. For more cities to and scales what works to fight poverty. country. and clear invest in what works, the menu of promising models must continue communication are needed, not just by a city's chief executive but also at other levels. to expand. Key elements: Results to date: The Baltimore City Health Department and the Family League of Baltimore launched B'More for Healthy Babies in 2009, offering a comprehensive range of services for pregnant and postpartum women, infants, and children. The implementation of B'More for INVEST IN Healthy coincided with decrease in infant mortality in Baltimore City. In 2012, the city reached the lowest infant mortality rate the city has ever recorded. BALTIMORE Babies has # 3 WHAT sharp WORKS In 2012, B'More for Healthy Babies led a citywide transition to evidence-based home visiting practices. Baltimore shifted funding from an array of home visiting providers and practices to two models with the most evidence of success. Help take advantage of existing research and Build the systems and The disparity processes required to determine and invest in support evaluation. While budget between white and black infant mortality rates also decreased significantly. what works. This does Baltimore's B'More for pressures may limit the ability of cities to not necessarily mean Healthy Babies uses evidence-based The effort has been buoyed by federal funding through the Affordable Care Act's Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program (MIECHV), which has provided $1.5 billion over five years. that cities need to conduct full scale programs to reduce infant mortality. invest heavily to build data platforms. Most of the examples we highlight are innovative in process rather than platform. Cities can evaluations of their programs, the federal government and philanthropy can help to test and distribute new methods of assessing also learn from and more quickly and inexpensively when a program is working. adopt existing standards and frameworks created Key elements: Results to date: elsewhere. BUDGET #4 Baltimore City launched its "Outcome Budgeting" process in 2009, budgeting by priority outcomes (like "better schools" and "safer streets") rather than by departments. Even with serious budget shortfalls, BALTIMORE FOR WHAT Baltimore has WORKS moved from across-the-board reductions and has increased For each outcome, the city created "Results Teams" of 10A department officials, technical experts, budget analysts, and funding for proven programs, eliminated unproven services, and allocated resources to an citizens. Innovation Fund. A new way of budgeting in Baltimore dramatically The goal is to strategically direct more resources to the programs and services that are most effective at achieving the city's outcome goals, and to de-fund programs that are under-performing. Find the right organizational changes how funding decisions are made Fund critical technical structure to sustain assistance for city government, helping cities to translate change, whether this means that the initiative is located in the Mayor's office, a city department, a For more information on this report, including data on programs from other cities including Denver, San Antonio, London and Providence, please visit: research findings and training city staff to use data and www.bridgespan.org/Geek-Cities-Data-Improves-Lives cross-agency task force, or a public-private partnership. evaluation. и The Bridgespan Group

Geek Cities

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Around the world, cities increasingly are using data and evidence to better serve their citizens. But taking an evidence-first approach doesn't always come easy for city governments, and it is up to m...

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