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Evolution of the Television 1926 to 2010

1920's 1930's 1940's 1950's 1960's 1970's 1980's 1990's 2000's 2010's The United States returns to peace time production. The first televised heavyweight fight (Joe Louis vs Billy Conn), viewed by a record 140,000 (mostly at bars which had sets installed). One year later, the Louis-Walcott fight is viewed by 1,000,000 people. One of television's critics, Darryl F. Zanuck, head of 20th Century Fox (movies) was quoted saying: "Television won't be able to hold on to any market it captures after the first six months. People will soon get tired of staring at a plywood box every night." May 9th - Hourglass, the first hour-long musical variety show, airs over NBC's three stations (New York City, Schenectady and Philadelphia). Approximately 10,000 units sold by the end of the year, with about 43,000 sold of this model before production ends in 1949. About two dozen different TV set models are on sale, ranging from Pilot's 3" set at $100, to DuMont's 20" set at $2,495 ($28,000 in today's money!). The introduction of efficient fiber optic cable in 1970 by Corning's Robert Maurer, Donald Keck, and Peter Schultz improved the delivery of television programming to 27 Stations in 18 different cities are in full operation. American homes and businesses. Television production begins to rev-up. By July of 1948, estimates are that 350,000 TV sets are in operation in the USA. 3/4 of these are in the eastern network cities, and These transparent rods of glass or plastic are stretched so they are long and flexible and transmit information digitally using rapid pulses of light. This breakthrough work allowed cable to be created that could carry 65,000 times more information than half are around New York City. conventional copper wire. Only one in ten Americans has seen a television set up to this point. While cable was around in 1970, those living in the country still had to use an antenna to receive television broadcasts. Presidential candidates John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon debate live on television. In addition to being the first presidential debates Cable television originated in the United States almost simultaneously in Arkansas, Oregon and Pennsylvania in 1948 to enhance poor reception of over-the-air television signals in mountainous or geographically remote areas. "Community antennas" were erected on mountain tops or other high points, and homes were connected to the antenna towers to receive the broadcast signals. The first commercial LED backlit LCD CO Arch Oboler states that Within a decade all movies will TV was the Sony Qualia 005. be in three dimensions, supplanting the absurdity of 2D movies in a 3D world as the electric light supplanted the gaslight. to be broadcast on television, the debates also marked the first time "split screen" images were used by a network. Sharp announced the successful manufacture of a 65" panel. The Blu-ray Disc physical specifications were completed. Charles Dolan and Gerald Levin of Sterling Manhattan Cable launched the nation's first pay-TV network, Home Box Office (HBO). This venture led to the creation of The 1st transatlantic reception of a television signal via the HEO The first Blu-ray players were shipped in mid- June 2006. April: 5,343,000 TV sets are in American Homes TELSTAR satellite. a national satellite distribution 60 October: 8,000,000 TV sets - 107 stations On January 23, 1926, John Logie Baird (of Scotland) gave the world's first public demonstration of a mechanical television apparatus to approximately 40 members of the Royal Institution at his laboratory on Frith Street. These were images of living human faces, not outlines or silhouettes, with complete tonal gradations of light and shade. Almost 800 cable systems serv- ing 850,000 subscribers were in business. Well-known corporate names like Westinghouse, TelePrompTer and Cox began investing in the business. system that used a newly approved domestic satellite transmission. The first Blu-ray Disc titles were released on June 20: 50 First Dates, The Fifth Element, Blu-ray Disc Hitch, House of Flying Daggers, Underworld: Evolution, xXx (all Sony), and MGM's The Terminator. Half of all americans have a color television. Phillips Corporation introduced video cassette recording (VCR) for the home. Devices including MediaFLO were first introduced by LG and Samsung at CES 2006 in Las Vegas. The Hughes DIRECTV Satellite System was launched. These systems provided great pictures and stereo sound on 150-200 video and audio channels, and the small digital satellite TV dish era began in a serious way. The monochrome plasma video display was co- invented in 1964 at the University The first domestic North American satellite to carry television was Canada's geostationary Anik 1, was launched. The Jenkins Radio-TV Receiver - Model JD30 - JAN 1st: unit provided only the sound and the electrical signal to drive a separate R-400 display unit. The R-400 display unit housed a motor-driven pinhole scanning disk and neon lamp. The first On January 4, 2008, a day before CES 2008, Warner Bros. (the only major studio still releasing movies in both HD DVD and Blu- ray Disc format) announced that it would release only in Blu-ray Disc after May 2008. This led to a chain reaction in the industry, with major U.S. retailers such as Best Buy, Wal-Mart, and Circuit City and Canadian chains national coast-to- HD DVD, The first active-matrix liquid crystal display (LCD) panel was produced in the United States by Westinghouse, in Pittsburgh, PA. coast color- of Illinois at cast takes Urbana- place, with the broad- cast of the Champaign by Donald Bitzer, H. Sony introduced the Betamax format of VCR in 1976 at a suggested retail price SUMMER: The Berlin Olympics are televised by Telefunken (using RCA equipment) and Fernseh (using Farnsworth equipment). Gene Slottow, and graduate student Robert Willson for the PLATO Computer System. The original neon orange monochrome Digivue display "Tourna- such as Future Shop dropping HD DVD in their stores. ment of Roses Sharp displayed a 108" LCD panel under the AQUOS brand name at CES in Las Vegas. EchoStar's Dish Network Parade" went online in the United from Pasadena, California to 21 network RCA gives its first television demonstration in four years. The system is all-electronic, 343 lines, 30 frames per second. panels built by glass producer States. stations. There were only 200 RCA elec- tronic color television sets (Model 5 - experimental) able to view the show. This is acknowledged as the first day American television officially changed from black-and-white to color. Owens-lllinois were very popular in the early 1970s because they were rugged and needed neither memory nor circuitry to refresh the images. A long period of sales decline occurred in the late 1970s because semiconduc- At the 2010 Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S., North America Panasonic introduced their 152" 2160p 3D plasma. PBS was the 1st network to deliver all its programming via PBS satellite instead of landlines. tor memory made CRT displays cheaper than the US$2500 512 x 512 PLATO plasma displays. Nonetheless, the plasma displays' relatively large screen size and 1 inch thickness made First color commercial by Pall Mall cigarettes PUBLIC BROADCASTING SERVICE From 1984 through 1992, the cable industry spent more than $15 billion on the wiring of America, and billions more on program development. This was the largest private construction project since World War I. Commercial HDTV All commercial production of television equipment is sets began to appear in the RCA Launches COLOR Television, with the sale of the CT-100, at $1,000 a copy. Less than 5,000 sell the first year. banned for the remainder of them suitable for high-profile placement in lobbies and stock exchanges. consumer market the war. Broadcasting continued, with a few hours in the late afternoon and evening. No new sets were designed or built. In March, the NTSC recommended the January 20 - John F. Kennedy is the first U.S. president to be sworn in, in a color telecast. NBC covers the On April 2, 2009, Netflix announced that it had mailed its two billionth DVD, and awarded the recipient with a complimentary lifetime membership. NHK, the Japanese National Broadcasting company, showed their 1,125 line HDTV system to the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers at their Winter conference in San Francisco. This was a major breakthrough in the visual quality of television pictures because the sharpness of a television picture is a function of the number of lines per screen - the more lines the sharper and more vivid the image. Primestar launched Philips introduced a 42-inch (107 cm) display, with as the first North Bell Telephone Labs and AT&T give a Television Now USA public mechanical television Reality: Device demonstration over both wire and radio Demonstrated circuits. The demonstration was Thm Sde directed by Dr. Herbert Ives and Dr. Cariel by Pa Frank Gray. Pictures and sound were 852x480 resolution. It was the only plasma to be displayed to the retail public in 4 Sears locations in the US. The price was US$14,999 and included in-home installation. American DBs inauguration in color. service. standard of 525 lines and 30 frames per second be adopted as the standard in the USA. Toshiba announced it would end production of HD DVD devices, allowing Blu-ray Disc to become the industry standard for high- density optical discs. ali RELI oF VEARS Sent by wire from Washington D.C., to of EXPERINENT New York City. A wireless demonstration Nw Yu Wakiag also occurred 22 miles away, from !lO!! Fujitsu introduced the first 42-inch (107 cm) sma display; it had 852x480 resolution and was progressively scanned. July 1st - Commercial broadcasting finally authorized by the FCC to start on this date. NBC begins with a 10 second "Bulova" (watch) commercial. This first commercial, which simply showed the face of a watch, gave the network a profit of $7.00. CBS, DuMont and others start commercials in the Fall. Pioneer Electronics announces it is ending production of plasma screens televisions - this is widely considered the tipping point in that technology's history. Whippany, New Jersey, to New York City. Netflix is established. It has amassed a collection of 100,000 42,000,000 American homes have television, some have 2 sets already Home Box Office (HBO) launches on the Service Electric cable system in Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania, delivered on videotape. Owned by Sterling Communications HBO charges subscribers $8 a month-as much as they pay for a basic tier of up to 12 channels. Under Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulations designed to protect the terrestrial ('free') TV broadcast window, pay TV channels are allowed to buy only films less than two or more than 10 years old. titles on DVD and surpassed 14 million subscribers. The company has more than 89 million discs and, on average, ships 2 million DVDS to customers each day. NETFLIX In November 2009 FLOTV introduced the FLOTV Personal Television mobile device (model PTV-350). Measuring 3 inches by 4.4 inches by 0.5 inches and weighing just over 5 ounces, it has a 3.5 inch capacitive touchscreen. September 12th: Bonanza becomes the first Western in color Pearl Harbor RCA sells 90,000 color TV sets bombed. CBS televises news of the attack. World RCA sells 20,000 color TV sets - most all are 21" models. War-ll begins for the US. February 25, 2007, Netflix announced the billionth DVD delivery. HBO bought the rights to live transmission of the "The Thrilla in Manila," the heavyweight championship fight between Muhammad Ali In the 4Q of 2007 for the first time LCD televisions surpassed Plasma CRT units in worldwide sales as and Joe Frazier. While the LCD televisions become more popular. At the opening ceremonies of the World's Fair, FDR is the first president to be televised. TV sets go on sale next day. RCA (NBC) begin broadcasts on a daily basis. broadcast networks would have to wait a day or so for tapes of the fight to be flown in, subscribing cable viewers saw this historic fight as it was happening. Verizon launched MediaFLO commercially as part of its VCAST offering on March 1, 2007, marketing the MediaFLO-specific technology/service as "VCAST TV". hTC IMAGIO Approximately 19,000 television sets are operating in England - Less than a few hundred in the USA. 50% of Americans now have a COLGATE COMEDY television set (25,233,000 homes) RCA launched its TRK-12 in April 1939 at $600 (about $7,000 in today's money) The first program to be broadcast in RCA electronic compatible color is the November 22nd showing of The Colgate Comedy Hour Both the coronation of King George VI and the the Wimbledon tennis tournament are televised in England. 9,000 sets sold. 1926 13,000,000 television sets in the USA SEPTEMBER 4th: First coast-to-coast telecast (President Truman speaks) to 2010 television evolution of the By August, 2,000,000 sets in US, with 720,000 in New York city alone. RCA steps up the development of its all-electronic color system. Laws prohibiting the installation of TVs in automobiles are enacted. November 6th -- Meet the Press premieres on NBC's local Washington station. Went network on Nov 20th. October 5th -- Harry Truman becomes the first president to make an address to the public on TV from the White House. He discusses the international food crisis, proposing meatless Tuesdays. December 29th -- Howdy Doody Time begins its first broadcast on NBC. About 44,000 TV sets in the US, vs 40 million radios. May 7th -- Kraft Television Theatre starts on NBC, becoming the first commercial TV dramatic series. September 30 -- First telecast of a World Series game. NY Yankees vs. Brooklyn Dodgers. 1926 1927 1932 1936 1937 1939 1941 1942 1947 1946 1949 1948 1951 1950 1953 1954 1955 1961 096 1964 1970 1972 1975 1976 1978 1991 1994 9666 1997 1998 2004 2007 900 2008 6007 2010

Evolution of the Television 1926 to 2010

shared by SterlingSatellite on Oct 08
How much has TV changed since 1926? A lot. How much did the first TV cost? When did TV news rise to importance? How much did the first commercial profit NBC? and many more...


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