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Everything You Need to Know About Web Hosting

http:// THE ULTIMATE GUIDE TO WEB HOSTING So you're ready to start a website. CONGRATULATIONS! And now, you need to host your website somewhere. But what does that even mean, and how do you get started? Here's a guide to help you through the process. FIRST, SOME DEFINITIONS The transmission capacity of an electronic communications device or system Bandwidth GBS Gigabytes; 1 gigabyte = 1,000,000,000 bytes A computer or device on a network that manages network resources Server Domain name The name of your website; example: Top-level domain What comes after the "dot" in a web address; examples: .com, .net, .edu, .biz, etc. Administrative access to a server; basically, the ability to control your server Root access WHAT IS WEB HOSTING? In simple terms, web hosting just means: WHERE YOU PUT YOUR WEBSITE TO MAKE IT ACCESSIBLE ON THE INTERNET WHAT IS RAM? RAM STANDS FOR RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY ! THINK OF RAM LIKE YOUR OFFICE DESK The larger your desk is, the more stuff you can put on it without it piling up. The more RAM you have, the more tasks you can perform simultaneously. WHAT IS A CDN? A CONTENT DELIVERY NETWORK A CDN puts files in different locations so the person using your website receives the latest copy of it quickly. DO I NEED A CDN? You need a CDN if: • You plan to stream large video files • Your site will be image-heavy 000 000 000 You don't need one if you're planning a simpler, text-based site. If you decide to purchase a CDN, Cloudflare and Amazon Cloudfront are two popular and reliable options. WHAT ARE SSD AND HDD? HDD STANDS FOR HARD DISK DRIVE ! This is the traditional hard drive we've always known, which stores data on platters. SSD SSD STANDS FOR SOLID STATE DRIVE ! This much newer type of drive stores data on microchips rather than platters. Because it doesn't rely on any physical moving parts, SSD is much faster than HDD. WHAT IS A NAMESERVER? A nameserver translates domain names (e.g. into IP addresses that your computer can understand. Amazon's Route 53 is a great nameserver to use. IP WHICH TYPE OF HOSTING IS RIGHT FOR ME? There are four main types of web hosting: SHARED (~$3.95/MONTH) With shared hosting, your website is on the same server as many other sites. UPSIDES: Cheap and minimal tech knowledge required $ DOWNSIDES: No root access; plus, because there may be many sites on the same server sharing the same resources, your site performance can be affected by the other sites on your server WORDPRESS.COM (~$99.99/YEAR) UPSIDES: No technical knowledge required DOWNSIDES: Less control over your server VIRTUAL PRIVATE SERVER (VPS) (~$29.99/MONTH) A server is divided into"virtual servers." Each website is hosted on its own virtual server but still shares resources with other sites. UPSIDES: Still cheap and has root access ($$ DOWNSIDES: Limited ability to deal with heavy site traffic, and your site can still be affected by other sites on your server DEDICATED (~$99.99/MONTH) Your website is the only one stored on the server. UPSIDES: Your site's performance won't be affected by other sites DOWNSIDES: Expensive OOOEO CLOUD HOSTING (-$25/MONTH BUT CAN VARY GREATLY DEPENDING ON YOUR NEEDS) With cloud hosting, a "cloud," or team of servers, works together to host a group of websites. UPSIDES: Unlimited ability to handle high traffic volumes DOWNSIDES: Somewhat expensive, and some cloud host setups don't allow root access HOW MUCH SERVER SPACE DO I NEED? For most people, a shared hosting plan will probably suit you just fine. A typical shared hosting account includes 10 GB of storage That's enough to house more than 1 million HTML documents and over 3,000 high-resolution photos. WHAT'S THE DEAL WITH DOMAINS? After you decide on a domain name, you'll need to register it. A few of the most popular domain registrars are: HOW DO I CHOOSE A HOSTING SERVICE? Ask your web host a few key questions before deciding on one. • What are its server backup protocols? (This is important so you don't lose critical data.) • Is there scalability, meaning can you expand your space at a later time if you choose to? • Are there any limitations to the types of software you can install or run? It's important to choose a plan that's right for your website. Tell your potential host about what you plan to run on your website, what you're willing to spend, and how much RAM and bandwidth you anticipate needing. If you're unsure, tell them about your website and ask them for their recommendations! fat Wal/et acom

Everything You Need to Know About Web Hosting

shared by fatwalletig on Nov 22
Do you know how to select web hosting service? How about registering a new domain name? Check out the ultimate guide on how to make sense of everything related with web hosting and domain names by Fat...



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