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Decade of Storage: From USB to Cloud Storage

Data DECADE OF STORAGE RSH C8.08.08 TIMELINE RACKSPACE® GLANCE AT LAST TEN YEARS OF DATA STORAGE To store a gigabyte's worth of data just 20 years ago required a 500-pound machine the size of a refrigerator. Today, we carry gigabytes of data around in our pockets in our smart phones, mp3 players, and laptops. Much of the advancements in storage technology have happened in the last decade as the size and price of storage have impacted consumer technology and how businesses manage data. 8Mb USB Drive ipod 2000 iPod Playlists Browse Extras • Commercial production of the USB (Universal Serial Bus) flash drive capable of holding 8MB of memory - that's 5x more than floppies at the time. Today you can get USB flash drives with up to 256GB (portable drive). The USB flash drives solid state design also one-upped floppies by eliminating the moving parts that made the floppies prone to damage. • Apple's iPodMP3 player with 5GB (about 1000 songs) hits the consumer market selling 125.000 units in less than two months. In 2003, Apple launches iTunes, an online digital music storage service. Today, an iPod Touch can store up to 64GB. Settings ADout • The "I Love You" virus is unleashed. The virus eventually costs consumers over $10 billion becoming the most expensive computer virus in history. The resulting data loss from the virus' damage underscores the value of backing up data. 2001 • CD-Rs and CD-RWs sell three billion units. The discs can hold up to 750MB of memory per disc. In the meantime, sales of floppy disks drop to 1.8 million. • Despite fears of planes plunging from the sky and massive data loss, the Y2K bug doesn't shut down the worlds' computing systems. The fears were based on the notion that computers would be unable to shift from the year 1999 to 2000 without massive chaos. • The original Xbox released by Microsoft. The Xbox was the first game console with a built-in 10GB hard disk drive, reducing the need for memory cards. It sells 1.5 million units by the end of the year. APPROX. PRICE PER GB $19.70' > • Bram Cohen authors the peer-to-peer (P2P) Bit Torrent protocol, BitTorrent. The protocol is used to power many popular download sites, like Shareaza and LimeWire and continues to drive the need for more consumer-end storage capability. • Development begins on blu-ray disks after years of squabbling about patent ownership of the small blue diodes needed for production. Blu-rays replace DVD red laser technology with shorter wavelength blue rays capable of holding up to 25GB (single layer) & 50GB (dual layer). < APPROX. PRICE PER GB $7.30' • The Internet turns 20. The adoption of TCP/IP protocol in 1983 offered greater access and laid the groundwork for expanding the Internet to the Memorex 15 O 2002 ) World Wide Web it is today. BD-R 25 GB's! • DVD-R DL using dual layer technology to double disc capacity from 4.7GB to 8.5GB is displayed. That's the equivalent of 12 CD-Rs on each side. • The one billionth PC is sold. This milestone comes 27 years after the introduction of Sphere I considered the world's first PC shipped with 4KB of RAM. • The floppy disk drive becomes obsolete. Dell follows Apple by not including floppy drives in PCs in favor of CD-rewritable drives. mere • Apple introduces the completely redesigned iMac G4 with a swivel monitor, compact base, and 60GB of storage. This comes 20 years after Apple became the first computer company in the world to hit 1 billion in sales. RIP • The BlackBerry 5810 is released. It becomes the first mainstream mobile phone with talk and data transmission capabilities. The phone allowed users to manage multiple email accounts and came with up to 4GB. 2003 APPROX. PRICE PER GB $4.31' > < APPROX. PRICE PER GB $2.58' • Worldwide sales of CD audio, CD-ROM, and CD-R reach about 30 billion discs. Today, sales have dropped 50% due to the ease of flash drives and other storage media. • IBM introduces the Millipede chip able to hold one trillion bits of data per square inch. The chip stores • 300,000 US households own a network storage device. By 2010, the number jumps to 10 million. data using thousands of levers about 10 microm- eters wide instead of the traditional magnetic disks found in hard drives. 2004 ) . "Me at the Zoo" is the first video uploaded to You flickr facebook Tube. Holding about 45TB of data, You Tube stores over 14 billion videos with 34,560 hours of video uploaded daily. • Facebook, and Flickr launch. These sites represented a new breed of social websites specializing in storing massive amounts of user data. First vided > APPROX. PRICE PER GB $1.94' > You Tube >40 002 /d10 Cloud computing introduces the idea of securely storing unlimited amounts of data without physical, onsite hardware. 2005 • Thirty years prior, Paul Allen and Bill Gates form Microsoft to sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800. Eventually, Microsoft would produce Windows, the most-used home computing operating system in the world. CLoud < APPROX. PRICE PER GB $0.75 2006 • First 1TB hard drives ship. At the time, it was the largest capacity hard drive available. • Twitter launches with the first tweet: "Just setting up my Twttr" from co-founder of Twitter. Today, Twitter handles over 65 million tweets and about 800,000 search queries per day. • Storage demand tips 12EB (exabytes). Data stored in digital formats accounts for 92% of that growth, • The iPhone is introduced by Apple at Macworld. The iPhone is credited with popularizing the multi-touch screen phone, the first phone to come with its own operating system, and the only phone with access to the popular Apps Store. The first iPhone included 8GB of flash memory and the recently released iPhone 4 comes with as much as 32GB. APPROX. PRICE PER GB $0.50' > • U.S. households consume about 3.6 zettabytes of information in 2008. That's the equivalent of 100,500 words and 34GB gigabytes per person. 4-16 GB'S 2007-O 2008 < APPROX. PRICE PER GB $0.40' 3.6 zettabytes per Home! • The G1 becomes the first smart phone powered by the Android operating system. The original units shipped with just 2GB of storage. • Micro holographic storage material able to hold 500GB of data on a DVD-size disc is unveiled. • Elastic Utility Computing Architecture for Linking Your Programs To Useful Systems, commonly known as Eucalyptus is offered ushering in the era of cloud computing. Eucalyptus was the first open source API for deploying private clouds. • The battle between HD-DVD and Blu-ray comes to an end. Toshiba announces it will no longer make HD-DVDS due to the arushing market popularity of Blu-ray technology. 2009 APPROX. PRICE PER GB $0.27' > • Sixty years ago, Conrad Zuse builds the first fully functioning electro-mechanical computer called the Z2 The first 3TB external hard drive, the largest to date, reaches consumer markets. It has enough space to hold 120 high-definition movies. < APPROX. PRICE PER GB $0.07 • Blu-Ray discs pass the 100GB mark. Using BDXL technology, write-only discs can hold 100GB and re-writeable discs can hold up to 128GB. 3 TB 2010) Portable HD's > • Just 19 years after it revolutionized data storage, Sony stops making 3.5in floppy disk. • The FluCard, invented by Henn Tan, creator of the ThumbDrive, becomes the first wireless SD card. The storage medium is capable of transmitting stored data wirelessly. HOMLIH APPROX. PRICE PER GB $O.06? 1 Price per GB taken from this chart: http://ns1758.ca/winch/winchest.html 2 http://raoulpop.com/2010/04/04/storage-drops-below-7-cents-per-gigabyte/ Storage Comparisons: • 1GB=a truckload of paper • 1TB=1/10 of the Library of Congress • 1PB=450,000 hours of TV • 1EB=1/5 of the all words ever spoken by human beings http://i.i.com.com/cnwk.1d/i/ne/p/charts/petabytesuper 203x417.gif • A terabyte is equal to the number of human heartbeats on the Earth every 2.4 minutes. • In seconds, a terabyte is equal to 32,000 years. • A terabyte of paper stacked would be 66,000 miles high. • If a terabyte of pencils were placed side by side, they would stretch 4.5 million miles. • One terabyte is equal to 16 days of continuously running DVD movies or 8,000 times more data than the human brain retains in a lifetime. http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage facts.html LAST TEN YERRs OF DATA STORRGE

Decade of Storage: From USB to Cloud Storage

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