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Anatomy of a Smart City

ANATOMY OF A SMART CITY "The 19th century was a century of empires, 20th century was a century of nation states and the 21st century will be a century of cities." -Former Denver Mayor W. Webb THE WORLD IS NOW URBANIZED % of population living in cities. 1800 1950 2008 2040 29% 50% 65% 1.3 million people are currently moving into cities each week There are 21 MEGACITIES With over 10 Million Up until 1975 there were just 3 people New York, Tokyo and Mexico City Largest City: Tokyo 36 Million + If it were a country, it would rank 35th in population size By 2025, the number of megacities is expected to reach N with an additional five in Asia (Shenzhen, Chongging, Guangzhou, Jakarta and Lahore), two in Latin America (Bogotá and Lima), and one in Africa (Kinshasa) 500+2011 83 # of Cities with more than 1 million People 1950 1900 12 China alone will have 221 cities with 1 million + people by 2025 ECONOMIC INFLUENCE The top 600 urban centers generate 60% 24 of global GDP In the developing world, as much as 80% of future economic growth will occur in cities ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT Cities use 60%-80% of the world's annual energy needs Lighting alone represents 19% of the world's total electricity consumption All OF THE ABOVE The need for SMARTER- CITIES DRIVEN BY: Sensors + Networks + Engagement RESULTING IN: REAL-TIME URBAN INFORMATICS With the combination of low power sensors, wireless networks, and web and mobile-based applications, Smart Cities have arrived. MEASÚREMENT: Your city as a platform ENVIRONMENT SAFETY TRANSPORATION UTILITES BUILDINGS By way of new sensor networks the accurate monitoring of environ- mental conditions like Structural Health Moni- Through sensors em- toring of buildings, bridges and dams as well as advanced warn- bedded in roadways and street lights, real- time transit and traffic can be managed for the purpose of reducing travel time and fuel inefficiencies. A smart utility grid will empower end users to be more aware of their energy uses, and allow utility companies to deliver only as much Smart Buildings utilize monitoring devices that track usage and em- power users and ser- vice providers to better control and reduce electricity demands. pollution levels, wildlife s, and water runoff all become pos- sible. ings ytuations can gency now be put in place. systems in emer- energy or water as is required. e ガイガー マップ JP STREETLINE CONNECTING THE REAL WORL nest The idea behind this proj- Anew system instaled by BM in the country of Mata integrates both wator and power systems, and is able to identify water leaks and electricity losses in the grid. 250,000 interactive meters monitor real time usage, set variable rates, and reward The Nest thermostat is enabled with both Zigbee and Wi-Fi chips, so that t After receiving incomplete radiation level information from authorities after the Japanese earthquake a group of individuals took it upon themselves to start t using open source hardware & data to generate crowd- sourced goiger maps and readings acros Japan. Through Streetine's Parker appication, and locally embedded wire- ect is to use sensors measuring levels in Com- bined Sewer Overflows and an SMS alert system to enable local residents to less sensors, usors can can be connected to and identify real time availabl- ity of parking spaces on their phones and city officials can better manage and price their infastructure and managed from your mobile reduce their wastewater production before and duing an overflow event to avoid poluting their local waterways. prone or online The themmostat also can leam from your usage pattems and adapts to your behaviors and prefer Customers who consume less eneray. resources ences over time. WER LEVE What doesthis look likke in "Slums" | Favelas DEVELOPING CITIES? The majority of world population growth will occur in the urban areas of developing countries, whose population is projected to increase Shadow Cities | Informal Settlements 2.5 billion in 2009 TO 5.2 billion in 2050 billion people call “slums" home today The UN defines a slum as a household This number that lacks access to one or more of the is expected following: to double to • Access to improved water • Access to improved sanitation • Security of tenure • Durability of housing • Sufficient living area 2 billlion by 2030 One bright spot for the world's poor has been increased access to cell phones and information: Mobile phone subscriptions per 100 people 125 Nokia 1100 The best selling phone of all time 100 There are: milion units sold 5billion 75 Developed countries 50 Developing countries mobile subscriptions 25 Least developed countries worldwide in 2011 Perspective: In India there are 670 million cell phone subscriptions and only 366 milion people have access to private toilets. 2000 2005 2010 Leading to new ways for the urban poor to manage their environment Mapping OUshahidi Rede Jovem & ACCURATE REPORTS The open source Ushahidi platform serves as an initial model for what has been coined as 'activist mapping - the combination of social activism, citizen journalism and geospatial information sent via mobile. The Rede Jovem project used citizen reporters, cell phones, and an open source Wikimap application to map and gain awareness for five slums (home to 150.000 residents) in Rio de Janeiro. News & RESOURCES CGNE. BBC GE|| Wars CGnet Swara is a citizen journalism chan- nel in Chhattisgarh, India, that allows citizen journalists and interested parties to call a phone number to record or listen to local news content. BBC Janala provides locals access to hundreds of free English language audio lessons. This is used to further educate and open opportunities to improve the country's economic growth. Finances JANA m-PESA & WORK Jana (formerly txteagle) mission is to offer global organizations access to emerging market consumers via their phones. Users are compen- sated with cell phone air time for surveys that are completed via SMS (Air time is increasingly used as a form of currency to purchase real goods). M-PESA allows Kenyans to make cash withdrawals, deposits, and transfers through their mobile phone and caters specifically to customers that don't have access to traditional banking systems. OUTLOOK YOU FINANCIAL The Smarter cities IT market opportunity is expected to be: SERVICES $34 Billion annually NETWORKS OPEN CIVIC & Cisco estimates that ENVIRONMENTAL cities that run on PATA information can SENSORS improve their energy efficiency by 30% within 20 years. ADAPTIVE SENSEABLE EFFICIENT Cities Postscapes Tracking the Internet of Things SOURCES: The World in 2010: ICT Facts and Figures - ITU PROJECT LINKS & IMAGE CREDITS: World Urbanization Prospects, the 2009 Revision - UN DEVELOPED DEVELOPING Effect of Mobiles on Socio-economic Life of Urban Poor - Arkur Sarin Rekha Jain Preparing for China's urban bilion - McKinsey Global The Challenge of Slums: Global Report on Human Settlements 2003 - UN The Transition to a Predominantly Urban World and its Underpinnings - David Satterthwaite Raising the L.Q. of City Services - NYTimes How Mobile Devices Are Changing the World's Information Ecosystem - Corter for International Media Assistancea Raising the I.Q. of City Services - NYTimes Learn more about this topic at: EEEEEE DOODOC BEE DEVELOPED CITIES

Anatomy of a Smart City

shared by postscapes on Nov 02
Over half of the world's population lives in cities already and this number is expected to grow to almost 70% by 2050. Here's a glimpse at how 'smarter' cities can help us cope with this populatio...




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