The Ultimate Guide to Japanese Martial Arts

THE ULTIMATE GUIDE TO JAPANESE MARTIAL ARTS SUMO • Sumo is considered Japan's national sport and has roots In the Shinto religion • There are no welght classes in sumo; a smaller wrestler could have to face a much larger opponent • There are six ranking classiflcations In professional sumo wrestling: Makuuchi (top division), Juryo, Makushita, Sandanme, Jonidan, and Jonokuchi • Yokozuna (grand champlon) Is the highest level a wrestler can achleve • wrestlers live In a heya (a sumo tralning stable) Sumo rules: • Each rikshi (wrestler) tries to push his opponent out of the dohyo (ring) • The match ends when a wrestler steps out of the ring, or touches the ground with anything other than the soles of his feet JUDO • Created by Jlgoro Kano in 1882 • Judo means "the gentle way," and is a combination of Jujitsu and wrestling • Participants use throws (Instead of punches, kicks, and strikes) to take an opponent to the ground KARATE • Karate or Karate-do means "open hand" or "the way of the open hand" • Karate is a blend of martlal arts from the Ryukyu Islands (now Okinawa) and Chinese martial arts, like kenpo. • The basic movements In karate Include thrusts, kicks, and arm strikes • In addition to self-defense, participants learn Zen and Bushido principles, and seek spiritual enlightenment KENDO • Kendo means "the way of the sword" • Opponents use shinal (bamboo swords) and wear bogu (protective armor) that covers the face, chest, and arms • Participants must master technique and timing to strike an opponent and score polnts IAIDO • Another form of Japanese sword fighting • laldo Is usually practiced solo, using a serles of movements called waza agalnst an Imaginary opponent • There is no direct sparring, but partner practice is permitted with a bokuto (wooden sword) To learn more about Japanese history te takelessons and culture, sign up for lessons with a private tutor at

The Ultimate Guide to Japanese Martial Arts

shared by TakeLessonsTL on Oct 01
Learn about sumo, judo, kendo, karate, and iaido in this infographic!


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