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Playing Dirty

PLAYING DIRTY xx XXX DO000 A Guide to Coaching Scandals and NCAA Major Violations from 2001 & Beyond. 2001 HAL MUMME COACHING SCANDALS University of Southern California, Pacific-10 Academic fraud by employees, who wrote papers for three athletes; providing false and misleading information to investigators; unethical conduct by athletes by knowingly submitting papers substantially completed by others. In early 2001, Mumme resigned amid numerous NCAA rules violations, largely payments to recruits. The team was eventually found to be in violation of more than three dozen recruiting violations. As a result, the Wildcats were banned from post-season play in 2003 and lost 19 scholarships over the next three seasons. Mumme, however, was not given any individual sanctions. GEORGE O'LEARY State University of New York at Buffalo, Mid-American The case primarily concerned violations of NCAA Bylaws governing preseason practice, tryouts, coaching staff restrictions, impermissible scouting of opponents, extra benefits, unethical conduct and a lack of monitoring. In 2001, O'Leary left Georgia Tech to take over as the head coach for the University of Notre Dame. A few days after he was hired, inaccuracies were discovered in his published biographical sketch. In the biographical sketch, it stated that O'Leary had earned a master's degree from "NYU-Stony Brook University," a non-existent institution and actually two separate institutions over 50 miles apart. University of Wisconsin-Madison, Big 10 Impermissible recruiting inducements; impermissible extra benefits - discounts and credits; impermissible transporta- tion; impermissible housing benefits for prospects and failure to adequately monitor. In fact, he had taken only two courses at SUNY - Stony Brook, and never graduated. He also claimed that he had earned three letters in New Mexico State University, Western Athletic Impermissible contract for future employment; unethical conduct; academic fraud; recruiting inducements; violations of two-year college transfer regulations; violation of finan- cial aid eligibility regulations; impermissible recruiter; recruiting inducements; violation of athletelcoach relation- ship; lack of fairness, openness and honesty; impermissible tryout. football at the University of New Hampshire, when the school claimed he had not even played in one game. OLeary said in a statement, "Due to a selfish and thoughtless act many years ago, I have personally embarrassed Notre Dame, its alumni, and fans." OLeary blamed the inaccuracies on "resume padding" that had followed him through his career, admitting: "In seeking employ- Major Violations Marshall University, Conference USA Impermissible employment of academic nonqualifiers at rates four times the prevailing wage, academic fraud, and lack of institutional control ment I prepared a resume that contained inaccuracies regarding my completion of course work for a master's degree and also my level of participation in football at my alma mater. These misstate- ments were never stricken from my resume or biographical sketch in later years." University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Big 12 Impermissible financial aid, extra benefits, recruiting inducements, tryouts and housing arrangements for pro- spective athletes; improper telephone contacts with pro- spective athletes; unethical conduct and failure to monitor. Violations By Conference 2001-2010 University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, Big 10 The former head women's basketball coach committed numerous recruiting violations involving prospective student-athletes by providing extra benefits, reduced lodging, impermissible recruiting inducements and violations of playing and practice season legislation. The former head women's basketball coach was found for or unethical conduct and the institution was found for lack of institutional control. University of Alabama-Tuscaloosa, Southeastern Athletics representatives actively engaged in violations of recruiting and extra-benefit legislation with prospective student-athletes and provided impermissible recruiting inducements through high-school coaches. Numerous sec- ondary violations. University of California-Berkeley, Pacific-10 Unethical conduct; academic fraud; academic ineligibility; failure to withhold ineligible student-athletes from competi- tion; impermissible extra benefits; recruiting inducements and lack of institutional control. University of Colorado-Boulder, Big 12 Provision of clothing items to recruits during official paid visits, contacts with booster, publicity involving a prospec- tive athlete, excessive reimbursement of travel expenses for recruits and improprieties involving recruiting expenses. Failure to monitor recruiting practices in football. University of Kentucky, Southeastern Recruiting inducements for prospective athletes and high school coaches; impermissible tryout; unethical conduct; academic fraud; falsification of recruiting records; institu- tional control of recruiting funds; failure to control salary of employee; failure in fiscal control of outside agency; failure to monitor and a lack of institutional control. University of Texas-Austin, Big 12 Violation of honesty standards and bona fide outside em- ployment and a failure to monitor. 2003 University of Washington, Pacific-10 Impermissible recruiting contacts, telephone contacts and evaluation; impermissible attendance at a non-certified event and unethical conduct. RICK NEUHEISEL 01 11 Before Neuheisel coached his first game for the Huskies, he had already violated NCAA recruiting rules by visiting high school players before the NCAA approved date to do so. In the summer of 2003, Neuheisel came under fire for taking part in a neighborhood pool for the 2003 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament and lies he told about his actions. University of Utah, Mountain West Extra benefits, recruiting, including impermissible observa- tion of recruits in athletically related activities; continuing eligibility; playing and practice season limits; unethical conduct (academic fraud) and a lack of institutional control. 65 04 10 He first denied the accusation to investigators before admitting to it after consultation with school officials. The gambling case became a University of Arkansas-Fayetteville, Southeastern Extra benefits, recruiting, financial aid, employment, supplemental provision and a failure to monitor arising out of impermissible employment of numerous football and men's basketball student-athletes. local sensation when it was revealed that he had received an inter- 05 nal UW memo which authorized gambling in off-campus tournament basketball pools. The NCAA was considering giving Neuheisel a two-year show-cause order, which would have effectively black- balled him from the coaching ranks for two years. Neuheisel was given an ultimatum: resign or be fired for cause. He refused, and was fired on June 11. TOTAL Rutgers University, Big East Improper certification for financial aid, practice and com- petition,; ineligible competition resulting from failure to fulfill credit requirements; ineligible competition resulting from failure to earn minimum percentage of credits for satisfactory progress during academic year, ineligible com- petition resulting from errors in designation of degree program; improper certification of transfer student-athletes; exceeding grant-in-aid limits (football) and a lack of institu- tional control. 06 09 That fall, the NCAA infractions committee found Neuheisel violated NCAA rules against gambling but didn't sanction him, citing the memo by Washington's then compliance officer, Dana Richardson, that mistakenly identified this type of action as a permissible exception to NCAA gambling sanctions. It also became apparent that the NCAA violated its own rules when questioning Neuheisel about the gambling. UW had its probation extended for failing to monitor its football program. 07 08 San Diego State University, Mountain West Impermissible mandatory out-of-season workouts; improper use of student-athletes in a commercial production; imper- missible countable athletically related activity; impermis- sible extra benefits (provision of apparel items) and a fail- ure to monitor the football program. JOHN MACKOVIC Quarterback Nic Costa said that despite a very talented roster, many players had lost their love for the game due to Mackovic's brusque manner. Five games into the 2003 season, Mackovic was fired and replaced by defensive coordinator Mike Hankwitz. School officials said they had to act because it was obvious the Wildcats would not win with Mackovic at the helm. 01. Big East Conference (3%) 02. Atlantic Coast Conference (6 %) 03. Conference USA (6%) 04. Western Athletic Conference (6%) 09. Southeastern Conference (14 %) 05. Sun Belt Conference (8%) 06. Mid-American Conference (8 %) 07. Mountain West Conference (9 %) 08. Pacific 10 Conference (12%) 10. Big 12 Conference (14%) 11. Big 10 Conference (14%) California State University-Fresno, Western Athletic Improper certification of eligibility; unethical conduct; academic fraud; impermissible benefits and financial aid; lack of institutional control University of Maryland-College Park, Atlantic Coast Violations of recruiting inducements, unethical conduct and one secondary violation. "53 of the 120 universities in the NCAA's top competitive level were found, by the Division I Committee on Infractions, to have committed major rules violations from 2001 to 2010." -USA Today University of Miami, Atlantic Coast Impermissible tryouts; impermissible activities associated with sports club; impermissible financial aid; violation of honesty standards; impermissible recruiting contacts with boosters: failure monitor. University of Michigan, Big 10 The violations involved the men's basketball program and centered on the provision of more than $600,000 in cash and other benefits to at least four former men's basketball student-athletes by a representative of the university's athlet- ics interest. The athletics representative's funds were derived from an illegal gambling enterprise he operated for many years at Detroit automobile assembly plants, where he was employed. Have not committed major rules violations between 2001-2010 Have committed major rules violations between 2001-2010 University of Louisiana at Monroe, Sun Belt Violations of NCAA recruiting legislation, with attendant violations of unethical conduct on the part of the former head women's tennis coach and a women's tennis student- athlete. 56% 44% Auburn University, Southeastern Recruiting violations 2005 Mississippi State University, Southeastern Violations of NCAA legislation regarding recruiting (improper recruiting contacts and inducements) and unethi- cal conduct. MARK MANGINC University of Oregon, Pacific-10 Improper recruitment of a junior college football prospec- tive student-athlete and unethical conduct. In 2005, the Jayhawks self-reported five NCAA major violations including academic fraud had been committed by members of the Jayhawk football program under Mark Mangino. In 2006, these major violations, along with four others from other sports contrib- uted to the NCAA charging the Kansas University Athletics with "lack of institutional control". A graduate assistant was found to have University of Georgia, Southeastern Violations of NCAA legislation governing recruiting induce- ments, extra benefits, student-athlete competition while ineligible, academic fraud and tow additional instances of unethical conduct committed by a former assistant men's basketball coach. supplied answers to correspondence courses being taken by potential athletes. As a result, the football team was limited for two years in its recruitment of junior college transfers, and lost two scholarships for each of the 2007 and 2008 seasons. University of Missouri-Columbia, Big 12 Recruiting violations, honesty standards, impermissible telephone contacts, impermissible extra benefits and failure to monitor NCAA rules compliance. MIKE PRICE Price may be best known nationally for an off-the-field incident during his brief stint at Alabama. In December 2002, he was hired in principle to replace Dennis Franchione as the head coach of the DENNIS FRANCHIONE University of Washington, Pacific-10 Findings of violations of NCAA legislation regarding gam- bling, recruiting and a failure to monitor. Violations By Year: On September 27, 2007, Franchione discontinued selling a secret email newsletter to athletic boosters who paid USS 1,200 annually for team information that Franchione had refused to release to the Crimson Tide. Price was at Alabama during the 2003 spring practice, in May his contract was rescinded shortly after news reports surfaced of an incident during a trip to Pensacola, Florida, where Price was play- ing in a golf tournament. public. The newsletter, called "VIP Connection", had been written by Franchione's personal assistant, Mike McKenzie, and included, but was not limited to, specific injury reports, recruitment informa- tion, and Franchione's critical assessments of players. Started in the fall of 2004, the newsletter attracted 27 recipients. University of South Carolina-Columbia, Southeastern Impermissible tutoring assistance, extra benefits, unethical conduct, failure to monitor and a lack of institutional con- trol. A story in Sports Illustrated said that Price had been seen at a strip club. He allegedly later checked into a local hotel with at least one female exotic dancer from the club. The magazine further alleged The newsletter was discovered by athletic director Bill Byrne after it was presented to him by a newsreporter, who had received it through an unidentified A&M booster. Byrne immediately instructed Franchione to discontinue the newsletter, at which time Franchione University of Ilinois-Champaign/Urbana, Big 10 Violations in the football program regarding the provision of impermissible inducements and benefits by a representa- tive of the institution's athletics interest. Price had sex with one of the strippers, a claim which Price denied, although he acknowledged being intoxicated on the evening in question, He filed a $20 million libel and defamation suit against Sports Illustrated. Price received some vindication in 2005 when complied. The last issue of the newsletter, dated September 13, 2007, revealed that Franchione earned a net profit of $37,806.32 from the newsletter. In a press conference the following Tuesday, October 2, Franchione apologized in front of A&M football players and expressed his love for the job and the university, and his desire to "elevate the program to its highest level". Texas Christian University, Mountain West The violations were in the men's and women's track pro- gram and involved the provision of impermissible induce- ments and extra benefits to 22 prospective and enrolled student-athletes over a seven-year period. The case also involved academic fraud and unethical conduct. the magazine settled the lawsuit for an undisclosed sum. GARY BARNET His on-field career at Colorado was mostly successful; however, his reputation was tarnished by a recruiting scandal, insensitive off-field remarks and fallure to maintain the on-fleld success of his Shortly after, an investigation had been launched to look into the matter, conducted by Bill Byrne and A&M's NCAA compliance officer, David Batson. The investigation concluded that Franchione Florida International University, Sun Belt Impermissible skill instruction; impermissible out-of-season athletically related activities, unethical conduct and a failure to monitor predecessors. Colorado was alleged to have enticed recruits to come to Colorado with causing the school to self-impose harsher recruiting rules than any other Division I-A school. and alcohol during recruiting visits violated two NCAA rules and one of the Big 12's "Principals and Standards of Sportsmanship". Arizona State University, Pacific-10 Impermissible benefits and financial aid; unethical conduct; lack of institutional control On Thursday, Octoberr 11, 2007 Texas A&M officials issued a That scandal, coupled with Barnett's dismissive comments about former placekicker Katie Hnida, who alleged that she had been raped by a teammate, led to Barnett's temporary suspension in 2004 during the off-season. Additionally, an anonymous tipster Wrote a letter to CU system president Hank Brown accusing Barnett of numerous improprieties, including tampering with sworn testi- mony. On December 9, 2005, Barnett was forced to resign and accepted a $3 million buyout. "letter of admonishment" and ordered that the website be shut down. Additionally, Franchione was instructed to no longer employ "any staff members that could be Baylor University, Big 12 Impermissible benefits, inducements and financial aid to prospective athletes; impermissible contact and tryout; unethical conduct for 4 former coaches; academic fraud; lack of institutional control construed as representing Texas A&M or providing information or reports relative to his position as head coach at Texas A&M", Con- sequently, the university fired the writer of the newsletter, Mike McKenzie. Byrne has been quoted as saying "The Aggies are embar- rassed right now. This has been a very unfortunate incident we do not want to experience again." Byrne also stated that the incident would be included in Franchione's performance evaluation at the end of the season. University of Memphis, Conference USA Excessive countable athletically related activities; practice and competition by an ineligible athlete and athletics aid for an ineligible athlete; unethical conduct and a failure to In June 2007, the Buffaloes were placed under probation for two years and fined $100,000 for undercharging 133 student-athletes for meals over a six year span (2000-01 to 2005-06 encompassing Barnett's tenure at Colorado) resulting in the major infraction. The football program, with 86 of the 133 student-athletes involved, also lost one scholarship for the next three seasons. The discovery of the newsletter led CBS Sportsline (now columnist Gregg Doyel to call for Franchione to be fired. Doyel wrote that many of Franchione's columns violated federal health privacy law, announced firings of assistant coaches before that assistant was told himself, and reported injuries that weren't disclosed to the press. He also suggested that Franchione may have known the newsletter's recipients were using the informa- tion to make better-informed bets on Aggie games. monitor. Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlantic Coast Ineligible participation by 17 athletes in four sports over six years; improper certification by registrar and others of athletes as eligible for competition. Ineligible participation and lack of institutional control University of Iowa, Big 10 This case was resolved using the summary disposition pro- cess. The violations centered on fraud in the admissions process which resulted in ineligible competition by three foreign men's swimming student-athletes. PRVE CARRO09 PETE CARRO Not long before an NCAA report on violations at USC under Carroll was released on January 10, 2010, Carroll told his players that he would resign his position with the Trojans and become the new head coach of the Seattle Seahawks. According to the Los Angeles Times, University of Kansas, Big 12 Impermissible inducements and benefits involving basket- ball boosters; academic fraud involving two former gradu- ate assistant football coaches and impermissible induce- ments to prospective two-year college transfers. JIM LEAVITT M LRAVI010 Carroll came to agreement with the Seahawks on a 5-year $33 million contract to become head coach. University of Oklahoma, Big 12 Impermissible telephone contacts with prospective athletes. On January 8, 2010, Leavitt was fired after an investigation by USF officials found that he had struck a player in the locker room during halftime of a game against Louisville the previous November 21. Leavitt claimed he was merely trying to console the player and On June 9, 2010, The Los Angeles Times reported that Carroll, along with other active and former USC officials, had appeared in front of a ten-member NCAA Committee on Infractions the previous February. The next day, June 10, the NCAA announced sanctions against the USC football program including a two-year bowl ban, the elimination of thirty football scholarships, and forfeiture of some football victo- ries from 2004-05 (a season which had included winning the Bowl Championship Series title), and all team victories from the unde- feated 2005-06 regular season, when USC lost to Texas in the BCS title game. With the vacated games removed, Carroll drops to fourth on USC's all-time wins list, behind John McKay, Howard Jones and John Robinson. His 97 on-field wins would put him ahead of Robin- son for third in Trojan history. California State University-Fresno, Western Athletic 457 impermissible phone contacts with prospective athletes by former coaches never struck him. School officials found that Leavitt was not truthful about what happened, and also found that he had interfered with the investigation. Northern Illinois University, Mid-American Conference Infractions case centering primarily on the provision of impermissible extra benefits to a women's basketball student-athlete. ESPN's Ivan Maisel reported that Leavitt's interference, which included telling several players and coaches to change their stories, was the biggest factor in the decision to fire him. The Tampa Tribune reported that school president Judy Genshaft and athletic director Doug Woolard felt they had no choice but to fire Leavitt after he refused to admit he had done anything wrong. Running backs coach Carl Franks was named interim coach of the Bulls until Ohio State University, Big 10 Violations of NCAA legislation in the men's basketball pro- gram involving recruiting, extra benefits, academic fraud, unethical conduct and failure to monitor. January 14, 2010, when Skip Holtz was hired as head coach. The allegations centered on former Trojan star Reggie Bush. He was found to have accepted several improper gifts, including the use of a San Diego area home by members of Bush's family. It was reported that USC might appeal the sanctions. These sanctions have been criticized by some NCAA football writers, including ESPN's Ted Miller, who wrote, "It's become an accepted fact among informed college football observers that the NCAA sanctions against USC were a travesty of justice, and the NCAA's refusal to revisit that travesty are a massive act of cowardice on the part of the organization." RICH RODRIGUEZ University of Arkansas-Fayetteville, Southeastern Recruiting violations regarding impermissible transporta- tion; impermissible housing; impermissible assistance with the receipt of academic course material; impermissible tutoring, transportation and academic assistance; impermis- sible assistance associated with academic testing; unethical conduct and failure to monitor. Several Michigan players have transferred and subsequently criti- cized Rodriguez. Justin Boren transferred from the program to rival Ohio State citing offensive behavior and a "lack of family values" from the coaching staff. Others have supported the assertion about a lack of family values, including Detroit Free Press writer Michael Rosenberg, who stated "Rodriguez's staff uses some of the foulest, most degrading language imaginable. I know coaches curse, and I'm no prude, but this goes way beyond a few dirty words. He belitles his players. This is a big part of why offensive lineman Justin Boren left the team. He felt his dignity was at stake." Boren became first team all Big Ten at Ohio State University in the 2009 season. After Carroll announced that he was leaving for the Seahawks, he had denied the possibility of the NCAA sanctions was a factor in his leaving USC to return to pro football in Seattle. "Not in any way," Carroll stated. "Because I know where we stand. If's just a process we have to go through. We know we've fought hard to do right." University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Sun Belt Findings of violations concerning ineligible participation; voluntary summer workout violations; and failure to monitor. Purdue University, Big 10 Unethical conduct; academic fraud and the provision of false and misleading information; impermissible telephone calls. Among Carroll's critics in the media was longtime Los Angeles Times Former Michigan player Kurt Wermers claimed to not get along with coaches after transferring following the 2008 season. sportswriter Bill Plaschke, who said that in one stroke, Carroll went from a coach who presided over the greatest days in USC football Prior to the 2009 season several anonymous players told journalists (including Rosenberg) at the Detroit Free Press that Rodriguez and his coaching staff had habitually violated NCAA rules. The alleged offenses included attending unofficial scrimmages and requiring players to work out more hours than NCAA rules permit for the off-season. Rodriguez denied the allegations. On October 27, 2009, the NCAA sent a Notice of Inquiry to the University of Michi- gan stating the NCAA found reasonably reliable information indicat- ing NCAA rule violations, Following the Notice, the investigation into potential major violations continued. On November 16, 2009, the University of Michigan Auditors looking into the NCAA violations discovered that University of Michigan Athletic Department staff failed to file monthly logs that track how much players work out and practice. history to one who was in charge of its biggest embarrassment. He goes from saint to scallywag. Carroll says he didn't know about the Bush violations. That now seems impossible... he made $33 million from violations that will cost his old school Ball State University, Mid-American Excessive financial aid and grants-in-aid; impermissible extra benefits; exceeding practice hour limitations; lack of institutional control s reputation, and folks here will never look at him the same." University of Colorado-Boulder, Big 12 Violations involving non-scholarship student-athletes being charged the wrong amount for training table meals. Sporting News writer Mike Florio called for the Seahawks to fire Carroll, saying that "justice won't truly be served until the only coaching Carroll ever does entails holding an Xbox controller." On July 14, 2010, the Los Angeles Times reported that Carroll's 2008 employment of extra coach Pete Rodriguez would hurt USC's appeal of the sanctions. Carroll's hire was found to be a violation of NCAA West Virginia University, Big East Violations of legislation governing impermissible try-outs; recruiting contact violations; recruiting inducements; imper- missible out-of-season activities; impermissible housing and unethical conduct. rules that place a cap on the number of coaches a college team is allowed to have. Carroll had denied the hire was a violation in an interview with the paper in July 2009; however he was reported to have admitted to the NCAA it was. The Times stated "The association Then on February 22, 2010, the NCAA formally accused Michigan of five "major rules violations" after finding that the team and its coaching staff failed to comply with practice time rules under coach Rich Rodriguez, and used several graduate assistants in coaching position in contravention of NCAA regulations on the limits of the number of coaches. This marked the first time that major violations have been alleged against the Michigan football pro- gram. All of the violations dated from January 2008 forward, which coincided with Rodriguez's arrival at Michigan. Temple University, Mid-American Ineligible participation and impermissible travel expenses; impermissible financial aid; unethical conduct; ineligible participation and failure to monitor. Also secondary viola- tions. also said that Carroll did not clear the hire with USC's compliance office, a finding that contradicts what he told The Times last year." LANE KIFFIN On February 5, 2009, Kiffin accused Urban Meyer, the head coach of the Florida Gators, of violating NCAA recruiting rules at Tennes- see booster breakfast at the Knorville Convention Center. University of Oklahoma, Big 12 Impermissible extra benefits; payment for work not per- formed; failure to monitor. 10 "T'm going to turn Florida in right here in front of you," Kiffin told the crowd. "As Hu'Keese (Richardson) was here on campus, his phone keeps ringing. And so one of our coaches is sitting in the meeting with him and says, Who is that? And he looks at the phone and says, 'Urban Meyer. "Just so you know, you can't call a recruit on another campus. But I love the fact that Urban had to cheat and still didn't get him." All-Time Dirtiest Programs University of New Mexico, Mountain West Impermissible inducements, extra benefits and unethical conduct. Texas Christian University, Mountain West Violations of NCAA legislation in the men's tennis program involving impermissible phone contacts and failure to moni- tor. While Kiffin was accusing Meyer of violating NCAA rules, he was actually violating Southeastern Conference rules himself and his accusations of Meyer's conduct being against NCAA rules were incorrect. Southeastern Conference commissioner Mike Slive Brigham Young University, Mountain West Impermissible transportation, housing, meals, loans and employment; extra benefits; failure to monitor issued a public reprimand to Kifin over the comments. In addition to the public reprimand by Slive, Florida Athletic Director Jeremy Foley issued a statement demanding a public apology from Kiffin. Kiin issued a public apology a day after the remarks. In a state- ment released by the University of Tennessee, Kiffin said, "In my enthusiasm for our recruiting class, I made some statements that Arizona State Sun Devils Florida International University, Sun Belt Ineligible participation; financial aid violations; lack of institutional control Indiana University at Bloomington, Big 10 Failure to adhere to penalties set forth in a previous infrac- tions report, involving prohibited telephone calls were meant solely to excite those at the breakfast. If I offended anyone at the University of Florida, including Mr. Foley and Urban Meyer, I sincerely apologize. That was not my intention." During the same speech on February 5, Kiin said he ordered high school recruit Nu'Keese Richardson to fax his signing papers from somewhere other than Pahokee High, because: ".somebody at the school was golng to screw it up, the fax machine wouldn't work or they would have changed the signatures. All the things that go on in Pahokee now." According to Pahokee Head Coach Blaze Thompson, Kiffin promised remarks, but has not delivered. Middle Tennessee State University, Sun Belt Violations in the women's volleyball program involving ineligible participation by a women's volleyball student- athelte and failure to monitor by the institution and the former head women's volleyball coach. apology for these and other Southern Methodist Mustangs On February 13, 2009 on a Knorville radio show, Kiffin referred to Bryce Brown as a "great player," which the university plans to self-report as a secondary recruiting violation since NCAA rules prohibit coaches from publicly commenting on recruitable athletes. In late February 2009, Kifin was accused of denigrating the Georgia Bulldogs recruiting efforts in the state of Georgia on a talk radio show with the Rivals network. The University of Geor- gia Athletic Director Damon Evans responded that the program University of Alabama-Tuscaloosa, Southeastern Impermissible benefits obtained by student-athletes through misuse of the institution's textbook distribution program. TIE Florida State University, Atlantic Coast Academic fraud, involving improper assistance by former academic support employees resulting to numerous athletes in multiple sports. Provision of impermissible benefits and a failure to monitor 3 does not need to cheat to have success. According to ESPN's Chris Low "Kifin told recruit Alshon Jeffrey that if he chose the Gamecocks, he would end up pumping gas for the rest of his life like all the other players from that state who had gone to South Carolina." Kiffin denies ever making that statement. However the incident was corroborated by Alshon Jeffrey's coach University of Memphis, Conference USA Impermissible recruiting inducement and extra benefits; unethical conduct by former women's golf coach. In men's basketball, impermissible extra benefits to recruited ath- lete; ineligible competition; failure to monitor. (7 Way, see below) Walter Wilson who was listening to Kiffin's remarks on speaker- phone. Kiffin signed a memorandum of understanding with the University MA TRESSE011 of Tennessee on November 30, 2008. The deal included $2 University of Michigan, Big 10 Exceeding coaching staff limitations, playing and practice season violations, unethical conduct and failure to monitor million in 2009, with additional performance bonuses, including a $300,000 bonus if UT competes for the national championship. His salary was set to increase over the six-year-deal, reaching a high of $2.75 million in 2014. The average salary of the deal was $2.375 million. If Kiffin had been fired in 2009 or 2010, the JIM TRESSEI On March 8, 2011, Ohio State suspended Tressel for the first two school would have to pay him $7.5 million under a buyout clause; after the 2012 season, the buyout clause decreased to $5 million. Kifin's contract stated that if he resigned, he would have to pay UT $1 million in 2009, with the sum decreasing by $200,000 each year of his contract. games of the 2011 season and fined him $250,000 for failing to notify the school of NCAA violations involving Ohio State football players and a financial arrangement with Edward Rife, owner of a local tattoo parlor, who was at the time under investigation by the FBI for drug trafficking. Ball State University, Mid-American Exceeding practice hour limitations; involuntary summer activities; impermissible tryout and inducements; unethical conduct University of Arizona, Pacific-10 Violations of impermissil missible recruiting activities, failure to promote an atmo- sphere of compliance and failure to monitor. and tryouts, imper- The arrangement, which resulted in five Ohio State football players being suspended, involved trading championship rings, jerseys and MIKE LEACH other football-related awards for tattoos. On March 17, 2011, it was On December 28, 2009, Leach was suspended indefinitely by Texas Tech pending investigation of alleged inappropriate treat- ment of Adam James, son of former SMU and New England Patriots running back (and current ESPN college football analyst) Craig James. On December 16, James suffered a concussion. He was announced that Tressel requested Ohio State Athletic Director Gene Smith that he extend his own suspension to the same number of games as his players. Smith accepted the request, and, as a result, Tressel would have missed the first five games of the 2011 season. University of Central Florida, Conference USA Violations involving non-scholarship student-athletes being charged the wrong amount for training table meals. University of Nevada-Reno, Western Athletic Extra benefits provided in the form of airline ticket; imper- missible provision of cash; providing alcoholic beverages; unethical conduct finding by former head coach for provid- ing false and misleading information; failure to cooperate and promote an atmosphere of compliance. Ohio State President Gordon Gee assured the public that Tressel would not lose his job over the matter. On April 25, 2011, the NCAA accused Tressel of withholding information and lying to keep Buck- eyes players on the field. In a "notice of allegations" sent to Ohio State, the NCAA charged that Tressel's actions were considered "potential major violations" which had "permitted football student- athletes to participate in intercollegiate athletics while ineligible." The report also said he "failed to comport himself ... (with) honesty and integrity" and that he lied when he filled out a compliance form in September stating that he had no knowledge of NCAA violations by any of his players. examined the next day, and told not to practice that afternoon due to the concussion. According to a James family source, Leach ordered him to stand in the equipment room near the Raiders' practice facility. According to the Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, school officials claim they gave Leach an ultimatum to apologize to James in writing by December 28 or Leach would be suspended. His attorney, Ted Liggett, disputed the characterization of events as reported by the university and other news sources, and said that James had been treated reasonably in light of his condition. On December 31, Leach spoke with The New York Times in his first University of Southern California, Pacific-10 Failure to report violations; unethical conduct; impermis- sible benefits; violations of coaching staff limitations; imper- missible recruiting contacts by a booster; impermissible inducements and extra benefits; lack of institutional control. interview since being fired from Texas Tech. He said that he did not know where James had been taken, having only ordered him taken "out of the light." He claimed the controversy stemmed from Craig James' constant lobbying for more playing time for his son, whom he characterized as lazy and entitled. On May 30, 2011 Tressel resigned as Ohio State's head football coach. Three days earlier, Sports Illustrated reported that it had found evidence that the memorabilia-for-tattoos scandal dated back to at least the 2002 national champlonship season, and as many as 28 players were involved. DENNIS ERICKSON BILLY STEWART SCHOOLS WITH THE MOST MAJOR VIOLATIONS TO DATE The Hurricanes were found to have broken NCAA rules on Pell On June 10, 2011, Bill Stewart resigned as head football coach of the West Virginia Mountaineers and Dana Holgorsen took over immediately. The relationship between Stewart and Holgorsen had been strained from the beginning, and came to a head in late May when Colin Dunlap, a journalist with the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, reported that Stewart had asked him and a reporter with The Charleston Gazette to dig up dirt about Holgorsen and smear his name in headlines for their respective papers. These calls were made in December before Holgorsen even came to West Virginia. While athletic director Oliver Luck was unable to fully substantiate the reporters' claims, WVU ultimately sought Stewart's immediate resignation and pressured the coach to supply it. Stewart obliged, and in turn received the legally-obligated remainder of his contract. It was reported that Stewart was allegedly fired for "conduct detri- mental to the university" but publicly allowed to resign. Grants due to a member of the financial aid offce, and were placed on three years' probation not long after Erickson left the school. Erickson was interviewed about his time at the University of Miami for the documentary The U, which premiered December 12, 2009 on ESPN. When Erickson was introduced as the head coach of the Washington State Cougars of the Pac-10 on January 7, 1987, he stated that it was his lifelong goal to be the head coach at WSU. His contract at WSU in 1987 was a five-year deal at an annual base salary of $70,000, with up to $30,000 from radio, television, and speaking engagements. Arizona State Southern Methodist JOE PATERNO Auburn On November 5, 2011, former Penn State defensive coordinator Jerry Sandusky was arrested on 40 counts relating to sezual abuse of eight young boys over a 15-year period, including alleged incidents that occurred at Penn State. A 2011 grand jury investiga- REFERENCES CITED: California Tressel http:/ football) tion reported that then-graduate assistant Mike McQueary told Paterno in 2002 that he had seen Sandusky abusing a 10-year-old boy in Penn State football's shower facilities. The grand jury report http:/ Barnett Florida State would later detail that McQueary saw Sandusky sodomizing the boy. According to the report, Paterno notified Athletic Director Tim Curley the next day about the incident, and later notifled Gary http:/ Davis O%27Leary Schultz, director of business and finance, who oversaw the Univer- sity Police. Schultz's role is the center of the debate over whether Paterno did or did not do enough. Franchione Memphis BUTCH DAVIS http:/ (coach) Minnesota http://en.wikipedia.c http:/ http://en.wikipedia.c unllen In July 2010, the NCAA began investigating possible violations involving improper benefits provided by agents to current players at UNC. In September 2010, the NCAA opened a second prong of its investigation, this time involving possible improper tutor Leavitt Oklahoma http://en.wikipedia.c http:/ Rodriguez involvement with UNC student-athletes. In response to the investiga- tion, local and national sports columnists penned articles calling ribinedia http://en.wikipeddia onet http:/ infractions M.html for Davis' termination. 13 UNC football players were held out of the team's season opener in Atlanta against the LSU Tigers. Mangino Texas A&M At the end of October 2010, three star players-WR Greg Little, DT Marvin Austin, and DE Robert Quinn-were ruled permanently ineligible after it was discovered they improperly accepted gifts from sports agents. Five other players were found guilty of accept- ing improper benefits and/or inappropriate academic assistance. punishes al most half of members of football bowl subdivision for majo Wichita State F_rules_violations On July 27, 2011, Davis was fired by UNC chancellor Holden Thorp amid NCAA investigation of academic misconduct and allegations players receiving improper benefits from agents. Thorp said the move was necessary to restore confidence in UNC's integrity. THE Wisconsin FOOTBALL EDUCATOR COPYRIGHT 2012 Atlantic Coast O Big East O- Big 10 O Big 12 Conference USA O Mid American o Mountain West o 2010 600 2008 9007 2005 2004 2003 2002 héastern 400 Belt o How many violations? Western Athletic o- 2010 2009 2008 2007 2005 2004 2003 2002

Playing Dirty

shared by mmcginness on May 16
A guide to coaching scandals and NCAA major violations from 2001 to 2010. Major offenders are also listed!


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