Transcript

Guide To Cycling!

Mother Nature's Pop Science Guide to CYCLING Handlebars Seat Brake levers Brake cables COMPOSITION Seat post Top tube Gear shift OF A TYPICAL Steering head Rear brake BICYCLE Seat tube Mud guard Down tube Front brake Seat stay O Pedal Fork Reflector I Air valve Water bottle Derailleur Chain Chainwheel Crank Rim Helmet Kick stand Tire Heart Healthy Improves cardiovascular fitness and decreases the risk of coronary disease. Pedal Power Strengthens your immune system, and could protect against certain kinds of cancer. Mental Well-Being Bike riding has been linked to improved mental health. Cardio- HEALTH Hip Like A Hipster Burning calories helps BENEFITS OF with your waistline and ramps up metabolism. respiratory fitness from cycling can lead to an improvement of up to 15 percent in mental tests. CYCLING Balancing Act Coordination skills improve with the unison action of moving both feet around in circles while steering with the hands and stabilizing your body's center of gravity. Long Life Cycle A study of 2,400 identical twins found that those who did three rides per week were nine years "biologically younger" even after discounting other influences, such as body mass index (BMI) and smoking. Muscle Bound Tones and builds your muscles, especially in the lower half of the body. Also a great low-impact exercise for those with joint conditions or injuries to the legs or hips. Penny-Farthing aka High Wheeler 0000 EASE OF USE TYPES OF BICYCLES SPEED AND OTHER HUMAN- 0000 EFFICIENCY POWERED VEHICLES The first machine to be called a "bieycle," with pedals attached directly to the front wheel, it was popular until the development of the safety bicycle in the 1880s. Its downside was its high center of mass for the rider. When the front wheel struck a rock or a rut, or braked hard, the rider could be pitched forward off the bicycle head-first, sometimes resulting in death. Dandy Horse aka Draisienne 0000 EASE OF USE O00Ó SPEED O00 EFFICIENCY A precursor to the bicycle, the earliest two-wheeler was invented by Karl Drais in 1817. With both wheels in-line, the rider propels it by pushing along the ground with the feet as if walking or running. The front wheel and handlebar pivot to allow steering. City Bicycle EASE OF USE O00 SPEED ÖÖÒ EFFICIENCY 000 Recumbent Bicycle A popular bike used in bieycle sharing systems around the world, it is designed for frequent, short, moderately paced rides through relatively flat urban areas. EASE OF USE O000 SPEED ÖÖÖÖ EFFICIENCY 000 Most recumbent riders choose this laid-back reclining design for ergonomie reasons as the rider's weight is distributed comfortably over a larger area, supported by the back and rear. Unicycle Racing Bicycle aka Road Bike 0000 EASE OF USE Ở000 SPEED 00 EFFICIENCY 000 ÖÖ0Ò SPEED EASE OF USE EFFICIENCY The unicycle evolved from the penny-farthing when cyclists discovered they didn't need the smaller back wheel to balance. The annual Tour de France is cycling's most preeminent road race. Cycling events have also been featured in every modern Olympiad since 1896. Pedicab aka Cycle Rickshaw EASE OF USE OO SPEED O EFFICIENCY 0 Tandem Bicycle EASE OF USE O000 SPEED ÖÖÖÒ EFFICIENCY O 000 A for-hire trieyele designed to carry passengers in addition to the driver widely used in major Designed to be ridden by more than one person, the term "tandem" refers to the seating arrangement (front to back, not side by side), not the number of riders. There are even tandem bikes for 10 riders. cities around the world, but most commonly in Southeast Asian cities. Mountain Bike BMX Bike 000 ÖÖÖO SPEED EASE OF USE EASE OF USE SPEED EFFICIENCY EFFICIENCY Drawing inspiration from motoeross racing in the early 1970s, the term "BMX" is now used to encompass BMX race bikes, freestyle bikes for tricks and stunts and dirt jumpers, a fusion of BMX bikes and freestyle bikes. Key to their design are knobby tires, smaller frames and upright handlebars. Designed for riding on dirt trails and other off-road terrain, its construetion differs from a typical bieyele: suspension on the frame and fork, large knobby tires, more powerful brakes, and lower gear ratios needed for steep grades with poor traction. Freight Bicycle aka Cargo Bike EASE OF USE 0000 SPEED ÖÖÖO EFFICIENCY 00 Designed and constructed specifically for transporting large loads such as food, mail or warehouse inventory. Tricycle aka Trike EASE OF USE O000 SPEED OÖÖÖ EFFICIENCY 000 ICE CREAM Due to its constant upright balance, children are often introduced to this three-wheeled vehicle before learning how to ride a bicycle. Sources: Gail Gibbons' "Bicycle Book" / Hugh McManners' "Biking: An Outdoor Adventure Handbook" / Richard Ballantine's "Richard's 21st-Century Bicycle Book" / http://news.discovery.com/adventure/the-top-7-health-benefits-of-cycling.htm http://www.bikeradar.com/road/fitness/article/30-reasons-to-take-up-cycling-23965/ http://shastings.hubpages.com/hub/Five-Health-Facts-about-Cycling http://www.bmx-bike.com/content/How_to_choose_a_BMX_Bike.htm O FOLDINGBIKESGUIDE

Guide To Cycling!

shared by JPalmer on Feb 20
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The ultimate guide to cycling! All the different types of bicycles including folding bikes.

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