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Theoretical Limits

141,000bn bn bn C* TEMPERATURE OF THE BIG BANG 35,800km* SPACE ELEVATOR CABLE THEORETICAL LIMITS Everything has a limit. But which are theoretical? Meet the minimums and maximums of our Universe. * = THEORETICAL LIMIT • NATURAL. • HUMAN. FASTEST SPEED 1,228km/h SPEED OF LIGHT ON LAND ThrustSSC. 1,358km/h 124 million m/s FASTEST SKYDIVE THROUGH DIAMOND 225 million m/s 7,274km/h" THROUGH WATER FASTEST MANNED FLIGHT 26km •X-15. STEEL 300 million m/s THROUGH AIR TEMPERATURES 22km 25km ALUMINIUM HIGHEST MOUNTAIN ON MARS 122C • Olympus Mons. HIGHEST AT WHICH LIFE CAN EXIST 56.7C 250kg HIGHEST ON EARTH HEAVIEST FLYING ANIMAL . Quetzalcoatlus • 8.9km HIGHEST MOUNTAIN ON EARTH • Mount Everest. 25,000km/h* IN AIR • Scramjet . -20C STEEPEST ANGLE OF DESCENT LOWEST AT WHICH WITHOUT SLIPPING LIFE CAN EXIST -38.8C 45° * WET SAND MERCURY BECOMES SOLID 2.5km 38° * SNOW 35° * DRY SAND 3,335km COPPER DISTANCE A CAR CAN DRIVE 440m ON ONE LITRE OF FUEL Microjoule car • CONCRETE -89.2C LOWEST ON EARTH MAX. LENGTH 71g 830m 162m MATERIAL HEAVIEST INSECT TALLEST BUILDING · Burj Khalifa - SUPPORTS ITS WEIGHT TALLEST CHURCH • Giant weta . • Ulm Minster • 115m MAX. TREE HEIGHT • California redwood. 10 PRIMARY COLOURS PRIMARY COLOURS SEEN BY AN ANIMAL [INCLUDING UV AND INFRARED LIGHT] •Mantis shrimp. 9. SEEN BY A HUMAN ITEMS STORABLE IN HUMAN WORKING MEMORY 77,000kg 0.54m 2.72m 44km/h 64km/h* 122 years HEAVIEST LAND ANIMAL SHORTEST ADULT TALLEST ADULT FASTEST HUMAN FASTEST A HUMAN OLDEST HUMAN • Titanosaur . •Chandra B. Dangi. .Robert Wadlow. .Usain Bolt. COULD RUN Jeanne L. Calment. 150* SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS A HUMAN CAN 200kHz 20kHz HIGHEST PITCH AUDIBLE MAINTAIN •Bat. ·Human. 188DB 129dB LOUDEST NOISE 69 112,000 3.3bn 149bn •Blue Whale . •Human. BASE PAIRS BASE PAIRS BASE PAIRS MOST CHILDREN BORN TO ONE MOTHER •Feodor Vassilyev . SMALLEST HUMAN LARGEST KNOWN GENOME GENOME KNOWN GENOME Nasuia Paris japonica . deltocephalinicola · SMELL RECEPTOR 1,948 396 GENES African Elephant. Human. 50* MOST TIMES A HUMAN CELL CAN DIVIDE NUMBER OF SPECIES THAT WOULD NORMALLY BECOME EXTINCT EACH YEAR: 0.1" PER MILLION NUMBER OF SPECIES CURRENTLY BECOMING EXTINCT EACH YEAR: T00 PER MILLION "The only way of discovering the limits of the possible is to venture a little way past them into the impossible" ARTHUR C. CLARKE BBC ibstudio for FUTURE Source: bit.ly/TheoreticalLimits

Theoretical Limits

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Everything has a limit. Meet the minimums and maximums of our universe in our infographic for BBC Future.

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BBC Future

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Science
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