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Stats from two citizen science projects

FROM THE OCEANS TO MARS: OPPORTUNITIES AND RESULTS FROM TWO ONLINE CITIZEN SCIENCE ACTIVITIES GAVIA UNDERATER mapper SUBSEAOBSERVERS MOST ENGAGED COUNTRIES FOR mapper (% of Total Pages Visited) Reddit 37% HELP ASSESS THE HEALTH AND ABUNDANCE OF THE EAST COAST SCALLOP FISHERY HELP NASA FIND LIFE ON MARS Bangladesh 3% Canada 12% BY EXPLORING THE LAKES OF BRITISH COLUMBIA Facebook 37% Tumblr mapper launched as a science 16% Multiple people evaluate Prototype Launch August 2012 tool for PLRP science team What is it? SubseaObservers (SO) is an online citizen science activity that enables members of the general public to help the US government manage the East Coast scallop fishery. As opposed to traditional dredge-based surveying techniques, So provides a means of participating in an innovative new Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) based approach that takes been collected, scallops can be counted and sized without disturbing them, other marine wildlife, or their habitats. What is it? The photo is uploaded to Subsea July 2010 AUV takes a photo MAPPER is an online activity that enables members of the general public to contribute real science to NASA's Pavilion Lake Research Project (PLRP). Contributions to MAPPER help the PLRP science team characterize microbialites examples of some of the earliest forms of life on Earth which can be found in Pavilion and Kelly Lakes in British Columbia, Canada. Blogger 7% and tag the photo Beta Launch Others 2% Wordpress India 3% October 2012 THE SUBSEA PROCESS MOST ENGAGED SOCIAL NETWORKS (% of Total Pages Visited) US 34% s photos of the seafloor. Once the photos have Why this science is important Studying microbialites is important to astrobiology since they're an ancient form of life capable of thriving in extreme environments. This means here and how they grow, how r aiuod here on Earth (ie v Australia 2% All the tags together, pinned to map locations, characterize scallop density, health That set of tags, characterizing scalop densities and sies, is then pinned to a map Public Launch Revamped for public participation March 2011 All the tags are distiled down to December 2012 one representative set of tags for that photo Why this activity is important that the better microbialites are Preliminary launch in participation June 2011 Brazil 7% student groups Each year, between 15,000 and 25,000 metric tons of sea $450 depth, light, and temperature impact development, Multiple people evaluate and tag the photo scallop meat are fished from mid-Atlantie waters. In 2010 alone, sea scallop landings accounted for $450 million dollars. Managing the fishery is important to ensure that it is not over- harvested while continuing to meet demand for product. By analyzing the seafloor images, participants play a direct role in ensuring that surveys are as accurate and e as possible, which provides information that's critical to etc), the better scientists can pin-point where to search for DeepWorker takes a photo The photo is uploaded to Argentina 2% specific signs of microbiat life on other planets. France 5% Germany 6% PLRP 2011 field season launch There are about 135 scallops in an area the size of a football field NASA's Pavilion Lake Research Project (PLRP) Scientific research at Pavilion Lake has been ongoing since the mid-1990's, and the PLRP was officially formed by Dr. Darlene Lim (NASA ARC) and Dr. Bernard Laval (UBC) in 2004. Since then, the project has grown to include partnerships with additional NASA field centers, the Canadian Space Agency, the National Geographic Society, McMaster University, the University of Delaware, Nuytco Research Ltd, an support personnel. Over this time, the project has evolved into an analogue for human space exploration where mission operations scenarios can be tested platforms (piloted DeepWorker submersibles, SCUBA divers, and Autonomous Underwater Vehicles) under realistic environmental mapper July 2011 MILLION 2010 SEA THE MAPPER PROCESS ad comprehensive Others 21% ng tair and environmentally sensitive catch limits. In All he tags booer characterize all of the features in the lake All the tags are distied down to one sepresentut set of tags for set of tags participants have an opportunity to learn about SCALLOP LANDINGS Total Photos Tagged conservation, the scallop fishery, and haw advanced robatics in conjunction with citizen seience can help reduce the environmental impact of commercial operations, 4. and over 120 research and Den pinoed to a NASA Web feature Total Users Sept 26, 2011 1000th user Sept 29, 2011 UPTO 25,000 METRIC TONS The Project 1,078,000+ using a combination of sensor 4,500+ Researchers at the University of Delaware have teamed up with Associates and the fishing vessel Christian and OF SEA SCALLOP MEAT FISHED EACH YEAR Alexa (co-captained by Arthur Ochse and Kenneth Ochsel to develop a new method for surveying the Mid-Atlantic Bight sea scallop population using seafloor photographs. As o constraints while pursuing real science objectives. OUT OF THE 25 TOP CONTRIBUTORS ALGAE70% Gizmodo, Reddit threads, social media Oct 2, 2011 More than 3 people have characterized each photo of Aigae o traditional dredge-based techniques, the CHEATERS team employs the Gavia Scientific AUV platform for survey runs, and their AUV is equipped with side-scan sonar, bathymetric sonar, a digital video camera, and a suite of sensors for measuring dissolved oxygen, turbidity. temperature, density and salinity. Using an AUV, the team can survey roughly 2x as much area as traditional dredge- based techniques in about 1/3 the time while recording information about seafloor topography and water quality. all without damaging marine habitats. Of mapper's top 1,000 contributors, just 5 people were found to have submitted low quality' data MICROBIALITE 10% Matt of the micerobialite photos 250,000 Images recorded over 10 days in 2011 to conduct AUV-based scallop survey ID Lab Complete Nova been cbaracterized once 2,145+ Oct 23, 2011 MEDIA COVERAGE The combined submissions from these 5 people represents just 0.3% of all contributions ID LAB: 120% COMPLETE An annual catch of 25 metric tons = 4,300 football fields per year of dredge area 33% 67% At least 6different people have tagged every photo in the set gizmodo Universe Today PC Gamer MSNBC Total person-hours (~3 person-months) 1,000,000th photo tagged March 14, 2012 Publications to date based on mapper eeee Middle 20% of contributors 2nd lowest 20% of contributors NASA Top 20% of contributors 2nd highest 20% of contributors Bottom 20% 20 SEASON SUMMARY 2011 Dredge <1 hour 4-5 knots of contributors Techtudo Mars Daily KurzweilAI.net Total Tags 1,500,000+ 3 hours 3.5-4 knots Optical images (scallop counts, sizes, weight estimates - calculated) Side scan and multi beam sonar (3D topography) Water quality Mission duration Data analysis complete Dec 2012 S dataset (in prep) Data collected Scallop counts and sizes, meat weight estimates (actual) Season Total Missions 27 scistarter.com physorg.com spacehack.org Science et Vie Season Total Line Length (m) Season Total Area Surveyed (m^2) Season Total Density (Scallops/m^2) 312814 Effectiveness Designed and known to be less Potential to image 100% of scallops in than 100% effective Significant 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 607680 their natural habitat Interactive Map launch March 2013 Earth Periodical Percent of total contributions 0.027 None MODERN Author: NICK WILKINSON (Modern Science) INIVERSITYOF DELAWARE. NOAA wwW.GETMAPPER.COM WWw.SUBSEAOBSERVERS.COM wWW.MODERNSCIENCE.NET NASA Co-Authors: SCIENCE DR. DARLENE LIM (NASA Ames Research Center) DR. ART TREMBANIS (University of Delaware)

Stats from two citizen science projects

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This infographic was presented at the conference on Public Participation in Scientific Research 2012 in Portland. It details two citizen science projects developed by Modern Science.

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