Click me

Solar system - The Sun and 8 planets

SOLAR SYSTEM THE SUN & 8 DWARFS Solar system is located within the Milky Way - the galaxy that contains more than 200 billion stars. Sun and 8 planets of the solar system were formed about 4.6 billion years ago. MAX DISTANCE from the Sun* TIME DISTANCE 147 152 light travels at 300 000 km/s Gn minutes) mil km mil km (in million km) SUN *mean value TYPE: Star 1.98 x 1030 1.4 x 1018 MASS (kg VOLUME (m) SCALE DIAMETER (km) 1,391,016 SYMBOL SURFACE TEMP. °C) 5,500 MOONS: 10000 000 km Let's start *Example the Journey.. 1027 -1 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 27 zeros 58 MERCURY MIN MAX mil km MERCURY 77 O 222 mil km 3.2 min TYPE: Planet mil km MASS (kg) 3.3 x 1023 VOLUME (m 6.1 - 1010 DIAMETER Okm) 4,879 SYMBOL SURFACE TEMP. (°C) -173 / +427 MOONS: 108 VENUS MIN MAX 6.01 min mil km 38 261 TYPE: Planet MASS (kg). 4.9 x 1024 VENUS mil km mil km VOLUME (m) 9.3 x 1011 DIAMETER km) 12,102 SYMBOL SURFACE TEMP. (°C) +462 MOONS: DISTANCE from Farth 150 DISTANCE EARTH 384 400 mil km from Earth TYPE: Planet EARTH (milion km) 8.3 min MASS (kg): 5.9 x 1024 VOLUME (m) 1.1 * 1012 DIAMETER (km): SURFACE TEMP. (°C) -88 / +58 12,742 SYMBOL MOONS: 1 (The Moon) MOON (natural satellite) ( • 74 x 1022 2.2 x 1010 MASS g VOLUME (m3): DIAMETER (km): 3,475 SURFACE TEMP. (°C) -233/ +123 MOONS: 228 MARS MIN mil km 56 401 TYPE: Planet MARS mil km 12.7 min MASS (kg) 6.4 x 1023 VOLUME (m) 1.6 x 1011 DIAMETER Okm) 6,779 SYMBOL CHANGE OF SCALE SURFACE TEMP. °C) -87 to -5 MOONS: 2 (Phobos,Deimos 100000 000km ASTEROIDS DIAMETER: from 100 m to 1000 km COMPOSITION: Asteroids are made of rock metals and other elements INNER SOLAR SYSTEM OUTER SOLAR SYSTEM 778 JUPITER MIN MAX mil km 629 928 TYPE: Planet JUPITER milkm MASS (kg) 1.9 x 1027 VOLUME (m 1.4 * 1015 43.3 min DIAMETER Okm) 139,822 SYMBOL SURFACE TEMP. (°C) -148 MOONS: 64 1.4 SATURN MIN MAX TYPE: Planet billion km 1.2 1.67 MASS (kg): 5.7 x 1026 SATURN billion bilion 73 min km VOLUME (m). 8.3 x 1014 DIAMETER (km): 116,464 SYMBOL SURFACE TEMP. (°C) -185 MOONS: 62 2.9 billion km 2,57 O 3.15 URANUS MIN MAX TYPE: Planet URANUS MASS (hg) 8.7 x 1025 billion 160 min km km VOLUME (m) 6.8 x 1013 DIAMETER (km): 50,724 SYMBOL SURFACE TEMP. (°C) -224 MOONS: 27 No. this is not the end . Let's move on! COMETS DIAMETER (nucleus): from 100 m to 50 km COMPOSITION: Comets are composed of rock, dust, water ice, and frozen gases such as carbon monoxide., carbon dioxide, methane and ammonia. DISTANCE from the Sun" (km) 4.5 NEPTUNE MIN 4.3 4.5 billion km 256 min TYPE Planet billion balion 1.02 x 1026 6.3 - 1013 MASS (g) NEPTUNE km km VOLUME (m3) DIAMETER (km): 49,244 SYMBOL CHANGE OF SURFACE TEMP. (°C) -218 SCALE MOONS: 13 1000 000 000 km 5.9 4.2 PLUTO MAX 7.5 billion km billion TYPE: Dwarf Planet 405 min 1.3 x 1022 km MASS (kg) PLUTO VOLUME (m) 6.4 * 10° DIAMETER (km) 2,274 SYMBOL SURFACE TEMP. (°C) -223 MOONS KUIPER BELT Area that extends beyond the outer region of the solar system lextending from the orbit Neptune) and consists mainly of small bodies - frozen volatiles (termed "ices"), such as methane. ammonia and water. 21.24 billion km O 1417 min (-23 hours) END OF HELIOSPHERE 16 bilion km STOP OUTER EDGES OF SOLAR SYSTEM Interstellar space THE MILKY WAY Probably. you are now thinking that our Solar system is really huge and immense. However, take a look where are we within our own, even larger and more spacious - the Milky Way galaxy. 100,000 light years 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 km CENTER OF THE GALAXY 28.000 = 280112 044 817 927 170 km light years Solar system SUN AND PLANETS The size of the planets and their position within the Solar system "planets are not to scale INNER OUTER SOLAR SYSTEM SOLAR SYSTEM (Sun. Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars) (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus. Neptune and Pluta) Sun Earth Venus Mars Jupiter Saturn Mercury Uranus Neptune Pluto* 1,3 million Earths can fit inside the Sun * In 2006 reclassified as a "dwarf planet" | 15,700,000 °C Temperature at the Sun's core ID CARD THE MOST ... PLANET THE BIGGEST THE SMALLEST THE WARMEST Jupiter Mercury Venus DATE OF BIRTH: 10x that of Earth 2,5x less than Earth 462 °C 4,6 years ago hillion THE COLDEST THE WINDIEST THE FASTEST (orbital velocity) PLACE OF BIRTH: Uranus Neptune Mercury The Milky Way -224 °C 2 100 km/h 170 503 km/h NUMBER OF "INHABITANTS"* = 710 000 171 *stars, planets, satellites asteroids and other small space objects that are known to scientists 1 DWARF PLANETS PLANETS 3164 700 000*> COMETS STAR MOONS ASTEROIDS "known and classified by scientists COMPOSITION OF THE PLANETARY ATMOSPHERES Planets are divided into two groups: TERRESTRIAL or ROCKY planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars) and GASEOUS PLANETS (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Naptun). The rocky planets are rich in heavier gases and gaseous compounds, such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen, oxygen, ozone, and argon. In contrast, the gas giant atmospheres are composed mostly of hydrogen and helium. An example of the rocky planet - Earth and gaseous planet - Saturn. EARTH SATURN 3,2% • 0,5% (CH4. NH3 C2Hg) 1% . (CO2. Ar. H20) 21% (0) (He) Hydrogen Nitrogen Охудen Carbon Dioxide, Argon, 78% water vapor 96,3% (N) (H) Helium Methane, Ammonia, Ethane MISSION IMPOSSIBLE Let's say your friend John, lives on Neptune, the farthest planet of our Solar system. If you want to go on a "walk" to his house (hypothetically of course) - how long do you think it will take to reach his house? Depending on the mode of travel and means of transport you would need at least 4 hours and up to 170 000 years. Of course, do not forget to go back home. I choose to travel at the Speed of light, and you:-) * The calculation is actually based on an impossible premise travel by these vehicles (except space rocket) and provided to travel straight and without interruption, and that the planets do not move. These calculations are for informational purposes only. Earth Neptune E O km 4 498 396 000 km On foot, 3km/h = 170 000 years By bicycle. 10km/h 51 500 years By car, 190km/h = 2 700 years By plane. 800km/h = 640 years By space rocket, 100 000km/h = 5 years At the Speed of light, 300 000 km/s = 4h 11m i 27s TIME START DID YOU KNOW? Right now, while you're reading this - you are traveling on Earth through Space at the speed of T07 218 km/h ) Distances in the Solar system are measured in AU units (Astronomical Unit). 1 AU = 150 000 000 km. 2) Sunlight takes about 8 minutes 19 seconds to reach the Earth (based on the average distance). 3) Milky Way contains billions of stars and galaxies, which are located within our Solar system. 4) The amount of energy the Sun emits every second is the equivalent of 100 billion one-megaton nuclear weapons exploding in one second! What a fireworks!? 5) The hottest planet isn't Mercury (closest to the sun) - it's Venus with the average temperature of 462° C 6) The Sun contains 99.86 percent of the Solar system's known mass and dominates it gravitationally. 7) It is impossible to "land" on Saturn's "Ring" because it actually consists of millions and millions of pieces of ice, dust and rocks scattered around Saturn. 8) Why can't we feel Earth's spin? As long as Earth spins steadily - and moves at a constant rate in orbit around the sun - you as an earthly passenger move right along with it. You don't feel the Earth spin because you, the atmosphere, skyscrapers, and everything else are spinning along with the Earth at the same constant speed. 9) Mercury alternately bakes and freezes, depending on what side is lit by the Sun. The sunlit side can reach up to 950° F (510° C) and the dark side can drop as low as -346° F (-210° C) 10) Asteroids are chunks of rock that measure in size from a few feet to several miles in diameter. SAVE THE EARTH! The Earth is a special and unique planet the only one on which there are sufficient conditions for life. So, let's love and save the Earth because it is the only planet in our solar surroundings where we are going to live for a long, long time. SOURCES: NASA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (www.nasa gov) JPL Solar System Dynamics Chttp://ssd.jpl.nasa gov/) Universe Today ( EarthSky ( Wikipedia C System) NFOGRAPHC DESIGN BY stEDas DIZAJN Copyright © Stedas dizajn 2012. ( DISTANCE rom Earth rom Earth KUIPER ASTERQID BELT BELT

Solar system - The Sun and 8 planets

shared by stedas on Oct 24
1 comment
Solar system is located within the Milky Way - the galaxy that contains more than 200 billion stars. The Sun and 8 planets of the Solar system were formed about 4.6 billion years ago. Infographic show...


Did you work on this visual? Claim credit!

Get a Quote

Embed Code

For hosted site:

Click the code to copy


Click the code to copy
Customize size