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Seizures By The Numbers

SEIZURES BY THE NUMBERS There are many interesting facts about seizures and epilepsy that can best be explained using numbers. Patients often want very exact information, and for many important issues, research has yielded very precise quantification. The following is a list of interesting and important numbers pertinent to those with seizures: 50 MILLION 0000 000000000 000000Ó 000 000 000 PEOPLE HAVE 0000000000 00000 000 EPILEPSY WORLDWIDE 9% of all people will have at least one That's 1-2% of the world's seizure in their lifetime. population with epilepsy D000 D0000 3/д Of those people in developing countries do not get the treatment they need. 00 40-50% If you have a first seizure in your life, what is the chance you will have a second seizure in the next two years? 25% Normal exam, EEG and MRI Exam, EEG and/or MRI are abnormal 50% 30% First seizure med If you have the first seizure in your life, what is the chance your seizures will be completely controlled? 10% Second seizure med 3% People who continue to Third seizure med have seizures despite >3 medication trials. HOW LONG DO SEIZURES LAST FOR? 30-60 Seconds Typical Seizure Status epilepticus is prolonged seizure activity that can be severe and even 30 Minutes Status Epilepticus life-threatening. HISTORY OF EPILEPSY 11th Century BCO Approximate date that the oldest known medical reference to epilepsy was written. It was written on two clay tablets found separately in Turkey and Iraq. The translation provides a clear description of seizure activity. O 400 BC Date Hippocrates wrote The Sacred Disease. This medical text was the first to describe seizures as coming from the brain. It should be noted that there is some controversy as to whether or not Hippocrates was the author of this important text. 1857 O Potassium bromide is introduced to treat seizures. This is the first scientifically validated seizure medication. 1886 Modern era of epilepsy surgery begins: Sir Victor Horsley successfully performs brain surgery on a patient with focal seizures due to a depressed skull fracture. 1929 O First EEG was used to record human brain waves. Written by: Dr. James White, MD Minnesota Epilepsy Group, P.A. Design by: Brian Owens www.mnepilepsy.org SOURCE: Berg, Neurology, 1991 Kwan and Brodie, NEJM, 2000

Seizures By The Numbers

shared by bowens on Jun 08
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There are many interesting facts about seizures and epilepsy that can best be explained using numbers. Patients often want very exact information, and for many important issues, research has yielded v...

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