Transcript

The Psychology of Music

THE PSYCHOLOGY MUSIC There's more to why we like music than just a catchy beat or an easy karaoke tune. Dozens of receptors in our brain respond to different musical aspects like tone, rhythm and lyrics, determining the qualities we personally like and dislike. Don't let music just go in one ear and out the other-learn how to interpret your brain's response to music, the benefits of listening to it and the importance of music education. HOW DOES MUSIC ENTER THE BRAIN? The movement of the fluid stimulates tiny nerve Three tiny bones in the middle ear amplify the sound waves before they enter the inner ear cells which convert The outer ear "catches" the sound waves and direct them into the ear canal where they meet the eardrum before passing into the middle ear Sound waves into electrical impulses. Inside the inner ear, sound waves enter the fluid-filled cochlea. Music originates as vibrations, which form sound waves as they propagate through the air The auditory nerve transmits the electrical impulses to the brain, where they will be interpreted as sound. PARTS OF THE BRAIN AFFECTED BY MUSIC Music involves more parts of the brain than any other function that people perform. FONALITY Prefrontal cortex LYRICS Cerebellum Temporal lobe Wernicke's area Broca's area (Depending Upon the Music) Visual cortex (imagining parts of the music) RHYTHM Motor cortex (tapping toes) Emotional responses Left frontal cortex Left parietal cortex Right cerebellum OTHER EFFECTS OF MUSIC ON THE BRAIN Over time, listening to music can improve: Music is known to help heal some neurological disorders: Au revoir LANGUAGE SKILLS. CREATIVITY HAPPINESS -ALZHEIMER'S PARKINSON'S TOURETTES healing powers of music: CAUTISM DECREASE ANXIETY SPEED HEALING- INCREASE OPTIMISM DECREASE PAIN SUPER MIND MUSIC Specific brainwave rhythms are associated with specific emotional and cognitive outcomes. Matching music with brain waves to induce a particular response or state of mind GAMMA WAVES 30-34 - 100+ Hz (gycles per secOnd) The brain's optimal frequency and brain function Associated with increased compassion Greater awareness of reality and increased mental abilities Found in every part of the brain, as a binding mechanism between all parts of the brain BETA WAVES wm m 12-30 Hz (oyes per second Low Beta waves: Concentration, Alertness wwwwam Monrm Lack of low Beta activity associated with disorders: ADD, addiction, OCD and anxiety disorders Mon High Beta waves: Stress, Anxiety, Flight reactions ALPHA WAVES 8-12 Hz (cycles per second) Occur during relaxation and daydreams MM Effortless state of consciousness Occurs when watching some television Children play in Alpha Serotonin release occurs at an Alpha frequency of 10HZ rmti THETA WAVES 4-8 Hz (cycles per second) Occur when the conscious mind is disengaged www.w REM sleep, Deep meditation, Hypnosis The planet Earth resonates at a Thetà frequency of 7.83HZ DELTA WAVES A 0-4 Hz ydles per second) Slowest brain wave activity Occur during deep dreamless sleep Observed predominantly in newborns and infants Rarely occur in adults THE IMPORTANCE OF MUSIC TO EDUCATION Students taking courses in music performance and music appreciation scored higher on the SAT than students who didn't 53 points higher on verbal 61 points higher on verbal 39 points higher on math 42 points higher on math MUSIC PERFORMANCE STUDENTS MUSIC APPRECIATION STUDENTS 66% Music students receive more Music majors comprise the highest percentage of accepted medical students academic honors and awards than non-music students Music training is far better than computer instruction in improving children's abstract reasoning skills With music instruction in schools, teachers found that students were less aggressive The psychology of music makes it clear how profoundly important music education is to the success of individuals MAKE A DIFFERENCE IN THE WORLD AS A MUSIC EDUCATOR The University of Florida online Master of Music in Music Earn Your Masters of Music Online at the University of Florida and Learn Why Music Education is Vital Education program can help you apply your advanced knowledge into a richer, deeper musical experience for you and your students UNIVERSITY of FLORIDA Faculty of nationally and internationally recognized teachers, researchers, conductos, authors and clinicians 100% online format is adaptable to your schedule Start during any fall, spring or Opportunities to connect and collaborate with a diverse group of talented peers in the music education field summer semester and complete the program in as few as two years The university meets the highest educational standards, and has earned regional and national accreditations: Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS) National Association of Schools of Music (NASM) NASM NCATE National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) SOURCES: http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/ife/human biology/hearing htm http://simplehearing.ca/test/hearing help/how hearing works/ http://o9.com/5837976/what happeris to-your brain under the influence of music http://www.npr.org/termplates/transoript/franscript.php?storyld-136859090 htp://evolutionezine.com/how.does music affect-our body-and brain plus listen-to-super mind-music-for-free/ http://supermindmusic.com/How II Works html http://musicyourmind.com/meditation/beta alpha thela-delta http://www.childrernsmusicworkshop.com/advocacy/factsandstatistics.html hittp://www.mpsaz.ory/thodes/staff/rkuczynski/6tv/iles/musicfacts pdi http://musiceducation.arts.ul.edu/ http://www.arts.ul.edu/welcome/music/about.aspx UF UNIVERSITY of FLORIDA http://musiceducalion.arts.ull.edu/

The Psychology of Music

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There’s more to why we like music than just a catchy beat or an easy karaoke tune.

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