One Giant Leap

SS We choose to go to the moon in this decade... not because they are easy, but because they are On October 4, 1957 the former pursuits. And so, less than 1 year later, the Unted States launched Explorer 1, and thus, the space race began. In his speech on September 12, 1962, President John F Kennedy a man on the moon. USSR launched the world's And indeed, by the end of first arti ficial satellite, Sputnik 1, effectively inaugurating the Space Age. Much to United Sta tes' consternation, Russia hard, because that goal will serve to organize the 1960s, the US did place two men on the moon, and measure the best of our energies and skills, catapulting the United States because that challenge is one that we are willing to the forefront of the race for had outpaced the United States' technological and scientifical to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win... PRESIDENTKENNEDY, 1962 announced that before the end a dvanced spatial exploration and aviation technology, of the decade, the US will pla ce Upon ne aring the point of reentry into Earths atmosphere, Located in Merrit Island, Florida, the space station was created for the Apollo Space Exploration program in 1962. After Kennedy's de ath in 1963, thên President Lyndon B Johnson decided to name the Space the service mo dule was jettisoned off, leaving only the command inodule, Columbia, to return to earth The as tronauts safely splashed down into the Pacific Ocean at 1651 on July 24 Center after the former president, in commendment of his devotionto spatial explorat ion. It was here that the Saturn V rocket launched Apollo 11 into the After casting off the Apollo 11 spacecraft, the Saturn V rocket would crash down into the Atlant it ocean outer orbit of the earth. SATURN V ROCKET KENNEDY SPACE STATION Design and developm ent overse en by German engineer Wernher von Braun. The rocket, consisting of three stages, SHC, S-11, and S-IVB, and bearing the Apollo 11 space craft, took off from the parking orbit, at an altitude pf-191 km. launch pad at roughlye?. Upon readching an altitude of 108 kilom eters, the spacecraft to Lower Earth Orbit (180 km altitude) separated as well. The S-IVB remained attached to Apollo 11 while it orbited the Earth twice in the SHČ separated and fell tothe Atlantic Ocean. At this point, the second stage, S-11, ignited, and after propelling the Finally, the S-VB ignited once m ore to enter the lunar traject ory, at which point, the Control Service Module separat ed from the S-VB, and docked with the Lunar Module. ICOMMAND SERVICE MODULE Grumman LUNAR MODULE BUZZ ALDRIN .. .lunar module pilot Designed by Designed by Consisted of two parts, the ascent st ageand the descent stage. The ascent state housed the crew, system displays/controls, fuel/oxygen tanks. The descent stage carried the equipment the astronauts The CSM consisted of MICHAEL COLLINS NEIL ARMSTRONG t wo pařts - the command module and the service command service module pilot mission commander .modile. The command module houses the equipment needed for reentry to the Earth. The service module provided. propulsion, electrical power, was used for storage. The service module would As the lunar m odule would use on the moon, a de scended to the moon, "Armstrong and Aldrin realized they were scheduled to land on rocket engine, landing gear, and fuel/oxygen tanks. The descent st age controlled the landing for entry. For relaunch, explosive bolts separated the two stages. the descent stage serving as a launca pad and left eventually be discarded as the csm neared the a cratet-dense surface. Armstrong guided the point of èntry into Earth's atmosphere, allowing the substantially sm aller control module to splash down into the Pacific Ocean. craft to a flatter area with less than 30 seconds of fuel left. From there, the *astronauts prepared the ascenț stage for relaunch, took rest and then began their exploration of the lunar surface. At 22:56, Arm strong stepped onto the surface of the moon. behind on the moon. 22:56 20.07.69 ONE GIANT LEAP FULFILLING A PROMISE: HOW THE US ACCOMPLISHED THE IMPOSSIBLE AND PUT A MAN ON THE MOON

One Giant Leap

shared by narrina on May 05
An infographic detailing the technical aspects of the first moon landing of 1969


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