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How Much Do Elements Cost? The Price of 75 Elements Per Kilogram

How Much Do Elements Cost? THE PRICE OF 75 ELEMENTS PER KILOGRAM •Uses (USD/KG) • Atomic weapons 209PO • Reducing static electricity in machinery *Spacecraft, satellites $49.2 trillion Polonium-209 225 Ac •Targeted alpha therapy (for cancer treatment) $29 trillion Actinium-255 99mTc •Medical diagnostics $1.9 trillion Technetium-99m 249 Bk • Ingredient for synthesizing heavier elements by charged particle bombardment $185 billion Berkelium-249 249 Cf • Metal detectors •Identifying gold and silver ores •Detection of metal fatigue in planes $185 billion Californium-249 248 Cm • Ingredient for production of plutonium-238 (which is used for artificial pacemakers and spacecraft) $160 billion Curium-248 • Military use for detection of projectiles and explosives • Locating layers of petroleum and water in wells •Nuclear 252Cf reactors • Cancer $60 billion Californium-252 treatment 244Cm •Spacecraft (power source for radioisotope thermoelectric generators) $185 million Curium-244 239PU •Nuclear weapons •Nuclear reactor fuel $6.49 million Plutonium-239 A 241 Am $728,000 •Smoke detectors Americium-241 » Plutonium production »Possible nuclear weapon use $660,000 Np Neptunium »Used to detect high-energy neutrons 147Pm •X-ray devices •Nuclear batteries $460,000 Promethium-147 Rh »Automobile catalytic converters $147,000 Rhodium Tc »Radioactive isotope medical tests • Equipment calibration •Nanoscale nuclear batteries $100,000 Technetium Cs •Drilling fluids for oil •Atomic clocks »Electronics $61,800 Cesium Ir » Salts and acids formed »Spark plugs with chlorine $56,200 •Deep-water pipes Iridium Pd •Catalytic converters $49,500 •Dentistry »Musical instruments Palladium Au •Money •Jewelry •Electronics $44,800 Gold Pt »Vehicle emissions control devices •Chemical catalyst •Jewelry $27,800 Platinum Rb »Fireworks (purple color) •Vacuum tubes $15,500 Rubidium Os •Fountain pen fips • Fingerprint detection $12,000 Osmium Ru »Electrical applications $10,400 Ruthenium TI »Electronic devices »Fiber optics •Camera lenses $4,200 Thallium Sc » Aerospace components •Sports equipment • Mercury vapor lamps (used to replicate sunlight in film studios) $3,460 Scandium Re •Oven filaments •X-ray machines »Jet engines $3,010 Rhenium Tm • Lasers »X-rays $3,000 Thulium Xe » Flash and arc lamps •General anesthetic $1,800 Xenon Ge » Fiber and infrared •Solar electronics $1,010 optics Germanium Hf Hafnium •Nuclear reactors •Microprocessors »Isotope geochemistry $900 Ве Beryllium » Aerospace material (such as gears and cogs) • Spacecraft $857 Tb $643 Terbium •Low-energy light bulbs •Crystal stabilizer in fuel cells Ag $521 Silver •Money •Jewelry •Wound dressings •Medical devices V $385 Vanadium •Vanadium-steel alloys for tough tools such as axles, cutting devices, piston rods Dy $307 Dysprosium »Data storage (compact discs) •Commercial lighting Та $298 Tantalum »Electronics (phones, DVD players, gaming systems) Kr $290 Krypton »Flash photography » Fluorescent lighting Ne $240 Neon •Neon signs •Vacuum tubes •Cryogenic refrigerant Ga • Semiconductors, transistors, small electronics • LEDS $148 Gallium U •Nuclear fuel $101 Uranium Li • Batteries • Lubricants »Flux additives for iron $85 Lithium Те •Vulcanizing rubber •Glass and ceramic tint •CDS and DVDS $63.50 Tellurium Но • Magnets and magnetic fields (highest magnetic strength of any element) $57 Holmium Zr » Pipes •Colored glazes •Gemstones $37 Zirconium W »Automobiles »Metal alloys •High-speed steel $35 Tungsten » Pharmaceuticals and disinfectants » Inks and dyes •Animal feed supplements $35 lodine Co » Blue and green dye • Aircraft engine parts •Cancer treatment $32.80 Cobalt (radioactive 60CO) Hg •Thermometers and barometers $30.20 Mercury Не »Inflation of balloons • Pressurization of fuel tanks $24 Helium Se » Red-colored glass and enamel $21 •Solar cells Selenium Sn •High-polish coating for metals Soldering $19 Tin Ni » Batteries •Coating of other materials $14 Nickel K »Fertilizers •Detergents •Gunpowder $13 Potassium Ti •Aircraft •Spacecraft •Missiles $1 Titanium Cr » Steel alloys »Metal ornamentation (creates a polished mirror look) $9 Chromium Bi •Cosmetics »Fire extinguishers • Pepto-Bismol $6 Bismuth Cu •Wiring, motors •Roofing • Plumbing $6 Сopper Sb •Batteries • Bullets •Flame-retardant materials $6 Antimony Br • Agricultural chemicals » Pharmaceuticals $4 Bromine В » Medicine and health supplements $4 Boron •Matches • Pyrotechnics $3 Phosphorous Na »Food additive • Heat exchange in nuclear reactor $3 Sodium Zn •Paints •Cosmetics • Pharmaceuticals $2.50 Zinc Mg • Medicine $2 • Lightweight products » Fireworks Magnesium Са •Cleaning and hygiene products (calcium carbonate) $2 Calcium Pb • Batteries •Ammunition •Weights $2 Lead F •Glass etching » Electric tower insulation • Dentistry $2 Fluorine Al » Packaging •Aerospace parts $2 Aluminum Si •Ceramics, bricks »Metal alloys • Silicones $1.50 Silicon » Plastic production • Fat and oil hydrogenation $1.30 •Rocket fuel Hydrogen Fe Iron •Civil engineering »Metal alloys $0.40 $0.15 Охудen »Medical support »Steel production » Life $0.14 Nitrogen »Fertilizers »Fabrics •Explosives C Carbon $0.12 •Cutting, drilling, grinding, and polishing tools •Jewelry »Fuel $0.09 Sulfur •Gunpowder » Fireworks • Vulcanization of rubber CI Chlorine $0.08 •Disinfectant •Consumer products Sources: Alan's FACTORY OUTLET

How Much Do Elements Cost? The Price of 75 Elements Per Kilogram

shared by tuckerjaxson2 on Apr 28
Everything around us (and within us) consists of elements. Different elements are used for everything from medical equipment, cosmetics, and electronics to cars and the garages you park them in!


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