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20th Anniversary of Hurricane Andrew - The effects are still felt

A look back, 0 years later at HURRICANE ANDREW In the early morning hours of Aug. 24, 1992, a compact Category 5 hurricane that would forever be remembered as Andrew slammed into South Florida. The storm devastated Homestead, Florida City and parts of Miami before heading northwest across the Gulf of Mexico and hitting the Louisiana coastline west of New Orleans. 20 miles from downtown Miami, Andrew made landfall at Biscayne Bay. 6 ft. surge hit the coastline of Miami though most of the damage was caused by Andrew's high winds, and heavy rainfall 165 m.p.h. winds with gusts exceeding 200 mph were reported at the point of impact. 24 hour intervals show the path of the storm through the Bahamas, across Florida and onto Louisiana. Aug. 25 8:28 p.m. UTC Aug. 24 8:39 p.m.UTC Aug. 23 8:51 p.m.UTC Aug. 22 7:16 p.m.UTC Andrew's devastating effects At the time, Andrew was the costliest hurricane to hit the United States. Twenty years later, it remains in the top three nationally, and is still the costliest hurricane to hit Florida. 9 1,176: out of mobile homes were left standing in Homestead. | orthe 700,000. 1m7 Of the evacuees, in never came back to Miami-Dade County. 26 deaths were caused by Andrew, making it among the least deadly hurricanes to hit the US. $25.3 billion 600,000 was the amount of damage Andrew caused. In today's economy, that would mean insurance claims were filed, causing 11 insurance companies to go bankrupt, which left $38.8 billion 930,000 policyholders without coverage. Transportation Bare essentials Environment & Andrew dumped 30 years worth of debris over Florida After a quarter-million people were left homeless, no rescue agency arrived to offer aid for nearly a week. Some went days without water, while others lined up and waited for hours on end for food and aid that never arrived. Evacuations were ordered in nine counties across the East and Gulf coasts of Florida. More than 1.2 million people evacuated, mostly via ─░nterstate 95, which did not allow cars to drive on both sides of the highway, causing one of the largest traffic jams in the history of Florida. as it moved across the state. It also damaged percent of the coral reefs at Biscayne National Park, and 90 percent of South Dade's native pinelands, mangroves and tropical hardwood hammocks. Historically speaking 2004 2005 Hurricane Charley 1995 made landfall near Hurricane Wilma Port Charlotte with Hurricane Opal winds of 150 mph. made landfall near Cape Romano with winds of 120 mph. made landfall near Pensacola as a Category 4 storm with winds of 115 mph. 2005 Hurricane Dennis made landfall between Pensacola and Navarre Beach with winds of 125 mph. Lessons learned Building codes Insurance Technology IT Materials like staples and strand board, insufficient in hurricane conditions were banned from South Florida Insurance on the whole became a harder commodity to obtain and a more closely monitored industry. Government also took on a larger role in insuring coastal areas at risk and hurricane deductibles were introduced into plans. The aptly named Hurricane Forecast Improvement Project was a 10-year plan launched in 2007 aimed at bettering the government's ability to forecast and understand how tropical storms form, change and buildings. The code also required homes to have storm shutters or impact-proof glass, making for one of the strongest building codes in the country. move. Compiled by Marissa Lang; graphic by Lee Glynn | Times Tampa Bay Times Sources: National Weather Service, National Hurricane Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, South Florida Sun Sentinel, Miami Herald, St. Petersburg Times tampabay.com

20th Anniversary of Hurricane Andrew - The effects are still felt

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It was 20 years ago when Hurricane Andrew, a compact Category 5 storm, slammed into South Florida. In marking the anniversary of the devastating 1992 hurricane, the Tampa Bay Times is providing a visu...

Publisher

TampaBay.com

Designer

Lee Glynn

Category

Science
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