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The Importance of Catalonia to the Spanish Economy

The Importance of CATALONIA to the Spanish Economy VENTURE SPAIN POPULATION Sources: 7.5 MILLION · Eurostat, Regional demographic statistics [demo_r_d2jan], population at January 1st, 2014 . Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE), Municipal 16% of the Spanish population lives in Catalonia, making it Spain's second most populous autonomous community after Andalucía (8.4 million). The capital city, Barcelona, is home to 1.6 million inhabitants. Register, 2013 ECONOMIC PRODUCTIVITY 19% of Spanish GDP Sometimes called "Spain's economic powerhouse," Catalonia pumped € 192 billion into Spain's € 1 trillion economy last year. 24% of the country's manufacturing production and 20% of wholesale and retail trade is based in Catalonia. High GDP per Capita Out of Spain's 17 autonomous communities, Catalonia has the 4th highest GDP per capita, over € 4,000 higher than the national average. € 29,959 € 28,915 € 28,358 € 26,666 € 25,277 1. Basque Country 2. Com. of Madrid GDP per capita for all of Spain: € 22,279 3. Com. of Navarra Source: INE, Spanish Regional Accounts, March 2014 4. Catalonia 5. La Rioja EXPORTS 25% of national exports In 2013, Catalan exports totaled € 58 billion, with the chemical industry accounting for € 14 billion. Two thirds of Catalan exports went to European Union (EU) countries, and at € 9 billion, France was the biggest buyer. Source: Institut d'Estadística de Catalunya, Statistical Yearbook of Catalonia, Foreign trade, 2014 TOURISM 70 MILLION NIGHTS ) According to Eurostat, Catalonia tallied 69,692,113 overnight stays in tourist accommodations in 2012. This figure includes nearly 50 million nights in hotels, over 14 million nights camping, and 7 million nights in short-term rentals. In Spain, only the Canary Islands claimed a higher figure, with 88 million overnight stays. Sources: Record August · Eurostat, Tourism statistics at regional level, 2014 · Instituto de Turismo de España, Nota de Coyuntura, August 2014 August 2014 was a record month for Spanish tourism, with 9.1 million visitors coming to the country. The region attracting the most tourists was Catalonia, with 2.4 million visitors in August alone. TAXES Sources: 71 cents returned for every €1 paid • Public Diplomacy Council of Catalonia and Departament d'Economia i Coneixement de la Generalitat de Catalunya, "The fiscal deficit between Between 2006 and 2010, Catalonia contributed an average of € 56 billion annually in tax revenue to Spanish national accounts and received back an average of € 40 billion (71% of payments) in federal expenditures, during those same years, according to Catalonia's Departament d'Economia i Coneixement. This average annual deficit of € 16 billion was equal to about 8% of Catalonia's average annual GDP during this period. Catalonia and Spain," 2013 Departament d'Economia i Coneixement de la Generalitat de Catalunya, Results of Catalonia's fiscal balance with the central public sector 2010, May 2013 HUMAN CAPITAL 750,000 IMMIGRANTS Catalonia is consistently the most attractive destination in Spain for foreign migrants. More than 500,000 foreigners and 250,000 Spanish citizens have moved to Catalonia since 2008. These 750,000 recent immigrants equal 10% of the total population. TOP UNIVERSITIES Sources: · INE, Migration statistics, 2014 · El Mundo, "Las 50 Carreras: Los Ránking de El Mundo 2014/2015," May 7, 2014 · Rankings I-UGR, “Posiciones 4 out of the 10 ten best universities in Spain are in Catalonia, according to El Mundo. Another index, Rankings I-UGR, marks schools for education in the sciences. In their rankings: University of Barcelona ranks 1st in Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Biological Sciences, Earth Sciences, Medicine, and Psychology and Education. de las universidades españolas y de las comunidades autónomas en los Rankings l-UGR según Polytechnic University of Catalonia ranks 1st in Engineering. campos y disciplinas científica,"2014 Pompeu Fabra University ranks 1st in Economics and Business. R&D INVESTMENT Sources: €3 BILLION Top Five Spanish Regions by Internal R&D Expenditure INE, R&D Statistics, 2012 · Institut d'Estadística de Catalunya, R&D, Innovation and ICT, 2014 More than 22% of Spanish investment in research and development comes from Catalonia, second only to Madrid. Catalan expenditures on R&D equal 1.5% of regional GDP, higher than the national figure of 1.3%, but lower than 2.1% average across the EU. 1. Com. of Madrid 2. Catalonia € 3.4 billion €3.0 billion € 1.5 billion 4. Basque Country € 1.4 billion € 1.0 billion 3. Andalucía 5. Com. Valencia Data refer to 2012. VENTURE SPAIN - CC Created by John Schellhase for Venture Spain and distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0). Others are free to copy and share under the condition that they provide attribution to the original and do not use the infographic for commercial purposes.

The Importance of Catalonia to the Spanish Economy

shared by VentureSpain on Oct 10
In November, Catalans may have the opportunity to go to the polls and declare whether or not they wish to secede from Spain. This original infographic explores Catalonia's relationship to Spain in ter...


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