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Egypt Security Watch

EGYPT O SECURITY WATCH The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy As Defense Minister at the time, Abdel-Fattah EI Sisi called for a popular the Sinai, amplified security presence around the country, and, increasingly, mass arrests. Yet, one year after Sisi's mandate to combat terrorism on July 24, 2013. His request came amidst a month of brutal violence: July 2013 saw 95 attacks on Egyptian soil. Since this time, the Egyptian security forces have responded heavily, with vigorous military campaigns in developments in Egypt's security situation, from the period before Mubarak's ouster to the present day. It tells this story by comparing terror acts and counter-terror efforts, and situating these in a larger political context of upheaval and transition. announcement, terror attacks continue to occur almost daily and remain well above levels of previous years. The following graphic explores TERRORISM VS. COUNTER-TERROR OPERATIONS 100 80 60 40 20 number of attacks number of CT ops ATTACKS BY GOVERNORATE OPERATIONS BY GOVERNORATE 5 Qena 61 Cairo I Sohag 6 Sharqia 10 Suez 14 Port Said 6 Gharbia 15 Sharqia II Suez 9 Port Said 6 Gharbia 8 Dakahlia 8 Qalyubia 34 Giza 7 Minya I Kafr el-Sheikh 5 Qena 4 Sohag 3 Beni Suef 19 Alexandria LEP 2 Beni Suef 56 Cairo 2 Beheira 3 Alexandria I| Beheira 7 Assiut 334 North Sinai 4 Assiut 262 North Sinai O Monofeya O Matruh I New Valley O Red Sea O Luxor 12 Ismailia 20 Fayoum 3 Aswan 3 South Sinai 3 Damietta 7 Monofeya O Matruh I New Valley 2 Red Sea O Luxor 23 Ismailia 12 Dakahlia 5 Fayoum 14 Qalyubia 4 Aswan 37 Giza 15 South Sinai 18 Minya 4 Damietta 2 Kafr el-Sheikh • TERROR ACTS • POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT • COUNTER-TERRORISM EFFORTS INJURIES DEATHS ARRESTS DEATHS 2011 1/25 JAN 24 1/30 25 30 What started as small demonstrations in FEB Cairo's central Tahrir Square on the morning of January 25 quickly spread to other squares and other cities, with In the absence of police presence, thousands of prisoners escape from the Wadi al-Natrun prison, heightening fears of chaos. MAY protests soon being reported across the country. In downtown Cairo, thousands of people marched in a "day of rage" against the government. 29 JUN 12 JUL 29 AUG 7/29 15 19 SEP 27 Reminiscent of the heyday of Takfir wal-Hijra, 150 armed men in trucks 29 NOV and motorbikes, wearing masks and waving black flags tore through Al Arish, killing two civilians. 21 I 2012 1/31 5/31 JAN 26 31 APR Bedouin tribesmen kidnapped 25 Chinese workers in Sinai as ransom The Supreme Council of Armed Forces allowed the decades-old emergency 12 15 MAY for the release of the Islamist relatives law, which had allowed for detained for 2004-2006 bombings in the Sinai peninsula. extraordinary powers of search and 31 arrest. JUN 24 30 JUL 19 8/5 AUG 15 5 12 Militants killed 15 18 policemen at a border checkpoint between Egypt and Israel, when they tried to smash their way across the SEP 14 border. (21 6/24 ОСт 18 9/21 24 31 NOV Muhammed Morsi won Egypt's first democratic election. Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis carried out an attack near the Israeli-Egyptian border in Sinai. The attack resulted in the death of one Israeli soldier, and Israeli forces killed three members of the DEC terrorist group in the ensuing firefight. 2013 JAN 25 FEB MAR APR 10 13 14 2 16 21 MAY 28 6/30 7/3 JUN Millions of protesters 18 I After days of resignations from prominent government officials and an ultimatim issued by the Supreme Council for Armed Forces, President Muhammed Morsi was removed from took to the streets to 27 demand that early presidential elections be held. 28 29 power. Defense Minister at the time, Abdel-Fattah El Sisi announces a JUL "road map for the future." 12 13 15 16 17 7/24 18 19 21 22 23 After a month of 24 increased attacks, Sisi calls on Egyptians to give him a "mandate" 25 26 8/13 to combat terrorism. 27 28 10 29 30 8/18 The government acted with brutal AUG force to clear pro-Morsi protest camps at Raba'a al-Adaweya and Nahda Squares. While reports varied, the official death count reached 533 by Security forces begin a sweeping crackdown against the Muslim Brotherhood, arresting at least 300 mid and top level Brotherhood September. 13 officials. 16 18 190 27 19 20 21 22 23 24 8/19 203 9/3 25 | In one of the deadlest 26 incidents in the Sinai 28 peninsula, assailants fired RPGS at two 29 Armed forces began a concentrated campaign in the Sinai, using 30 buses carrying Central Security Forces conscripts, killing 24 and wounding three. 31 SEP Apache helicopters to conduct air strikes and ground forces to destroy property and root out militants. 58 9/5 12 14 15 A suicide car bomber 16 blew himself up next to 17 a convoy carrying 19 interior minister Mohammed Ibrahim on 20 a residential street in 21 the Nasr City district of Cairo as the minister 22 156 was leaving his house for work. Ibrahim 23 70 survived the attack but at least one person 24 25 was killed and more 27 than 20 people were wounded. 28 30 OCT 10 10/20 II 12 13 14 2 18 Gunmen on motorcycles opened fire outside a Coptic Christian church in Cairo's Al-Warak 19 (20 neighborhood as people were leaving a wedding. An eight-year-old girl, a woman, and a man died at the scene. A 22 23 24 12-year-old girl injured in the attack died the next morning. 27 28 30 31 NOV 10 12 13 14 12/26 16 17 18 19 20 After a rash of bombings, Minister 12/24 21 of the Interior Mohamed Ibrahim 22 vows that the police will not lie 25 down in the face of terrorism. 26 A suicide bomber in a van targeted a DEC police compound in the city of Mansoura north of Cairo, killing at least 15 and wounding more than 100. The blast, which was claimed by Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, led to the collapse of several buildings nearby. 10 12 15 16 17 12/29 19 20 22 (24 In a now-infamous incident, police arrested four Al Jazeera journalists during raids, accusing them of supporting terrorist networks. 25 26 29 2014 1/24 JAN NATURE OF COUNTER-TERROR OPERATIONS SINCE 2010 3 On the eve of the January 25 revolution, Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis carried out a series of attacks in Cairo and Giza. The attacks, which targeted 10 security forces, left civilian casualties as well, with six dead and dozens 15 injured. The group also released a video of an RPG hit that took town a 18 helicopter in Sinai on the following day. 20 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 31 13 FEB # OF OPS NATURE OF EFFORT 7 27 Air strike 42 General security operation 19 Tunnel destruction 15 Local initiative 2/16 17 271 Arrest 18 20 Shoot out 22 A suicide bomber blew 14 23 40 Confiscation 23 up a bus carrying South 24 Raid Korean tourists near 25 the Israeli border in the 28 Bomb disposal resort town of Taba, killing three tourists and the Egyptian bus driver. Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis claimed this attack, the first where MAR they deliberately targeted civilians as part of an attempt to cripple tourism and hit the Egyptian economy. 12 13 15 16 17 18 19 21 4/9 24 21 4/2 30 31 APR The U.S. Government Three bombs exploded outside Cairo University, killing a police official and wounding others. The attacks were designated Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis a terrorist organization. claimed by Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis. 10 12 I 14 15 4/26 16 18 19 TERRORIST ATTACKS BY TARGET SINCE 2010 22 Minister of Interior 21 23 Mohamed Ibrahim 24 declared that 99% of 25 all terror cells in Egypt 26 3 27 had been eradicated. 28 29 MAY II 12 13 14 16 # OF 17 6/23 ATTACKS TARGET 18 19 85 Civilians 20 21 23 Christioans Despite international outcry over their detention, Al Jazeera journalists Peter Greste, Mohamed Fahmy, and Baher Mohamed were handed seven to ten 22 27 Pipeline 23 24 201 Police 25 year sentences on charges of involvement with a terrorist group. 26 143 Military 28 75 Security forces (general) 29 31 JUN 6. 10 II 13 15 16 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 6/30 27 28 (30 JUL On the year anniversary of massive protests calling for Morsi's ouster, Ajnad Misr coordinated a series of explosions outside Ittihadeya Palace in Heliopolis. The group had issued a warning describing the location of the bombs and cautioning civilians to avoid the area. Two policemen sent to deactivate the bombs were killed, and 13 were injured in the explosions. 3 293 32 17 22 18 1 AVN APR 14 MAR 14 CI 330 CI AON EI 130 El 13S EI 9NY CI NO CI AVN EI 834 EI NYr Z1 330 NOV 12 OCT 12 SEP 12 ZI 90Y JUL 12 ZI NOC ZI AVN APR 12 MAR 12 ZI 834 ZI NYr II 330 IL AON II 130 || NOC II AVN Il adY II VN II 834 II NVC

Egypt Security Watch

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The following graphic explores developments in Egypt's security situation, from the period before Mubarak's ouster to the present day. It tells this story by comparing terror acts and counter-terror e...

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