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Cross-border cooperation, mobility and border management between Burkina Faso and Mali

Cross-border cooperation, mobility and border management between Rabat Process Euro-African Dialogue on Migration and Development MALI AND BURKINA Republic of Mali Burkina Faso OVERVIEW MAP HIGH MOBILITY SPOTLIGHT ON HÈRÈMAKONO - KOLOKO REPUBLIC OF MALI (Sikasso region) BURKINA FASO (Hauts Bassins and 1Cascades regions) POPULATION AT THE BORDER Rural area with high population density Same ethnic groups on both sides To Sikasso Mali (Sikasso region) Burkina (Hauts Bassins and Cascades regions) REPUBLIC SikassoO BURKINA Bobo Dioulasso 15% of the population of border provinces/circles live directly at the border (in border municipalities) BURKINA FASO Koloko 4.200 1.540.460 1.279.052 inhabitants HAUTS BASSINS REGION Kadiolo OBanfora 224.521 193.705 Hèrèmakono . in border provinces/ circles Oin border municipalities Sindou Customs DAILY border crossings by the population NATIONAL IDENTITY CARD Gendarmerie 2.000 persons allows citizens of Burkina Faso and Mali to cross at the border post (daily entry and exit) 2010 DEMARCATION FINALISED Border Police i 24.000 Mali Border Police inhabitants THE STARTING POINT FOR STRENGTHENED COOPERATION Gendarmerie Market Burkina PERMEABILITY Mandela Koloko Border stones set at the border Administrative limits clarified, sovereignty of the border outside the main roads between Mali and Burkina (1.303 km, by a Mixed Technical Boundary Commission) established MAIN REASONS TO CROSS 3) Access infrastructure (health centres, schools) Conflict prevention, focusing on problems concerning land rights 1) Sell and buy items at markets 2) Visit family Border stones at I<1 km intervals - around main roads and in agricultural areas . I km intervals - in highly frequented Customs Market Cooperation strengthened at MALI areas 1 5 km intervals- in rarely frequented political economic Sifarasso To Bobo Dioulasso areas ECONOMY AND TRADE SIKASSO REGION Social level LOCAL ECONOMY AGRICULTURAL ZONE fertile soil, favourable climate PASTORALISM Reception area in dry season CROSS-BORDER COOPERATION ACTORS LOCAL POPULATION AND BORDER SECURITY .....** Mali Burkina CONTROL BORDER POSTS and collect information (non-computerised) NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS DECENTRALISED AND DECONCENTRATED (CENTRAL ADMINISTRATIONS) ADMINISTRATIONS Informal information exchange - Mainly ministries in charge of home affairs' and foreign affairs - Additional ministries involved for specific sectoral questions - Regions - Circles/Provinces - Municipalities/Counties CROSS BORDER TRADE is encouraged Joint border post construction foreseen (UEMOA/WAEMU project) 8- LOCAL EXCHANGE dominates, reinforced by rotating agenda of local markets and price differences AT THE BORDER Barder Police Gendarmerie Berder Police Gendarmerie 200 vehicles per day 9-13 min 1 Informal meetings between administrative authorities at municipal level - Meetings at higher level take ROLE ROLE PATROLS - Bilateral political meetings - Devising policies and strategies - Coordination of interventions - Sectoral bilateral agreements - Along the border, particularly at informal border crossings - Several times a month - Reduce criminality (theft and road banditism) - Appreciated by the population Cross the local border, 40% of which are heavy trucks waiting time place infrequently and ad hoc - Involvement of mayors in local development projects at each side of the border AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS Controls by" cross the local border Cooperation and information exchange with security forces is encouraged SELECTED EXAMPLES SELECTED EXAMPLES • 32% 1 Frequent border crossings ( Local cross-border trade ( Generally good relations, sometimes conflicts Dustems Border Police Gendarmerie Major Joint Commission meetings - Burkina Faso's border management - Management of natural resources - Partnership for Municipal Development - Health Centre in Kossi-Tominian, managed by a cross-border committee" comes from tar away or crosses the region strategy (in development) • 68% Phytosanitary Services Road Safety Berder population Barder population - Bilateral agreement on transhumance remains in the region SOURCES This infographic is based on expert missions and desk research. To consult the full list of sources, please visit: FUNDED BY THE EUROPEAN UNION IMPLEMENTED BY ICMPO AND FIAPP UINOTES Burkina: Ministry of Territorial Administration and Security/ Mali Ministry of the Interior and Security of the Sikasso- Bobo Dioulasso regions, with support and tunding from the GIZ (Deutsche Gesellshaft tür Internationale Zusammenarbeit) within the tramework of the Atrican Union Border Programme (AUBP) Burkina: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Regional Cooperation / Mal: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, African Integration and International Cooperation PImplied main actors: Associations of municipalities of Burkina Faso and Mali with support and funding trom the Federation of Canadian Municipalities. Activities focusing on the economic corridor Sikasso - Orodara. UEMOA/WAEMU: West Atrican Economic and Monetary Union *Border police, gendarmerie and customs always carry out controls. Additional controls possible by phytosanitary services (including animal health torestry and water), road satety & haulage associations ICMPD FIIAPP E or

Cross-border cooperation, mobility and border management between Burkina Faso and Mali

shared by stedas on Aug 26
This infographic aims at portraying specificities of regions separated by an international border but where, traditionally, populations from both sides are strongly interlinked with each other. In add...


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