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The Life of Mies

LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE Celebrating 126 YEARS Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, a man without any academic architectural training, was one of the great artist-architect-philosophers of his age, acclaimed as a genius for his uncompro- misingly spare design, his fastidiousness and his innovations. -Alden Whitman HIGHLIGHTS: "LESS IS MORE" MIES LIVED HONORS 83 PRESIDENTIAL FREEDOM MEDAL YEARS ROYAL INSTITUTE OF BRITISH A LEADER OF THE ARCHITECTS GOLD MEDAL MODERN AMERICAN ARCHITECTURE INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MOVEMENT GOLD MEDAL PROJECTS BUILT IN EDUCATOR 1930 DIRECTOR OF COUNTRIES BAUHAUS U.S.A Mexico 1938 Czech Republic Canada Germany Spain HEAD OF THE ARMOUR A INSTITUTE OF HIS U.S. PROJECTS, Iwhich later became the Illinois Institute of Technology) A LEADER OF THE 68% SECOND CHICAGO WERE BUILT IN CHICAGO, IL SCHOOL BACKGROUND THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Many new movements in design began in response to the industrial revolution and the idea of mass production. ARTS & CRAFTS ART NOUVEAU MOVEMENT DADA DE STIJL FUTURISM VIENNA SECESSION AVANT-GARDE Each of these movements played a key role in the development of the modernist movement in architecture. TIMELINE: "GOD IS IN THE DETAILS" 1886 On March 27th, Mies is born in O Aachen, Germany. Berlin In the following 19 years Mies learns many elements of architecture from his father, who GERMANY was a stone mason. 1905Y Aachen Mies moves to * Berlin, where he works for Bruno Paul, an Art Nouveau architect + furniture designer. 1907 Riehl House, Potsdam, Germany: Mies' first building 1908 22 Mies joins the staff at Peter Behrens Atelier. Peter Behrens was an important figure in the development of the mod- ernist movement. He was one of the first designers to embrace industri- alization as a means of designing useful objects for the masses. He founded his own architecture firm and employed architects like Walter Gropius, Le Corbusier and Mies van der Rohe. 1917 Urbig House, Potsdam, Germany 1921 Friedrichstrasse Office Building: This design was never built, but its entirely glass and steel style has become a default in corporate architecture. * 1926 Mies and Le Corbusier meet in Stuttgart, Germany 1927 Weissenhofsiedlung Stuttgart, Germany This project was headed by Mies and included twenty-one buildings designed by seventeen European architects, including Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius, and Peter Behrens. Although there was significant destruction during World War II, the ensemble of buildings today represents a highly valued cultural heritage of the 20th century with early works of architects who shaped modern architecture. 1927 Afrikanischestrasse Apartments Berlin, Germany Mies designs the MR Lounge Chair Mies designs the MR Chair 1929 The Barcelona Pavilion Barcelona, Spain Designed for the Barcelona International Exposition of 1929, this project housed the ceremonial reception space for the German industrial exhibits. Mies designs the Tugendhat Chair Mies designs the Barcelona Chair 1930 Tugendhat House Brno, Czech Republic This project was one of the pioneering prototypes of modern architecture in Europe, and was the last major home built by Mies in Europe. 1930 Lange and Esters Houses Krefeld, Germany 1930 Mies designs the Brno Chair 1930 Mies becomes director of the Bauhaus 1932 Lemke House, Berlin, Germany 1932 The Bauhaus closes under Nazi Regime and is considered "degenerate." 1935 Verseidag Factory, Krefeld, Germany 1937 Mies meets Frank Lloyd Wright at Taliesin, Wright's summer home in Wisconsin, USA. 1938 Mies emigrates to the United States to head the Armour Institute, which later became the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT). 1943 Minerals and Metals Building IIT, Chicago, IL, USA 1946 Alumni Hall IIT, Chicago, IL, USA 1946 Wishnick Hall IIT, Chicago, IL, USA 1947 Perlstein Hall IIT, Chicago, IL, USA 1949 The Promontory Apartments Chicago, IL, USA 1951 860-880 Lake Shore Apartments Chicago, Illinois, USA 1951 Algonquin Apartments Chicago, IL, USA 1951 Farnsworth House Plano, IL, USA 1952 McCormick House Elmhurst, Illinois, USA 1952 Robert F. Carr Memorial Chapel of St. Savior IIT, Chicago, Illinois, USA 1954 The Commons IIT, Chicago, Illinois, USA 19561 S.R. Crown Hall IIT, Chicago, IL, USA 1956 Commonwealth Promenade Apartments Chicago, Illinois, USA 1956 Esplanade Apartment Buildings Chicago, Illinois, USA 1958 The Seagram Building New York, NY, USA The Seagram was designed in collaboration with Philip Johnson. Mies thought that a building's structural elements should be visible from the exterior. Since American building codes required that all structural steel be covered with concrete, Mies used non-structural bronze-toned I-beams to suggest the building's structure instead. 1958 IIT Master Plan ITT, Chicago, IL, USA 1958 Mies retires as head of IIT 1962 American Federal Building Des Moines, lowa, USA 1963 2400 Lakeview Chicago, Illinois, USA 1964 Chicago Federal Center Chicago, Illinois, USA 1965 Mellon Hall of Science Pittsburgh, Pennslyvania, USA 1965 School of Social Service Administration University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA 1965 Lafayette Park Detroit, Michigan, USA 19681 Neue Nationalgalerie (New National Gallery) Berlin, Germany 1969 Toronto-Dominion Center Toronto, Canada 1969 Île-des-Soeurs Nuns' Island, Canada 1969 Mies dies in Chicago, Illinois, having been diagnosed with esophagus cancer three years earlier. 1970 One IBM Plaza Chicago, IL, USA 1972 Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washington, D.C., USA "In our time, where there is no limit to excess, Mies' reductionist approach is as pertinent as ever. As we reduce the distractions and focus on the essential elements of our environment and ourselves, we find they are great, intricate, and beautiful. Less is more." -quote from the Mies Society Website SOURCES, the Mies Society -, The NY Times - Designed by Megan

The Life of Mies

shared by mmjett on Apr 19
A closer look at the life of Mies van der Rohe




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