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Nutrition & Lifestyle For A Healthy Pregnancy Outcome

NUTRITION & LIFESTYLE FOR A HEALTHY PREGNANCY OUTCOME Maternal nutrition and lifestyle choices are major influences on both mother and child's health. According to the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, women of childbearing age should adopt a healthy lifestyle to help reduce the risk of birth defects, suboptimal fetal development and chronic health problems in mother and baby. HEALTHY PRE-PREGNANCY WEIGHT & APPROPRIATE WEIGHT GAIN Body Mass Index (BMI) Total Weight Gain Range Underweight 28 lbs (<18.5) Pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) is an independent predictor of many adverse outcomes of pregnancy. Women should weigh within normal BMI range when they conceive and gain within ranges recommended by the Institute of Medicine pregnancy to 40 lbs Normal 25 lbs (18.5-24.9) to 35 lbs weight guidelines. Overweight (25.0-29.9) 15 lbs Nearly two thirds Overweight during pregnancy results in short- and long-term to 25 lbs maternal health risks, such as: of women of childbearing age were classified as overweight or obese (BMI > 25) from 1999 to 2004. • obesity • diabetes 11 lbs • cardiovascular disease Obese (230.0) to 20 lbs PHYSICAL АCTIVITY & EXERCISE WIDE VARIETY OF FOOD VITAMIN & MINERAL NO ALCOHOL OR HARMFUL SUBSTANCES SAFE FOOD HANDLING SUPPLEMENTS 150 min. A health care provider Helps to meet energy and nutrient requirements. Most (who aren't overweight or obese) will require Alcohol Pregnant women may recommend supplementation for some pregnant women. consumption and their unborn aerobic activity may result in behavioral or children are spread out more susceptible to food poisoning. per week neurological defects. Iron prevents anemia. 2,200-2,900 calories per day. OR Folic acid prevents Energy drinks Cook foods neural tube defe cts. are not recommended to minimum 30 min. during pregnancy. Choline prevents fetal brain development problems. safe internal moderate exercise Recommended total Caffeine intake temperatures. most days beverage intake: should not exceed 10 cups 200 mg daily (i.e. 12 oz. cup Avoid unpasteurized juice, milk and per week. lodine helps fetal brain growth. per day soft cheeses. of coffee). Calcium helps fetal bone growth. ROLE OF THE HEALTH PROFESSIONAL Regardless of a client's socioeconomic status, registered dietitian nutritionists and dietetic technicians, registered, need to implement multiple strategies to provide nutrition and lifestyle advice to all women before, during and after pregnancy. eat Academy of Nutrition right. and Dietetics www.eatright.org SOURCES: Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: "Nutrition and Lifestyle for a Healthy Pregnancy Outcome" (July 2014) Practice Paper of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: "Nutrition and Lifestyle for a Healthy Pregnancy Outcome" (July 2014)

Nutrition & Lifestyle For A Healthy Pregnancy Outcome

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Maternal nutrition and lifestyle choices are major influences on both mother and child's health. (Editorial published infographic)

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