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A Day In The Life of a Prisoner

:1 QUICK FACTS NUMBER OF PRISONERS (per 100,000 population) 1000 As of January 1, 2010, there were 1,404,503 prisoners in U.S. state prisons. This is the first decline in 38 years. 800 The federal prison population has more than doubled since 1995. The United States has less than 5% of the world's population, but it has almost 1/4 of the world's prisoners. 600 The number of state inmates grew 708% between 1972 and 2008. 400 Between 1925 and 1972, the prison population increased by 105%. 200 While incarceration has continued to grow in the U.S., the crime rate has decreased. From 1980 to 2009, the violent crime rate decreased from 596.6 per 10,000 inhabitants to 429.4. 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 - Male prisoners - Female prisoners - Incarceration rate *17,079 2000 2007 2010 Between 2009 and 2010, the American jail capacity increased by 17,079 beds. Jail capacity occupied rose from 92% in 2000 to 96% in 2007, then it dropped to 86% in 2010. More than 4 in 5 adult correc- tional facilities offered inmate In 2008, 1 in every 100 American adults were behind bars. That's the highest rate ever registered. work programs in 2005. :2 CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES Although publicly and privately financed prisons both operate under the Department of Corrections, many wonder if private prisons are run more efficiently. Take a look: PUBLIC CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES PRIVATE CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES Quantity According to a Bureau of Justice census, in 2005, there were 1,821 state and federal correctional facilities operating In the same period, there were 415 private correc- tional facilities operated by various companies Number of inmates In 2005, the custody in these facilities was 1,430,208 In this same year, the number of inmates housed in private correctional facilities was 105,451 umber of prisoners held in Efficiency According a study performed in Louisiana, public prisons are better at controlling substance abuse, and there are fewer escape attempts, a wider range of courses and programs This same study concluded that the private prisons had fewer critical incidents, a safer environment for employees and inmates, and a higher rate of inmates who completed basic education courses Cost-savings About 77%, or $29.5 billion, of State correctional costs went to prison operations in 2001 Private prisons provide a more cost efficient alter- native that includes a lower cost per inmate. Capacity In 2005, public correctional facilities were operating at 12% above rated capacity Private correctional facilities were operating at 5% under rated capacity in the same year Both types of facilities have their advantages and issues. While private prisons are more cost efficient, a majority of prisoners are housed in public facilities, where they have access to more courses and programs. CONCLUSION: 3:3 3 TYPES OF INMATES* Eligible for work camp with a secure perimeter Often under a sentence of Maintained within an armed perimeter Eligible for outside work Eligible for placement at a community death assignments The classification levels represent the public safety risk of the inmate: CS (Maximum) C4 (Close) (Medium) C3 C2 (Minimum) C1 (Community) * The classification of inmates differs between county. state and federal systems Maximum Minimum Community Close Medium :4 SECURITY LEVELS* Find out the appropriate security level for each type of inmate: MINIMUM MAXIMUM MEDIUM Direct and constant High staff-to-inmate ratio Direct and constant Medium staff-to-inmate ratio Regular Low staff-to-inmate ratio Internal supervision Regular Low staff-to-inmate ratio Direct and constant Direct and constant External supervision High staff-to-inmate ratio Medium staff-to-inmate ratio Extreme Moderate Cell-type housing X Limited Dormitory housing Internal Barriers V Multiple and single occupant cell housing Highly secured perimeter V walls or reinforced fences with detection systems Strengthened perimeters V Double fences with detection systems X Limited or no perimeter fencing External Barriers Job and program opportunities X Unavailable Wide variety of work and treatment programs Wide variety of work and treatment programs *The classification of security levels differs between county, state and federal systems. The security level defines activities in which the prisoner may participate. : 5 THE PRISONER'S ROUTINE* 11:00 - 12:00 pm The prisoner's classification also determines which programs he's eligible to participate in. How is the life behind bars? There are Lunch time lots of programs and activities inmates can do in a day. Here is a common routine inside a prison: * The routine programs offered vary by prison 8:00 pm - 6:00 am Sleep time ulnbuhuhulululula 2. 12 8:00 -11:00 am 11 School and rehabilitation programs 10 WHAT DO PRISIONERS DO IN A DAY? 4 12:00 - 5:00 pm Work ulululnln Anhulntulmn 7:00 - 8:00 pm Count time 6:00 - 7:00 pm Free time 7:00 am Breakfast 6:00 pm Dinner DETAILS OF 6:00 am Showers Details 5:00 - 6:00 pm Recreation EACH ACTIVITY Categories of prisoners that can participate Showers Breakfast Activities Lunch Work The prisoners usually take 1 shower per day Varies a lot between prisons, may include coffee School and rehabilitation programs Varies a lot between prisons and it's often a quick break These programs help maintain the facitity or help an inmate get a job C5. C4. C3. C2, C1 CS. C4, C3, C2, C1 C4. C3. C2, C1 CS. C4. C3. C2, C1 C3. C2, C1 Recreation Dinner Free time Count time Sleep time Includes sports and a wide variety of activities Varies a lot between prisons Includes card games and television programs The inmates return to their cells to be counted. It's time Some may continue writing or reading but most get some sleep to meditate, read and write C3, C2, C1 C5, C4, C3, C2, C1 C3, C2, C1 C5, C4, C3, C2, C1 C5, C4, C3, C2, C1 Recreation is very important to decrease stress and, consequently, the tension and violence. It can reduce medical costs by promoting a healthy lifestyle. When it includes sports, it also promotes social interation and thereby healthy social skills. Here are some common recrea- tion activities in facilities: Weight training equipment and cardiovascular training equipment Puzzles and other games Speed bag Sports like softball, basketball, handball, tennis and racquetball Billiards Horseshoes Sources: Bureal of Justice Statistics | | The Pew Center on the States | The New York Times | | | National Institute of Justice Information provided by: DAYTIME ACTIVITIES NIGHT ACTIVITIES

A Day In The Life of a Prisoner

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How do the country's 1.4 million inmates spend their days? Check out this infographic to find out.


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