Transcript

Niger's achievement in child survival

NIGER COMMITTING TO CHILD SURVIVAL PROGRESS NIGER HAD THE WORLD'S HIGHEST UNDER-FIVE MORTALITY RATE IN 1990. BETWEEN 1990 AND 2011, THE RATE DROPPED BY 60%. DESPITE THIS PROGRESS, 1 IN 8 CHILDREN STILL DIE BEFORE THE AGE OF 5. 2 OUT OF EVERY 5 CHILDREN ARE UNDERWEIGHT, WHICH HAMPERS THEIR MENTAL AND PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT AND CAN HAVE EFFECTS THAT LAST INTO ADULTHOOD. +++++*+ UNDER-FIVE MORTALITY RATE* BETWEEN 1990 AND 2011, THE UNDER-FIVE MORTALITY RATE DECLINED BY 60 PER CENT. 1990 2011 2015 (MDG TARGETI 314 DEATHS 125 DEATHS 105 DEATHS *DEATHS PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS CAUSES OF UNDER-FIVE DEATHS IN 2010 30% 28% 22% 20% 20% -- 15% 14% 10% 1% 0% NEONATAL* PNEUMONIA DIARRHOEA MALARIA AIDS OTHER Includes all ne onatal causes except neonatal pneumonia and diarrhoe a. CHALLENGE *** NUTRITION-RELATED DEATHS IN A COUNTRY WHERE MORE THAN 40% OF THE POPULATION LIVE BELOW THE POVERTY LINE OF US$1.25 PER DAY, NIGER EXPERIENCES A CHRONICALLY HIGH RATE OF UNDERNUTRITION. 5.5 million people are estimated to be vulnerable to food insecurity. International poverty line OF THE POPULATION LIVE 43% BELOW THE POVERTY LINE OF US$1.25 PER DAY FOOD INSECURITY PARTICULARLY THREATENS THE LIVES OF CHILDREN UNDER AGE 5, WHO ARE MOST VULNERABLE TO THE DEVASTATING HEALTH EFFECTS OF UNDERNUTRITION, INCLUDING INCREASED SUSCEPTIBILITY TO DIARRHOEA AND PNEUMONIA. UNICEF AND ITS PARTNERS NOW ESTIMATE THAT NEARLY 393,737 CHILDREN UNDER 5 IN NIGER WILL NEED TO BE TREATED FOR SEVERE ACUTE MALNUTRITION IN 2012. IMPACT DESPITE SIGNIFICANT PROGRESS, THE RECURRENT FOOD AND NUTRITION CRISIS HAS MADE IT DIFFICULT TO INVEST IN PREVENTION ACTIVITIES ON A LARGE SCALE, AND UNDERNUTRITION IS LIKELY TO REMAIN A CHRONIC ISSUE IN NIGER FOR SOME TIME. In 2010, more than 2,500 community health workers were managing over 2,400 heath posts in Niger. UNICEF estimates that over three quarters of the country's children now have access to health care, compared with less than half just four years ago. To address the immediate and underlying causes of undernutrition, UNICEF advocates for: MAKING NUTRITION A NATIONAL PROVIDING FREE HEALTH CARE TO ALL PRIORITY AND BUILDING A NATIONAL CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF 5 AND CONSENSUS AROUND KEY STRATEGIES ALL PREGNANT WOMEN TO FIGHT UNDERNUTRITION SUPPORTING FAMILIES AND INCREASING ACCESS TO CLEAN WATER COMMUNITIES TO BECOME MORE AND SANITATION TO PREVENT THE RESILIENT TO DEAL WITH RECURRENT SPREAD OF OPPORTUNISTIC DISEASES FOOD AND NUTRITION CRISES. +**+++ MALARIA PREVENTION CHILD DEATHS FROM MALARIA HAVE FALLEN BY HALF SINCE 2005, LARGELY BECAUSE MORE FAMILIES HAVE BEEN ENCOURAGED TO SLEEP UNDER MOSQUITO NETS 100% Percentage of children under 5 years old sleeping under long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINS) 80% 64% 60% 43% 40% 20% 7% 1% 0% 2000 2006 2009 2010 Other NS Other NS MICS DHS COMMITTING TO CHILD SURVIVAL #Promise4Children Updated: 6 November 2012 A PROMISE RENEWED

Niger's achievement in child survival

shared by UNICEF on Jul 06
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