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10 Ways Clean Water Can Change the World

10 WAYS CLEAN WATER CAN CHANGE THE WORLD 1. IMPROVE WATER SUPPLY, SANITATION & HYGIENE The UNITED NATIONS suggests that EACH PERSON needs about 5-13 GALLONS OF WATERA DAY Today, ONLY 67 PERCENT of the world's population has access to 783 MILLION (1 in 9) people DO NOT HAVE ACCESS TO CLEAN WATER and almost 2.5 billion (1 in 3) do not have sanitation access to adequate sanitation Approximately 3.5 Access to sanitation, the practice of good hygiene and a safe water supply MILLION PEOPLE DIE EACH YEAR due to inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene could save the lives of to ensure their basic needs for 1.5 MILLION CHILDREN A YEAR drinking cleaning cooking OVERALL CLEAN WATER alone can SANITATION alone can reduce HAND WASHING alone can reduce water-related deaths by water-related deaths by reduce water-related deaths by 21% -37% - 35% 2. REDUCE DEATH & DISEASE Globally, DIARRHEA is the leading cause of ILLNESS and DEATH 30,000 DEATHS occur EVERY WEEK from unsafe water and unhygienic living conditions 90 PERCENT OF DEATHS are children UNDER FIVE YEARS OLD 88 PERCENT of diarrheal deaths are due to unsafe drinking water, lack of access to sanitation facilities and inadequate availability of water for hygiene 3. INCREASE HEALTHY FOOD In 2050 Water for irrigation and food production constitutes one of the greatest pressures on freshwater resources An increase in population will require 60 PERCENT MORE FOOD AGRICULTURE accounts for roughly 70 PERCENT of global freshwater withdrawals lup to 90 percent in some fast-growing economies) There will be a 19 PERCENT INCREASE in agricultural water consumption 4. REDUCE CONFLICT The world's 276 TRANSBOUNDARY RIVER BASINS set the stage for conflicts over access to water, especially clean water 1 92.7% 1 0.1% 256 THE MAXIMUM out of 276 is 18 COUNTRIES sharing the same transboundary river basin: DANUBE are shared by 2, 3, OR 4 countries 1 7.2% 20 out of 276 are shared by 5 OR MORE countries VAVAVA 5. GENDER EQUALITY In Africa, 90 PERCENT of the work gathering water and wood is done by women Women and girls often spend up to SIX HOURS EVERY DAY fetching water This amounts to 40 BILLION HOURS spent every year walking for water in Africa alone In some nations, ONLY 50 PERCENT OF GIRLS are enrolled in school due to lack of toilets 6. INCREASE SCHOOL ATTENDANCE Many students' academic performance and attendance rate suffer because they have to fetch water, care for sick parents and siblings or suffer from hunger or a water-related disease themselves In one African study, reducing the distance to a water source FROM 30 MINUTES TO 15 MINUTES increased girls' school attendance by 12% 7. IMPROVE IMPOVERISHED COMMUNITIES Women who no longer spend hours each day fetching water can spend time working or growing food for their family Women could increase yields on their farms by 20% 30% and lift 150 MILLION PEOPLE out of hunger Similarly, children with improved school attendance and grades will have a better chance of obtaining good work as adults More than half of the world's population - over 3.5 BILLION PEOPLE – live in cities where there is adequate access to water and sanitation services However, 827.6 MILLION PEOPLE live in slums, often lacking adequate water and sanitation services 8. REDUCE POLLUTION Today. up to 90 PERCENT OF WASTEWATER in developing countries flows untreated into rivers, lakes and highly productive coastal zones, threatening health, food security and access to safe drinking and bathing water The TREATMENT OF WASTEWATER requires Industry dumps an estimated 300 - 400 METRIC TONS of polluted waste in waters significant amounts of energy, and demand for energy for treatment is expected to increase globally between 2006 and 2030 every year „44% by 9. PROTECT BIODIVERSITY Freshwater holds more than 10 percent of all life on the planet, 35 percent of all vertebrates, and supports all terrestrial biodiversity Between 1970 and 2000, populations of freshwater species declined by 55 PERCENT The loss and degradation of biodiversity compromise ecosystems and all the services they deliver, including the supply of clean water 10. CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT More than TWO BILLION PEOPLE həve been affected by drought, more than any other physical həzard Many of the most profound and immediate impacts of CLIMATE CHANGE relate to water Since 1900, more than 11 MILLION PEOPLE HAVE DIED Əas a consequence OF DROUGHT SOURCES A OHIO Create for Good. 180 4 UNIVERSITY Russ College of Engineering and Technology THE RUSS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY Institute of Medicine (USI Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (USI: 2009.

10 Ways Clean Water Can Change the World

shared by andrewdeen on Sep 23
As water becomes more valuable and scarcity increases, conflict, death, and disease are also by-product of water and it’s influence. In less fortunate countries, the battle for not just water, but ...


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