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How to Build a Fire

CATCHING FIRE The Perfect Campfire, From Start to Finish GATHER YOUR MATERIALS Kindling Sticks and scraps of Matches Tinder Or another fire Small dry sticks, twigs, and leaves starter wood a little bigger than tinder, a little less than 1 inch in diameter Fuel Water Dry wood, a few To put fire out inches in diameter 260 GET BUILDING The Fire Triangle A fire needs oxygen, heat, and fuel to survive. Take any of these elements away and the flames will go out. OXYGEN At higher altitudes there's less oxygen in the air, making fire starting more difficult HEAT Fire usually requires a rise in temperature of at least 750 to 800 degrees to reach a kindling point, or the minimum temperature the wood will burn on its own FUEL In this case: tinder, kindling, and wood Find an ideal location 1 At least 15 feet away from trees, bushes, or structures 15 feet 1 Check rules before building fire where permitted 15 feet 2 3. Create a protective pit Tend to the tinder Clear a 10-foot diameter of any grass, twigs, 10 foot leaves, and firewood Dig a small hole and surround it with rocks Place some tinder in the center of the pit Stack the kindling Arrange kindling in one of the following ways: Lean-to - Insert a long piece of kindling into the ground on an angle over the tinder - Lean smaller pieces of kindling against the first longer piece - Good for cooking Tipi -Lay kindling vertically over the tinder - Good for cooking Log Cabin - Line tinder with stacked pieces of kindling, creating right angles - Add the smallest kindling to the top Cross " Crisscross the kindling over the tinder " Longest-lasting method - Ideal for cooking, can support cookware Light it up Make it bigger - Gradually make the fire bigger by adding larger sticks and logs and keep it burning steadily - Light the tinder in a few different places to burn it faster Blow lightly at the base of the fire - Add more tinder if kindling takes a while to catch STAY SAFE How to Extinguish Your Fire · Allow wood to burn completely to ash • Pour an ample amount of water on the fire to drown embers. Keep SMOKEY pouring until hissing sound stops • Use a shovel to stir ashes and embers Scrape sticks and logs to remove any remaining embers • Keep stirring pit until all contents are wet and cold to the touch If you don't have water available, use dirt instead. Mix dirt with embers until everything is cool FIRE SAFETY DOs AND DON'Ts DOs Place any unused firewood upwind and away from the fire Keep the fire small and Be aware of low-hanging under control branches overhead Use very dry wood with bark removed to cut down on smoke DON'Ts Zzzz² Aluminum Leave your fire unattended Aerosol cans Glass Burn dangerous materials Cut live trees or branches for fire material Bury the fire. It will keep smoldering underneath Building a fire certainly takes practice, but with the right supplies, techniques, and safety protocols, you'll have a warm and toasty campfire in no time. Brought to you by: FIX

How to Build a Fire

shared by Ghergich on Nov 20
It’s fall, and that typically means bonfires and woodstoves are gearing up across the nation. It’s always a good idea to know how to start a fire, and take a quick refresher on fire safety guideli...




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