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Native American Homes: Common Traditional Dwellings of Local Cultures

NATIVE AMERICAN HOMES COMMON TRADITIONAL DWELLINGS OF LOCAL CULTURES Permanent Structure Temporary Structure Portable Structure No Longer In Use Still In Use By Some Energy-Efficient HOGAN (a.k.a. Gowah, Guugha) Navajo • Created by layering logs horizontally and plastering in gaps with mud, it had a grass and earthen domed roof. • Families often had summer homes and winter homes. • "Male" hogans were conical and "female" hogans were octagonal. BARABARA Built partially underground for geothermal heat and protection from the elements, it was build with a wood and whale bone frame then layered with sod and grass. (a.k.a. Ulax, Ciqlluaq) Sugpiaq X CHICKEE (a.k.a Chikee, Stilt houses) Seminoles and Miccosukees • While the first homes of the area were log cabins, these chickees arose later and allowed for fast movement away from U.S. troops. • It was composed of thatch roofs over a cypress frame. • The higher floors protected from flooding and swampy conditions. • They're still built by modern architects in Florida. ADOBE HOME • World-famous, apartment-style dwellings were made from adobe clay and sometimes created in the sides of cliffs. Puebloans and Hopi • Some locals still use pueblo homes, while older dwellings have been made into national parks, like the community at Mesa Verde. IGLOO (a.k.a Iglu, Snow Hut) • Compacted snow created a layer of insulation. Inuit • Igloos usually included a living area, passageway, and ventilation hole. They weren't the only shelters of the Inuit; they were used like tents for temporary protection. LONGHOUSE Haudenosaunee, Wyandot, Lenni Lenape, Powhatan, Tsimshian, Makah, Haida, Clatsop, Multonomah, and others • The longhouse was meant to house multiple families at once and provided a space for community gatherings. • Smoke holes and doors at each end were made between the bark. • The longhouse has been used by many cultures across the U.S. and the world. X TIPI (a.ka. tepee, teepee) Blackfoot, Arapaho, Assiniboine, Cheyenne, Comanche, Crow, Gros Ventre, Kiowa, Lakota, Lipan, Apache, and others • Often incorrectly associated with all Native Americans, tipis were predominately used by tribes in the Great Plains region. • They're very versatile and mobile, used by numerous tribes, and usually made of buffalo skin. • Though some painted their skins, often tipis went undecorated. PLANK HOUSE • Split from massive trees, these houses were sometimes Tlingit, Nisgaa, Haida, Heiltsuk, Kwakiutl, Makah, Quileute, Chinookan, Yurok, and others accompanied by totem poles. • Often made of cedar and with a gable-style roof, some plank houses functioned as longhouses, housing communal spaces and multiple families. • Replicas and modern houses of the area sometimes steal from that original design. WICKIUP (a.k.a. Wigwam, Wetu) Apache, Paiute, Ojibwe, Chiricahua, Ute, Goshute, Wampanoag, and others • They were easy to construct from wood, saplings, or brush, with overlapping mats on the roof. • They're used today for ceremonial purposes. • There are many different versions of the very versatile Wigwam used by many different tribes. PIT-HOUSE (a.k.a Earth Lodge, Kiva, Quiggly Hole) Puebloans, Mogollon, Cherokee, Hidatsa, Mandan, Arikara, Chinook. Inuit, and others • This type of house can be found all over the world. They vary in style and shape, and can be temporary or long-term structures. • They were especially useful as winter homes and sometimes had multiple chambers. Cherokee territory GRASS HOUSE Caddo, Wichita, and others • Created communally with numerous poles stuck in the ground and woven together, these intricate grass houses can be considered by some to be a form of wickiup, but were often much larger. X Alan's Sources: | | | | FACTORY OUTLET

Native American Homes: Common Traditional Dwellings of Local Cultures

shared by BebopGriffin on Jul 25
There are over 500 distinct Native American tribes that are still intact today within the modern boundaries of the United States. it is not definitely known how Native Americans first settled the Amer...


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