Transcript

The Who's Who of UK Banknotes

THE WHO'S WHO OF UK BANKNOTES Banknotes change hands hundreds of times a day, helping to keep the economy going. Here, we take a closer look at the historical figures that grace the front of each note, each of whom has changed the world in their own special way. BANK OF ENGLAND Established in 1694, it is the second-oldest central bank in the world. 1780-1815 (LL. Da 1809-1882 £5 £10 ELIZABETH FRY CHARLES DARWIN 1780 - 1845 1809 - 1882 Reason for honour: Reason for honour: Prison reformer, Naturalist, wrote On the devoted attention to Origin of Species. treatment of imprisoned In circulation since: women. 2000 In circulation since: 2002 eniterdo £20 £50 Bank of England ADAM SMITH JAMES WATT 1723 - 1790 1736 - 1819 Reason for honour: Reason for honour: Economist, wrote The Inventor, renowned for Wealth of Nations. his improvements in steam engine technology. In circulation since: 2007 In circulation since: 2011 £50 £50 SIR JOHN MATTHEW BOULTON 1728 - 1809 HOUBLON 1632 – 1712 Reason for honour: Manufacturer, developed the steam engine. Reason for honour: First Governor, Bank of England, 1694-1697. In circulation since: In circulation since: 2011 1994 BANK OF SCOTLAND Established one year after the Bank of England in 1695, it is the second-oldest bank in the UK. It was also the first bank in Europe to print its own banknotes. £5 - £100 SIR WALTER SCOTT 1771 - 1832 Reason for honour: Historical novelist and poet; campaigner for the continuation of Scottish banknotes. In circulation since: 1997 ROYAL BANK OF SCOTLAND The Royal Bank of Scotland invented the overdraft in 1728, one of the most important banking innovations. £1 - £100 LORD ILAY ROBERT LOUIS 1682 - 1761 STEVENSON 1850 - 1894 Reason for honour: Founder and first Reason for honour: Scottish novelist, poet, essayist and travel writer (special commemorative issue). governor of the Royal Bank of Scotland. In circulation since: 1987 In circulation since: 1994 £1 £20 ALEXANDER QUEEN ELIZABETH GRAHAM BELL THE QUEEN MOTHER 1847 - 1922 1900 - 2002 Reason for honour: Inventor of the telephone (special commemorative issue). Reason for honour: Queen Consort of King George VI and mother of Queen Elizabeth II (special commemorative issue). In circulation since: 1997 In circulation since: 2000 £5 JACK NICKLAUS 1940 Reason for honour: Notable American golfer (special commemorative issue). In circulation since: 2005 CLYDESD ALE BANK The Clydesdale Bank has been issuing banknotes since it opened on 7 May 1838. £5, £10 £5 ROBERT BURNS ALEXANDER FLEMING 1881 - 1955 1759 - 1796 Reason for honour: Reason for honour: Scottish poet, the 'Bard of Scotland'. Discoverer of penicillin at St Mary's Hospital, Paddington in 1928. In circulation since: 1998, 2009 In circulation since: 2009 £10 £20 MARY SLESSOR ROBERT THE BRUCE 1848 - 1915 1274 - 1329 Reason for honour: Reason for honour: Scottish missionary to Nigeria and campaigner for women's rights. King of the Scots 1306-1329. In circulation since: 1998 In circulation since: 1998 £50 £50 ADAM SMITH ELSIE INGLIS 1723 – 1790 1864 - 1917 Reason for honour: Reason for honour: Economist. Doctor and suffragette. In circulation since: In circulation since: 1998 2009 £100 £100 LORD KELVIN CHARLES RENNIE 1824 - 1907 MACKINTOSH 1868 - 1928 Reason for honour: Mathematical physicist and engineer, developed the Kelvin scale of Reason for honour: Architect and designer, father of the 'Glasgow temperature measurement. style' of architecture. In circulation since: In circulation since: 1996 2009 NORTHERN BANK The Northern Bank is the only bank to have issued a plastic banknote - the Year 2000 commemorative £5 banknote, which was printed in Australia. £10 £20 JOHN BOYD DUNLOP HARRY FERGUSON 1840 - 1921 1884 - 1960 Reason for honour: Reason for honour: Founder of the Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Company. Engineer and developer of the modern agricultural tractor, the Ferguson monoplane and the Ferguson P99. In circulation since: 2005 In circulation since: 2005 £50 £50 SIR SAMUEL SIR JAMES MARTIN CLELAND DAVIDSON 1893 - 1981 1846 - 1921 Reason for honour: Reason for honour: Inventor of the aircraft ejector seat. Founder of the Belfast Sirocco Works and In circulation since: pioneer of air conditioning. 2005 In circulation since: 2005 ULSTER BANK Ulster Bank started issuing banknotes in 1836. £5 GEORGE BEST 1946 - 2005 Reason for honour: Footballer, Manchester United and Northern Treland (special commemorative issue). In circulation since: 2006 OF OUR 24 BANKNOTE STARS THERE WERE: business writers 1 people economist footballer 20 men scientists women engineers financiers inventors golfer naturalist campaigners FUTURE FIGURES Bank of England. £5 £10 I declare aker al there iserioymen ke rea. WINSTON CHURCHILL JANE AUSTEN 1775 - 1817 1874 - 1965 Reason for honour: Reason for honour: Prime Minister of UK for most of WWII. Most widely read writer in English literature. In circulation from: In circulation from: 2017 2016 So there you have it - a complete who's who of current and future figures gracing the pound sterling. Consider the historical legacy you carry around in your pocket next time you're paying in cash - plastic bankcards just don't have the same history. SOURCES Check out the sources behind this infographic here - www.thinkmoney.co.uk/news-advice/infographic/references thinkmoney better managed money.

The Who's Who of UK Banknotes

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Banknotes change hands hundreds of times a day, helping to keep the economy going. Here, we take a closer look at the historical figures that grace the front of each note, each of whom has changed the...

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