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Marcel Breuer: Life and Selcted Works

MARCEL BREUER: Life and Selected Works Marcel Lajos Breyer, 1902 known to friends as Lajkó, is born in Pecs, Birth Hungary. Breuer leaves his hometown. He enrolls briefly in the Vienn Art 1920 Academy, but drops out that Bauhaus same year, and moves to Weimar, Germany, to become a student at the Bauhaus 1922 under Walter Slatted Armchair Gropius. One of his earliest designs. A rare example of a Breuer furniture design that used no metal. 1925 Dessau/B3 Wassily Chair Gropius relocates the Bauhaus school to Dessau, Germany. Breuer becomes the head of the furniture workshop. Arguably Breuer's most well-known furniture design, and his first to use steel tubing. Breuer claimed to have been inspired by the lightness of his new bicycle. 1928 Breuer Chair This design is classic Bauhaus, with two sets of structures, Wrote Breuer in a one to support the body and one to support the weight of letter to Ise Gropius, wife of the sitter. The cantilevered design is enduringly popular. Walter: “my intention was, with 1932 regards to my projects, to take a path that led to volumes that would Evolution always increase. That's the reason I first focused on smaller elements, like chairs and other furniture...I then went from furniture to 1934 private homes..." Doldertal Apartments Designed with Alfred and Emil Roth as residential Breuer leaves apartments in Dolteral, a suburb of Zurich. Nazi Germany for 1935 London. While there, London he works for the modernist Isokon Company. 1936 Stacking Tables Walter Gropius is Iconic early modernist design by Breuer while at Isokon appointed chairman of Harvard's Graduate School of Company in London. Made of bent plywood. 1937 Design. Breuer accepted his invitation to join the faculty. Harvard He and Gropius formed an architecture firm, focused on private homes. 1938 Hagerty House A collaboration between Breuer and Gropius, this house in Breuer moves to Cohasset, MA, was unpopular with neighbors, who thought New York City and it looked like "the ladies wing at Alcatraz". established an office there. 1946 Here his number of commissions New York Office began to grow while he was in New York, eventually including more public architecture projects. 1948 Breuer House I Breuer's own house in New Canaan, CN, featuring a cantilevered design. An architectural magazine article described the building as "a small basement story above ground, and then balance a full-size one-story house nearly atop it." 1953 UNESCO Headquarters Noteworthy for its Y-shaped design, and the blocky concrete shapes that would eventually develop into Breuer's signature when designing public buildings. 1954 St. John's Abbey The famous honeycomb stained glass wall is one of the largest displays of stained glass in the world. 1961 IBM Laboratory One of Breuer's favorite designs, this brutalist structure was noteworthy for its clean façade and its suspension on triangular concrete pillars. 1966 Whitney Museum of American Art Initially criticized because of its thoroughly modernist Due design. Now considered one of New York's most recognizable buildings. to failing health, Breuer sells his house 1972 in New Canaan and Moves to Manhattan moves closer to his Manhattan office. 1980 mar Atlanta Central Public Library The last major public building designed by Breuer. He began concepting in 1969, was awarded the contract in 1976, and construction was completed in 1980. 1981 Death Marcel Breuer dies on July 1st in New York City. Sources:

Marcel Breuer: Life and Selcted Works

shared by matthewzajechowski on Feb 27
Seats and Stools has put together a really cool infographic that highlights the life and major accomplishments of Marcel Breuer. Marcel Breuer was a Hungarian-born designer, carpenter, and archite...




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