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History of Sewing Machine

THE FAIRY SEWING-MACHINE. GIFT FOR THE WORK-TABLE HISTORY OF SEWING MACHINE "One of the few useful things ever invented" Mahalma Gandhi FREDRICK CHARLES WISSENTHAL 1755 Working in England, Charles was awarded the first British patent for a mechanical device to aid sewing. This was a double pointed needle with an eye at one end. THOMAS SAINT Thomas Saint, an English cabinet maker invented the first sewing "machine", designed to be used on leather and canvas. Saint provided very detailed blueprints of his machines, allowing a replica to be built (which was built almost 80 years later by Newton Wilson). Unfortunately, Saints patent was filed under "glues and varnishes", and thus was not discovered 1790 until 1873. THE ORIGINAL SEWING MACHINE AND THE REPLICA BfawsCiach JOSEF MADERSPERGER After 7 years of development, Josef Madersperger presented "the sewing hand", a machine which mimicked the actual movement of a sewers hand. Josef spent every penny he had on the machine, and continued refining it up until 1841. Unfortunately, he was unable to get a manufacturer to take it on. 1814 THE SEWING HAND BARTHELEMY Thimonnier, a French tailor, invented the first practical and widely used machine. He went on to found the worlds first machine based clothing company in the world, making uniforms for the French army. His factory was later burnt down by tailors fearful of losing their livelihoods to the machine, after which he fled to England. 1829 THIMONNIER S MACHINE WALTER HUNT The American mechanic was a prolific inventor (with inventions of the safety pin, knife sharpeners and forerunners to the Winchester rifle to his name). He was the 1833 inventor of the lockstitch sewing machine, the first machine which did not try and mimick the movement of a human hand. He refused to patent the machine, fearing that seamstresses would lose their jobs. ELIAS HOWE The American engineer created and patented a sewing machine which held the fabric vertically and using a needle running away from the point, starting at the eye. Howe ventured over to England 1845 to try and attract interest in his machine, and upon returning to the US, found his patent was being widely infringed. One of the offenders was Issac Singer. Fig1 THIMONNIERS MACHINE MERRIT Singers design used a falling shuttle instead of a rotary one. Singer was sued multiple times infringements and forced to pay Howe a lump sum. Singer went on to take a license under Howes patent, paying him $1.15 for each machine sold. Singer went on to establish the first ever hire-purchase scheme, allowing people to buy their sewing machines over a period of time ($3 per month, until $125 was paid in full). Singer, along with Howe became fantastically wealthy from their machines IT (see his home, below). ISSACC SINGER Howe over several patent SINGER S WEALTH AND SUCCESS ALLEN WILSON NATHANIEL WHEELER Allen Wilson developed a machine which "vibrated" in a very short arc, a drastic improvement over the versions Singer and Howe had on the market. Wilson went into partnership with Nathaniel Wheeler and produced a machine which used a rotary hook instead of a shuttle, making the machine far quieter and smoother. 1850 Singer, Howe, Wilson, Wheeler were joined by Grover Sewing Machine Combination, pooling all patents into one company, the first patent pool in US history. This was termed the "Albany Agreement" and lasted until 1877. This reduced litigation costs imposed during the Sewing Machine War. Baker to merge into the More and more companies were being formed and attempting to sue each other over patent infringement in what became known as The Sewing Machine War. JAMES GIBBS WILCOX JAMES James Gibbs invented the first chain stitch single thread sewing machine in 1857. He joined forces with James Wilcox to form the Wilcox & Gibbs Sewing Machine Company who are still trading today. 1850 CHAIN STITCH SINGLE THREAD SEWING MACHINE WONAM THOMAS CHADWICK During the 1850's, the majority of sewing machines entering the UK were from America. William Jones, a former engineer specialising in steam engines started to obsess over the American made machines knowing he could improve the design and undercut prices. Seeking investment, Jones partnered up with Thomas Chadwick and produced machines using licenses from Howe and Wilson as Chadwick & Jones Itd. & 1860 Jones is the most famous name in British sewing machine manufacturing. Jones and Chadwick scaled their production of the "fiddlebase" machine and it in various guises between 1879 & 1909. Chadwick later joined Bradbury & Co, leaving Jones to rename the company the Jones' Sewing Machine Company Ltd. JONES SEWING MACHINE COMPANY LP The Langent aaryin Englond Exaustra Aaking 1892 GUIDE BRIDGE near MANCHESTER FIRST CLASS SEWING MACHINES. GEORGE FRANCIS BRADBURY 1864 George Bradbury founded Bradbury & Co, Britain and Europe's first sewing machine manufacturer. Bradbury was a partner with several others, from 1852 to 1861, a time when the company specialised as tool makers, whilst also dabbled in bike manufacturing and eventually sewing machines. Bradbury split from the partnership, and went on to specialise in sewing machine production, under the licence of Wheeler & Wilson, Singer, Hower and Grover and Baker. BRADBURY & Co SEWING MACHINE SRADBURT &C SEWING MACHINE. BASSINETTE & CYCLE MANUFACITURERS BRADBURYS PLACE OF WORK IN 1852 SOURCES with special thanks to: Alex Askaroff - Sewing Machine Historian THIS INFOGRAPHIC BROUGHT TO YOU BY terrysfabrics Transfom your home for lesS

History of Sewing Machine

shared by goodmorningnight on Apr 03
Hand’s up if you happened to one of many homes out there without a sewing machine? Believe it or not the everyday sewing machine has to be one of the most useful inventions ever and you might laugh ...


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