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History of Patent Law

THE HISTORYOF PATENT LAW GREEK COLONY OF SYBARIS Chefs in Sybaris could be granted a monopoly for one year for creating particular dishes 500 BCE Intellectual property protection reference ST VITRUVIUS PROVES INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY THEFT He exposed the guilty poets who were then tried, convicted, Vitruvius served as a judge for a literary contest in Alexandria, Rome 257-180 and disgraced for stealing the words and phrases of others BCE HINTS OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS IN EARLY ROME Roman jurists discussed ownership interests regarding intellectual work and The Roman poet Martial referenced literary piracy when he wrote a poem calling out someone named Fidentinus differentiating between ownership, such as owning a painting vs owning a table the painting is standing on 1-100 BCE for their attempts to steal his work In the poem, Martial also tells Fidentinus that he will let Fidentinus recite the poems if they are-cited as Martial's or sell them to Fidentinus FIRST STATUTE TO PROTECT INVENTOR'S RIGHTS IN FLORENCE It recognized the rights of inventors to their intellectual The statute was passed on June 9th, 1421 to architect Filippo Brunelleschi property and had a built-in incentive mechanism 1421 recognizable in modern patent law Unfortunately, the statute was only ever granted to Brunelleschi ITALY STATUTE INVENTOR’S EXCLUSIVE RIGHTS TO THEIR CREATION The statute is particularly notable for including recognition of the rights of inventors, an incentive mechanism, compensation for infringement, and a term limit on inventors' rights Lasting patent that provided intellectual property protection 1474 ST ENGLISH CROWN GRANTS MONOPOLIES 1561- 1610 Elizabeth I and her successor, Queen Elizabeth I herself granted around 50 patents that enabled the recipients to exercise monopolies over manufacturing and trade of commodities James I, granted monopolistic patents to favorites, in interest of replenishing royal coffers James I was forced to revoke all previous patents STATUTE OF MONOPOLIES PASSED IN ENGLAND 14 The monopoly on the invention was limited to 1624 years Patents were defined as any new invention and rights were no longer granted for ideas or works already in the public domain All monopolies other than those granted after the statute were considered illegal STATUTE OF ANNE The statute was a result of "printers, booksellers, and other persons taking the liberty of printing, reprinting, and publishing books without the 1710 Granted 14 year copyrights to authors over their literary works with the possibility of renewing for another 14 years consent of the authors" to the detriment of the authors if the author was alive The statute also mentions the goal of encouraging educated people to compose and write books THE US PATENT ACT FIRST ESTABLISHED All patent submissions were required to have a description of the invention 14 Patents allowed for 14 years to "useful, important 1790 and new" inventions years J... ll The Patent Act was amended in 1793 to allow for improvements to be patented US PATENT OFFICE ESTABLISHED IN THE STATE DEPARTMENT At the time, new applications of old inventions were not allowed but old components used in a new way could be patented Examiners reviewed patents to determine if they were new 1836 DEFINITION OF US PATENT ACT EXTENDED A patent was now also required 1849 to be "non-obvious to other professionals in the same field" INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PROTECTION IS A GLOBEL ISSUE Inventors refused to attend the International Exhibition of Inventions Vienna in 1873 1873 for fear of their ideas being stolen and used in other countries PARIS CONVENTION FOR THE PROTECTION OF INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY The 1886 Berne Convention for The Paris Convention is the first major international treaty aimed at intellectual property protection across countries the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works expanded on this idea and aimed to 1883 internationally protect the rights over creative works PREDECESSOR OF THE WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ORGANIZATION ARE FORMED Paris Convention & Berne Convention are united to form BIRPI would later become the United International Bureaux 1893 WIPO, a specialized United Nations agency with 187 member states for the Protection of Intellectual Property (best known by its French acronym BIRPI) WIPO OMP US PATENT LAW'S STANDARD ESTABLISHED Law by 1950s required inventors to submit a detailed Since the 1950s, relatively few changes have been made to US Patent Law 1950 description and define the foundation for its infringement J.. Sources ...... ....... ....... .... :.......

History of Patent Law

shared by andrewdeen on Oct 24
Learn more about the rich history of patent law, dating back to 500 BCE, with this insightful infographic!


law history


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