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The History of Chemical Weapon Wars

The history of CHEMICAL WEAPON WARS In the wee hours of 21st August, the social media was flooded with photos of the victims of an alleged chemical weapons attack in Syria. The opposition is pointing fingers at the government for the chemical weapons attack on civilians as a conspiracy to edge out the rebels further away from the capital city. The government has denied the use of any chemical weapons though. A team of experts from the UN is investigating the scene of the attack and the reports are awaited. So what is chemical warfare? Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons. It is distinct from nuclear warfare and biological warfare. About 70 different chemicals have been used or stockpiled as chemical warfare agents during the 20th century. The entire class known as Lethal Unitary Chemical Agents and Munitions have been scheduled for elimination by the CWC. How 'Chemical'Weapons work? There is no explosion but rather a slow release of a chemical agent that is designed to injure or immobilize the enemy or hamper the use of a particular terrain of land. Chemical weapons blister, choke and affect the nervous system and contaminates the blood. Chemical weapons can be inflicted in liquid, gas or solid states. Under the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) chemicals are divided into groups for their purpose and treatment:- * Sarin and Mustard gas and tabun * Amiton and BZ Chemical Warfare in Ancient history: Year Location Event c. 590 BC Greece First Sacred War 429 BC Greece Peloponnesian War c. 326 BC India Invasion of India History of Chemical Weapons War: French - Used tear gas in grenades (xylyl bromide) and Germans retaliated with tear gas in artillery shells. This was the first significant use of chemical warfare in WWI. 1914 Germans - attacked the French with chlorine gas at Ypres, France and it is first effective use of chemical warfare in WWI. British- used chlorine gas against the Germans at the Battle of Loos and it was the first chemical weapons attack by the British. 1915 Germans- attacks against US troops with phosgene and chloropicrin shells. US began its formal chemical weapons program. 1918 1919 > British- used Adamsite against the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War. THE WAY 1922-27 Spanish- used chemical weapons against the Ruf rebels in Spanish Morocco. 1936 Italy- used mustard gas against Ethiopians during its invasion of Abyssinia. 1942 Nazis- used Zyklon B (hydrocyanic acid) in gas chambers for the mass murder of concentration camp. prisoners. 1943 A US ship loaded with mustard bombs attacked by Germans in the port of Bari, Italy. 1962-70 US- used tear gas and four types of defoliant, including Agent Orange, in Vietnam. 1962-67 Egypt- used chemical weapons (phosgene, mustard) against Yemen. 1975-83 Alleged- used of Yellow Rain (trichothecene mycotoxins) by Soviet-backed forces in Laos and Kampuchea. 1975-79 US government alleged Soviets use of chemical weapons in Afghanistan, induding Yellow Rain. 1983 Iraq- used chemical weapons (mustard gas) in the war against Iran. 1984 Nerve agent tabun on the battlefield was first used by Iraq during Iran - Iraq War. 1987-88 Iraq- used chemical weapons (hydrogen cyanide, mustard gas) in its Anfal Campaign against the Kurds. 1995 Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway. Statistics of Casualties from Chemical Agents in World War I : 37 million 4 years Total number of casualties in World War I of fighting that took place during WWI 9,720,450 8,865,650 Number of Civilian casualties in wWI Number of WWI Military casualties $186.3 billion Total War Cost all together of WWI Casualties from Gases: 9,000 56,000 Total Casualties Country Year Austria-Hungary 1914-1918 100,000 British Empire 1915 188,706 3,000 France 1915 190,000 Germany 1915 200,000 Italy 1914-1918 60,000 Russia 1917 419,340 USA 1914-1918 72,807 1,462 4.627 8,109 8,000 Deaths Why is this Happening? > No International standards regulating the global trade of weapons. > In fact, there's more regulation on the global trade of Bananas and Bottled water than Arms & Ammunition. > The world's most powerful countries urge for profits than human rights. Sources: http://ingienous.com/ http://en.wikipedia.org http://www.firstworldwar.com/ http://www.statisticbrain.com http://www.bbc.co.uk Designed by graphs.net

The History of Chemical Weapon Wars

shared by ShaeLynn on Sep 10
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Chemical weapons have a significant role in the history of many nations like first sacred war of Greece, Peloponnesian war of Greece and in Indian invasion. There are majorly responsible for many side...

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