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The Evolution of the Railroad Industry

THE EVOLUTION OF the Bailroad Industry It might come as a surprise that the history of railroads dates back almost as far as the United States itself. However, for almost 200 years, railroads have played a significant role in America's growth and prosperity.' From the creation of the first steam locomotive to the modern day impact of travel cars, here is a look at the evolution of the railroad industry. THE BEGINNING • In 1826, John Stevens, the "father of American Railroads", combined the technologies of steam engines and railroads to create a steam-powered horse carriage. This invention was considered to be the first steam locomotive in the United States.? 1826 Soon after, Stevens was granted a railroad charter to build the first rallroad company.? 1830 13 ica's first intercity railroa Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was only 13 miles in length.3 Am was by 1830. Best Friend of Charleston was the first railroad to carry passengers on December 25, 1830.2 1850 9,000 There were over 9,000 miles of railroad in operation by 1850.2 1862 The Railroad Act was signed by President Lincoln in 1862 to support the construction of a transcontinental railroad.2 1869 The Union Pacific Railroad started at the Missouri River and the Central Pacific Railroad began in California. The 2 railroads met in Utah to establish the first transcontinental railroad in 1869.2 • THE "GOLDEN AGE" • In 1887, the Interstate Commerce Act created the Interstate Commerce Commission (1CC), which insisted on federal economic regulation for all railroads. During this time, railroads dominated the transportation industry. 1887 ICC By 1917, there were 1,500 U.S. railroads operating 254,000 miles of tracks and employing 1.8 million people. LIGI Significant railroad advances throughout the Golden Age include:? Establishment of a standard track gauge Invention of the automatic coupler and air brakes Major increases in safety THE DECLINE 1930 In the 1930's, automobiles became affordable and the railroad industry quickly began to decline.? 1933 During the Great Depression, the railroad industry revenue dropped by 50 percent from 1928 to 1933.3 1944 World War II brought temporary business, but, by 1949, rail traffic had fallen by 28 percent since 1944.3 1960 In the 1960's, railroads attempted to merge to cut maintenance and passenger trains.? 1970 By the 1970's, numerous large railroad companies were going out of business to leave many trains and tracks abandoned.? CLOSE Fun Fact Excessive government regulation nearly destroyed the railroad industry. Railroads were losing a vast amount of income on passenger operations, but the regulators wouldn't allow railroads to discontinue passenger routes.3 THE COMEBAСK In 1980, Congress passed the Staggers Rail Act to create more balanced regulations. 1980 The Staffers Act allowed railroads to finally make their own decisions including what routes to use, what services to offer, and what prices to charge.3 Railroads have experienced constant higher demand for transporting goods and materlals since the 1990's due to the flare in gas prices.? O6GI Passenger travel has also become more popular on railroads due to people being more environmentally consclous and since roads are becoming too congested.? "Almost two hundred years after the first American freight train rumbled down a track, America's railroads remain the backbone of the nation's economy and the engine that moves America." -The Association of American Railroads4 Proportion-Air, Inc. is a manufacturer of electronic air pressure regulators and air flow control valves. Proportion-Air, Inc. was founded in 1985 by corporate President Daniel E. Cook to capitalize on the sales and marketing prospects of the unique invention of an electronic air pressure regulator. This air pressure device was designed to accept a variety of electronic analog and digital signals in order to control pneumatic pressures with extreme accuracy while negating the effects of vibration, mounting position or environmental concerns. Closed loop systems are utilized in a variety of applications on railroad locomotives to control the pressure needed to adjust throttle and braking systems. Proportion-Air's regulators, controls and valves are crucial for a number of these tasks including: controlling brake pressure on train locomotives, extend and retract cylinders which control the throttle of train engines, and adjust pneumatic actuated braking. For more information on our railroad applications, contact us today for a free consultation. 877-760-7049 Sources PROPORTION AIR Electro-Pneumatic Pressure Regulators & Flow Controllers 1. 2. 3. 4.

The Evolution of the Railroad Industry

shared by proportionair on Dec 06
Railroads in the United States have a long, interesting history but very few people are aware of it. That might be because railroads were utilized more frequently for transportation of goods than of p...






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