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Zika Virus Disease: 8 things you need to know right away

ZIKA VIRUS DISEASE 8 things you need to know right away WHAT IS IT? A disease caused by Zika virus that is spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes aegypti (the yellow type) and Aedes albopictus (the Asian tiger type). Those mosquitoes are also the carriers for fatal diseases like dengue and chikungunya. There is no vaccine to prevent or medicine to treat Zika virus. WHERE IS IT FOUND? The first recorded case was found in Ugandan monkeys in the Zika forest. It spread to tropical Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands but only 14 cases were reported because the symptoms are often similar to flu. Major outbreak in Brazil with more than 2400 suspected cases of microcephaly and 29 fatalities. Several outbreaks were reported in Oceania. 1952 I 1952-2007 2007 12013-2014 Feb 2014 2015 2016 1947 It first appeared in the Western Hemisphere and rapidly spread throughout South and Central America, reaching Mexico. Outbreaks are occurring in 23 countries in the Americas. WHO stated that Zika virus a public health emergency of international concern. The first human cases were documented in Nigeria. The first major outbreak (185 cases reported) in the Yap Island. HOW ABOUT NOW, IN 2016? W.H.O EMERGENCY of international concern stated that Zika virus a public health I since it is a cause of microcephaly in infants and Guillain-Barré syndrome in adults. 4000cases More than cases of microcephaly have been reported in Brazil and will likely i NCREASE because of the massive number of travelers returning from infected areas. 3500 2000 1000 500 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 WHAT DOES IT CAUSE TO VICTIMS Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) an uncommon sickness of the nervous system causes muscle weakness, pain, and sometime death to adults. Birth defects and neurological problems - a condition where a baby's head and brain is smaller than normal. Typical Head Size Typical Head Size Baby with Typical Head Size Baby with Microcephaly Baby with Severe Microcephaly Babies with microcephaly can have Seizures Intellectual disability Developmental delay Problems with movement and balance HOW IS IT TRANSMITTED? Through mosquito bites From mother to child Through sexual contact Through blood transfusion WHAT ARE THE SYMTOMS? The incubation period (the time from exposure to symptoms) for Zika virus is a few days to a week. 1 2 3 5 headache fever muscle pain conjunctivitis (red eyes) rash joint pain The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week after being bitten by an infected mosquito GET IMMEDIATE ATTENTION AND TEST O= DONE IF YOU HAVE THESE SYMPTOMS! HOW TO PREVENT IT? Use EPA-registered insect repellent with active ingredients DEET, oil of lemon eucalyptus, picaridin, or IR 3535. apply after sunscreen and only on exposed skin icover skin with full-length, light-coloredi (not dark, not colorful) clothing get extra protection with permethrin-treated clothing use essential oil to repel mosquitoes and other biting bugs add peppermint, lavender, vetiver or catnip oil to a spray itreat your yard with mosquito spray spray during the middle of the day and on the underside of leaves eliminate stagnant water or put a few drops of essential oil in flower pots, bottles, and accumulating garbage Stay in places with air conditioning iand window and door screens Sleep under a mosquito bed net ! prevent mosquito from breeding use larvicide to kill mosquito larvae on pool and ponds Use condom when having sexual contact (any type) or not ! having sex with people who have had Zika Avoid travelling to infected areas IF YOU THINK YOU ARE INFECTED? Get plenty of rest. Drink fluids to prevent dehydration. Go to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication. T Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of bleeding. Sources: https://broomberzg.in/blog/wellness-health/wellness-health-wellness-health/dengue-symptoms-prevention-treatment/ http://www.cdc.gov/zika/about/index.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zika_fever#History http://www.rd.com/health/wellness/zika-virus-facts/ http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/microcephaly.html http://www.rd.com/health/wellness/avoid-zika-mosquito-bites/ http://www.moneycrashers.com/best-natural-mosquito-repellent/ http://info.achs.edu/blog/green-cleaning-10-essential-oils-that-naturally-repel-insects http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-fami- lies/health-news/zika-virus-uk-america-europe-symptoms-cure-pregnant-women-microcephaly-a6851126.html BROUGHT TO YOU BY PICK AND REVIEW

Zika Virus Disease: 8 things you need to know right away

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Although Zika has long been aware of in the world history, it is not until recently that people have come to realize it is enormous and dangerous. With WHO claiming Zika a public health emergency of i...

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