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Is Your Child Being Difficult or Do They Have Oppositional Defiant Disorder?

OPPOSITIONAL DEFIANT DISORDER ODD is a behavior disorder that is usually diagnosed in childhood. Characteristics include defiant, irritable and negative behaviors towards adults, teachers, peers and authority figures. EARLY WARNING SIGNS & RISK FACTORS OF ODD FUSSY BABY REACTIVITY EXCESSIVE MOTOR BEHAVIORS > Causing negative interactions between parents > Frequent and intense temper tantrums > Concerns child may harm siblings > Exclusion from playdates and social activities Avoidance of public places for fear of child reactivity > Preschool issues that result in child being asked to leave EARLY INTERVENTION IS KEY! Early intervention can enhance the child's normal growth & development and prevent later problems. COULD YOUR CHILD HAVE ODD? Exhibits frequent oubursts of anger and resentment Blames others for Often refuses his/her mistakes to comply with requests or bad behaviors Negativity Has few or is prevalent no friends Is easily frustrated or annoyed with peers, family & authority Shows a tendency for spiteful or revengeful behavior Shows defiant behavior and a lack of respect for adults BEHAVIORS BEHAVIORS ARE EXCESSIVE BEHAVIORS LASTING LONGER COMPARED TO ARE CONSTANT THAN 6 MONTHS CHILDREN OF SAME AGE WHO IS MOST AFFECTED BY ODD? is the typical age when signs of ODD become apparent, but parents should be aware of the early warning signs. Estimated ODD is more 6% number common in of children children of affected with lower socio- ODD in the US economic status BOYS are diagnosed more often than GIRLS By the teen years, it is EQUALLY common in girls & boys in preteen years OTHER BEHAVIORS ASSOCIATED WITH ODD Poor School Impulse Control Issues Antisocial Behavior Performance Difficulties Argumentative Temper Socializing Tantrums WHAT ARE COMMON CAUSES OF ODD? BIOLOGICAL FACTORS • Have a parent with ADHD, ODD or a mood disorder • Parent with substance abuse or drinking problems • Brain chemical imbalance • Exposure to toxins • Poor nutrition PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS • Poor relationship with at least 1 parent • Parental neglect or absence • Trouble processing social cues • Difficulty forming and maintaining relationships SOCIAL FACTORS • Chaotic home life • Inconsistent discipline • Family instability such as divorce or frequent moves • Lack of social support • Living in violent/dangerous neighborhoods WHAT ARE TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR ODD? PARENT-CHILD INTERACTION THERAPY PARENT MANAGEMENT TRAINING Child & parent work together with a therapist where the parent Parents can learn skills that will allow them to better will gain skills on how to better interact with a child that is less frustrating and more positive. interact with their child for an improved relationship. PARENTS PLAY A CRITICAL ROLE IN THE TREATMENT OF ODO! INDIVIDUAL THERAPY SOCIAL SKILLS GROUPS IN-HOME BEHAVIOR THERAPY Helps children to learn to manage feelings in a more positive & healthy Your child will engage in practices that will help them learn to interact more positively with peers. Therapy and support services for children & families in your home. manner. SCHOOL BEHAVIOR PLANS MEDICATION Medication when combined In-school plans for behavior management to help your child improve academically and socially with behavioral therapies can help improve behaviors of Oppositional Defiant Disorder Manhattan Psychology Group, PC SOURCES centers/odd/odd_resource_center odd guide.pdf

Is Your Child Being Difficult or Do They Have Oppositional Defiant Disorder?

shared by jillcaren on May 01
Helping parents to better understand if their child's behavior is normal age appropriate defiant behavior or potentially a more serious disorder called Oppositional Defiant Disorder. Because early int...


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