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The Young Epidemic: Rise of Type 2 Diabetes in Children

The Young Epidemic As Obesity Rises... The Rise in Type 2 Diabetes Among Children Percent of children in the U.S. who are obese! 4% 7% 11% 20% Type 2 diabetes is generally thought to affect middle-aged and elderly people, particularly those who are overweight. But over the past two decades, doctors have noticed a rising Glucose enters the bloodstream. incidence of type 2 diabetes among children. What is this chronic disease that costs the nation nearly $200 billion a 1965 1980 1995 2008 The stomach converts 'BMI exceeding the 95th percentile. year, and how does it relate to America's obesity crisis? food to glucose. (2 ...So Does Type 2 Diabetes What's Type 2 Diabetes? BLOOD VESSEL Percent of diabetic children in the U.S. with type 2 diabetes Type 2 diabetes is the result of a high level of glucose in a person's bloodstream due to her resistance to insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar. STOMACH 1985 2% The rising glucose level prompts the pancreas to produce insulin. 1995 17% PANCREAS COMMON SYMPTOMS 30% > Dehydration > Fatigue 2005 то 40% In someone with type 2 diabetes, the body doesn't respond properly to insulin and glucose is prevented from entering cells. The simple sugar builds up in blood vessels and creates a spike in the body's blood sugar level. Hunger > Numbness of the hands or feet > Nausea 2 An estimated range. Although many genetic and environmental factors can cause insulin resistance in children, doctors say obesity is a major factor. MOST AT-RISK GROUPS ...Are Female ..Have a Family History of Diabetes ..Belong to a High-Risk Ethnic Group ...And Have Pre-Existing Conditions The American Diabetes Association GIRLS ARE Children of all ethnicities are affected by type 2 diabetes, but it is more common MORE THAN2 OUT OF 3 HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE HIGH CHOLESTEROL recommends routine screening of children who are more likely to be affected by type 2 diabetes. 1.7X children with type 2 diabetes have at least one parent affected by the disease. MORE LIKELY among non-white children. THAN BOYS TO DEVELOP In addition to those who are obese, at-risk children include those who: TYPE 2 DIABETES. SOURCES: CDC.COM | TIME.COM | DIABETESJOURNALS.ORG | KIDSHEALTH.ORG | WHO.INT I MAYOCLINIC.COM WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY IN SAINT LOUIS I AMERICAN DIABETES ASSOCIATION | MEDICINENET.COM A COLLABORATION BETWEEN GOOD AND COLUMN FIVE

The Young Epidemic: Rise of Type 2 Diabetes in Children

shared by ColumnFive on Dec 02
Over the past two decades, scientists have noticed a rising incidence of type 2 diabetes — which once affected almost exclusively middle-aged and elderly people — in children. What is this chronic...



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