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What's a Toilet Worth?

WHAT'S A TOILET WORTH? LACK OF ACCESS TO SANITATION COSTS THE WORLD US$260 BILLION YEARLY* THE CONTEXT THE POPULATION T 2.5 Lack access to improved sanitation BILLION Practice open defecation BILLION % WITHOUT ACCESS TO 69% AFRICA SUB-SAHARAN IMPROVED SANITATION 62% ASIA SOUTH 34% EAST ASIA & PACIFIC 21% LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN 16% EUROPE & CENTRAL ASIA 12% MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA THE IMPACT THE GLOBAL COSTS OF INADEQUATE SANITATION North Africa TOTAL COSTS On average, inadequate sanitation costs countries Sub-Saharan Africa $260 1.5% of their GDP Latin America & Caribbean East Asia BILLION South Asia $5.5 billion every year across 18 African countries South East Asia West Asia Caucasus & Central Asia In India $54 billion a year Oceania MORE THAN CHILE'S ENTIRE GDP (Nearly the entire GDP of Croatia) $2 $4 $6 $8 $10 $30 $50 $70 $90 ECONOMIC COST (IN BILLIONS) BREAKDOWN OF IMPACTS OF INADEQUATE INDIRECT IMPACT OF DIARRHEAL DISEASE SANITATION: INDIA AND INDONESIA • India O Indonesia 40 DIARRHEA Attributed to poor water and 30 sanitation, diarrhea causes 1.4 million preventable child deaths per year. 25 20 STUNTING 15 India has some of the world's worst stunting as a result of 10 more than half of the population not using any toilet or latrine. 3 LOWER SCHOOL & WORK PRODUCTIVITY 3% contributing economic impacts of at least 3% of GDP. ACCESS TOURISM HEALTH WATER TIME EXAMPLE: KENYA $244 MILLION – PREMATURE DEATH: Approximately 19,500 Kenyans, including 17,100 children under 5, die each year from diarrhea $324 $51 MILLION –- HEALTH CARE COSTS: Consultation, medication, transport and hospitalization MILLION $2.7 MILLION – PRODUCTIVITY LOSSES: Includes time absent from work or school due to diarrheal disease, seeking treatment, and time spent caring for children LOST ANNUALLY TO POOR SANITATION $26 MILLION – ACCESS TIME: Each person practicing open defecation spends almost 2.5 days a year finding a private location to defecate, leading to lost production time THE CALL TO ACTION GLOBALLY IMPROVED SANITATION HAS A RATE OF RETURN OF MORE THAN 5X FOR EVERY DOLLAR INVESTED OTHER BENEFITS: Tourism Safety/Security Land Value Water Quality Greater Dignity EXAMPLE: INDONESIA 100% Annual economic rate of return for Pit Latrines > 100% RETURN HIGH NET BENEFITS FROM LOW-COST SANITATION OPTIONS LESS THAN Requires less than one year to recover the economic 1 YEAR value of initial investment costs. COMMITTING TO TARGETS SUSTAINABILITY TARGETING POOREST Implement policy and financial support to lead to increased spending on sanitation services, especially where Ensure funds and mechanisms are in Provide additional support to increase place for adequate operations and maintenance to sustain services. access for the poorest to ensure socio-economic benefits are spread countries are most off-track. equitably among the population. For more information, visit wsp *All dollar amounts provided are given in US dollars THE WORLD BANK water and sanitation program ECONOMIC LOSSES (IN BILLIONS) $0.16 $38.49 $3.30 $4.21 $1.50 $10.73 $1,20 %24

What's a Toilet Worth?

shared by worldbank on Sep 03
Lack of access to sanitation costs the world $260 billion a year.


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