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What is Diabetes? [Infographic]

Guide to Diabetes: Types, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment What is Diabetes? Diabetes is a metabolic disease that compromises the body's ability to produce and use insulin as well as it should, affecting how it turns food into energy.' Types of Diabetes Type 1 diabetes An autoimmune disorder that hinders the pancreas from producing insulin. It can be passed on through genes or triggered by environmental factors such as viruses. 2 Type 2 diabetes A condition wherein high blood glucose levels due to insulin resistance compromises the body's ability to produce and react to the hormone. It can also be passed on through genetics but is usually acquired through bad lifestyle habits. Lack of physical activity or an unbalanced diet are common contributing factors. 3 Gestational diabetes Developed during pregnancy, this is caused by elevated blood sugar levels due to problems related to the production of insulin. Most cases are mild and can be managed with diet and exercise, but some women may require medication.4 Symptoms of Diabetes Blurred vision Darkening of skin Frequent urination Increased thirst and hunger Extreme tiredness or fatigue Slow-healing sores and aches Unintended weight loss Common Complications from Diabetes Alzheimer's Disease Cardiovascular disease While more research is Diabetics have a high chance of contracting a needed, studies suggest that Type 2 diabetes may increase the risk of Alzheimer's Disease. cardiovascular disease such as heart attacks and strokes. Diabetic retinopathy Diabetic neuropathy Diabetes can damage the blood vessels of your retina, potentially causing blindness. High blood sugar levels can damage the nerves throughout the body. People with this condition usually encounter problems with their legs and feet. Diabetic nephropathy Hearing problems High blood glucose levels can cause kidney damage. People who suffer from this may eventually contract irreversible kidney disease. Diabetes may damage the nerves and blood vessels in the ears, leading to significant hearing loss. Skin conditions Slow healing Apart from the appearance of dark spots, blisters, and thickened skin, diabetes may make you more vulnerable to bacterial infections. Diabetics have difficulty recovering from open wounds, which may lead to complications for those who need surgery Treatment Options for Diabetes Medication With a doctor's prescription, people with diabetes can take medicines to help control blood glucose levels and improve the body's sensitivity to insulin. Insulin shots One of the most common treatment options, insulin is injected subcutaneously to regulate a diabetic's blood glucose levels. Healthy food choices Follow a balanced diet. Avoid junk food and eat more greens to stay healthy. Lifestyle changes Excess alcohol and tobacco consumption may exacerbate the complications brought by Type 2 diabetes. Trim your weight Losing excess weight will significantly lower your chances of developing diabetes. Following a workout program religiously will also help avoid major complications. For Your Boehringer Ingelheim Sweethrt Where diabetes and heart disease meet www.foryoursweetheart.ph PC-PH-101822. December 2020 Sources: 1 https://www.idf.org/aboutdiabetes/what-is-diabetes.html 2 https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/basics/typel.html 3 https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-2-diabetes/symptoms-causes/syc-20351193 4 https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/gestational-diabetes 5 https://www.healthline.com/health/diabetes 5 https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/guide/understanding-diabetes-symptoms 5 https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetes/symptoms-causes/syc-20371444 6 https://www.diabetes.org/diabetes/complications 6 https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/library/features/prevent-complications.html 7 https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/guide/understanding-diabetes-detection-treatment

What is Diabetes? [Infographic]

shared by foryoursweetheartph on Feb 19
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This infographic presents the different types of diabetes. It also shows the symptoms of diabetes, the common complications from diabetes, and treatment options for diabetes.

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