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What is Cardiac Arrest?

WHAT IS CARDIAC ARREST? A cardiac arrest is a life-threatening medical emergency that happens when the heart suddenly stops pumping blood around the body. If not immediately treated with CPR, it will almost always lead to death within minutes. However, if prompt and appropriate care is given, it is possible to survive and recover from a cardiac arrest. Statistics 20% 80% of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests occur in public areas happen at home 43% of bystanders in the UK would perform CPR on a cardiac arrest victim 20%: Currently, only victims are in a 'shockable' rhythm (treatable by defibrillation) by the time the emergency services arrive. of cardiac arrest 12 Once a cardiac arrest has occurred, every 11 1 10 2 minute without CPR and defibrillation decreases the victim's chance of survival by 9 10% 8 4 5 1 10 MINUTE MINUTES CHANCE OF SURVIVAL Signs & symptoms By recognising the signs of a cardiac arrest, you can increase the chance of successful resuscitation. Common symptoms include: A SUDDEN COLLAPSE ABSENT PULSE NO BREATHING/ ERRATIC BREATHING LOSS OF CONCIOUSNESS Other symptoms that may precede an arrest include: FATIGUE PALPITATIONS FAINTING CHEST PAINS DIZZINESS SHORTNESS OF VOMITING BREATH CPR The most effective treatment for cardiac arrest is cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). After checking that the person is no longer breathing, or isn't breathing normally, begin CPR with the following actions: CHEST COMPRESSIONS Push hard and fast on the person's chest until the ambulance arrives and/or a defibrillator can be used. RESCUE BREATHING If you have been trained in CPR, deliver rescue breaths after every 30 chest compressions. Defibrillators Defibrillators can be used to treat cardiac arrest by a medical professional, or by a member of the public if there is a public access defibrillator (PAD) close by. PADS are easy to use and include verbal instructions and visual prompts to guide the operator through the process. The quicker a defibrillator can be used, the greater the chance of survival. Once in position on the chest, the device will detect the heart's rhythm and will only deliver an electrical shock if one is needed. Steroplast REFERENCES Healthcare

What is Cardiac Arrest?

shared by Gnewland on Jul 05
An infographic supplied by Steroplast, expert information about cardiac arrest


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