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The Signs & Symptoms of Dementia

THE SIGNPOSTS OF DEMENTIA Dementia is a scary condition. But avoiding the warning signs will not help it go away and an early diagnosis gives the sufferer the best opportunity to live a full and active life with dementia. Memory Concentration Memory loss including forgetting recent events, names and faces & asking questions repetitively can be signs of Alzheimer's disease Difficulty concentrating on tasks that would previously have been simple is a common symptom of early dementia. ? Personality a person becoming less sensitive to others feelings, displaying a lack of social awareness or developing Mood Confusion obsessive Mood changes including depression and uncharacteristically emotional responses to situations can be symptoms of dementia in particular vascular dementia Confusion around seemingly simple everyday tasks, times and places can all be early signs of dementia and in particular behaviour can all be signs of frontotemporal dementia Alzheimer's disease Thinking Talking people with dementia can struggle with planning, organising and reasoning and may not think things through fully where they would have previously. Struggling to follow a conversation, find the right word or problems understanding words can be early warning symptoms of Alzheimer's disease or frontotemporal dementia Movement Numbers problems with movement or mobility, frequent falls or changes to the way a person walks can be signs of vascular dementia or dementia with Lewy bodies Numbers and money can present a particular challenge for people with Dementia and confusion over dates or simple sums is often an early warning sign. Causes of Dementia Dementia is a progressive disorder that affects how your brain works and in particular the ability to remember, think and reason. It is not a disease in itself - but a group of symptoms that may accompany a number of diseases that affect the brain. AgeUK There are 4 main forms and causes of Dementia symptoms: 5% Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) 15% 60% Alzheimer's Dementia with Disease Lewy bodies (DLB) 20% Vascular dementia *Figures rounded from different research. Its possible for a person to suffer more than one cause of Dementia, this is known as "Mixed Dementia" 850,000 £26 BILLION the total number of people in the UK with Dementia' the current cost of dementia in the UK" $2 TRILLION PER YEAR 1 IN 4 of all hospital beds are occupied by people with the estimated cost of Dementiaiv Dementia globally by 2030i 70% ONLY 12% of all people in care homes have some form of Dementia off all people living with Dementia are in the severe stagesi 52% 700,000 of people over 60 say the number of "informal Alzheimer's is the disease carers" for people with Dementia in the UKviii they're most concerned aboutvii What to do if you think someone you know is showing signs of Dementia Before starting a conversation with someone you're concerned about, the Alzheimer's Society suggests that you ask yourself the following questions: have they noticed the symptoms? do they think their problems are just a natural part of ageing? are they scared about what the changes could mean? are you the best person to talk to them about memory problems? do they think there won't be any point in seeking help? When you do talk to them, choose a place that is familiar and non-threatening. And allow plenty of time so the conversation isn't rushed. The Alzheimer's Society has more tips on how to talk to someone about memory problems. LIVEIN CARER This information was provided by liveincare.org using data from: NHS Alzheimers Society Aizheimer Researcino ageuK Leve later life References Sources I Prince, M et al. (2014) Dementia UK: Update Second Edition report produced by King's College London and the London School of Economics for the Alzheimer's port i Lewis et al (2014). Trajectory of Dementia in the UK - Making a Difference, r produced the Office of Health Economics for Alzhaimer's Research UK ii Prince, M et al (2015). World Alzheimer's Report 2015, The Global Impact of Dementia: http://www.alzheimersresearchuk.org/ https://www.dementiastatistics.org http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/dementia-guide/Pages/symp- toms-of-dementia.aspx http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/dementia-guide/Pages/wor- ried-someono-has-demontia.aspx An analysis of prevalonce, incidence, cost and trends. Alzheimer's Disease International iv Lakey, L (2009) Counting the cost. Caring for people with dementia on hospital wards published by the Alzheimer's Society V Matthews, F et al (2013). A two-decade comparison of prevaience of dementia in individuals aged 65 years and older from three geographical areas of England on behalf of the Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Collaboration. vi Prince, M et al (2014) Dementia UK: Update Second Edition report produced by King's College London and the London School of Economics for the Alzheimer's Society vil "Alzheimer's the greatest concern for over-60s" (2015) YouGov poll viii Lewis et al (2014). Trajectory of Dementia in the UK - Making a Difference, report produced the Office of Health Economics for Alzheimer's Research UK https://www.alzheimers.org.uk https://www.de org uk/hast ellbeing/condi- http://www.ageuk.c tions-illnesses/dementia/what-is-dementia/

The Signs & Symptoms of Dementia

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Dementia is a scary condition. But avoiding the warning signs will not help it go away and an early diagnosis gives the sufferer the best opportunity to live a full an active life with dementia. The...

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